Geoffrey II of Brittany is a major character in the play The Lion in Winter (1966) by James Goldman where his portrayal is reminiscent of that made by Gerald of Wales, and in the novel Devil's Brood (2008) by Sharon Kay Penman.
Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany 23 September 1158 - 19 August 1186 Geoffrey Plantagenet was the fourth son of King Henry II and his wife, Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine. He was given the name of his paternal grandfather, Geoffrey V Count of Anjou.
May 23, 2018 · About Geoffrey II, duke of Brittany "Geoffrey II (23 September 1158 – 19 August 1186) was Duke of Brittany between 1181 and 1186, through his marriage with the heiress Constance. Geoffrey was the fourth son of King Henry II of England and Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine"
- "Geoffrey of England"
- September 23, 1158
- External Links
In the 1160s, Henry II began to alter his policy of indirect rule in Brittany and to exert more direct control. Henry had been at war with Conan IV, Duke of Brittany. Local Breton nobles rebelled against Conan, so Conan sought Henry II's help. In 1164, Henry intervened to seize lands along the border of Brittany and Normandy and, in 1166, he invaded Brittany to punish the local barons. Henry then forced Conan to abdicate as duke and to give Brittany to his five-year-old daughter, Constance, who was handed over and betrothed to Henry's son Geoffrey. This arrangement was quite unusual in terms of medieval law, as Conan might have had sons who could have legitimately inherited the duchy.[lower-alpha 2]Geoffrey and Constance eventually married, in July 1181. Growing tensions between Henry and Louis VII of France finally spilled over into open war in 1167, triggered by a trivial argument over how money destined for the Crusader states of the Levant should be collected. Louis allied himse...
Geoffrey and Constance had three children, one born after Geoffrey's death: 1. Eleanor, Fair Maid of Brittany(1184–1241) 2. Maud/Matilda of Brittany (1185–before May 1189) 3. Arthur I, Duke of Brittany(1187–1203?)
Geoffrey died on August 19, 1186, at the age of 27, in Paris. There is also evidence that supports a death date of August 21, 1186. There are two alternative accounts of his death. The more common first version holds that he was trampled to death in a jousting tournament. At his funeral, a grief-stricken Philip is said to have tried to jump into the coffin. Roger of Hoveden's chronicleis the source of this version; the detail of Philip's hysterical grief is from Gerald of Wales. In the second version, in the chronicle of the French royal clerk Rigord, Geoffrey died of sudden acute chest pain, which reportedly struck immediately after his speech to Philip, boasting his intention to lay Normandy to waste. Possibly, this version was an invention of its chronicler, sudden illness being God's judgment of an ungrateful son plotting rebellion against his father, and for his irreligiosity. Alternatively, the tournament story may be an invention of Philip's to prevent Henry II's discovery of...
After Geoffrey's death, Henry II arranged for Constance, Geoffrey's widow, to marry Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester. Ranulf would become Duke of Brittany, jure uxoris, for a short time before this marriage was annulled.Costain, Thomas B. The Conquering Family, 1962Everard, Judith. Charters of Duchess Constance of Brittany and her Family, 1171–1221, 1999Everard, Judith. Brittany and the Angevins: Province and Empire, 1158–1203, 2000Gillingham, John. The Life and Times of Richard I, 1973
The Medieval Sourcebookcontains many primary sources including Hoveden and Gerald of Wales, some of which pertains to Geoffrey
Jan 11, 2017 · Geoffrey was the fifth child and fourth son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. It is unknown where he was born. What is known is that, along with his brothers and sisters, he was raised in England. By the time he was of full height, Geoffrey stood at 5’ 6’’.
Apr 10, 2017 · Geoffrey was the fifth child and fourth son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. It is unknown where he was born. What is known is that, along with his brothers and sisters, he was raised in England. By the time he was of full height, Geoffrey stood at 5’ 6’’.
Sep 23, 2020 · Geoffrey II (September 23, 1158 – August 19, 1186) was Duke of Brittany and 3rd Earl of Richmond between 1181 and 1186, through his marriage with the heiress Constance. Geoffrey was the fourth of five sons of Henry II, King of England and Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine.
English Royalty. Duke of Bretagne (Brittany). In 1166 his father signed a contract with Conan IV de Bretagne in which Conan gave Henry the Bretagne and named Geoffrey his heir and promised to administrate the duchy. To strengthen the contact Geoffrey was engaged to the daughter of Conan, Constance de Bretagne. As Duke...
- 23 Sep 1158
- 15304995 · View Source
- 19 Aug 1186 (aged 27)
- Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, Paris, City of Paris, Île-de-France, France
Seal of Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany; Credit – Wikipedia With the death of his eldest son, King Henry II had to make plans for the disposition of his empire, but he kept his thoughts secret. This caused more ill feelings between him and his three remaining sons, Richard, Geoffrey, and John.
Jan 03, 2021 · Duke Geoffrey I of Brittany entered into a dynastic alliance with Duke Richard II of Normandy in a diplomatic double marriage between the two houses by 1003. The church-sanctioned marriage ceremonies were held at Mont St-Michel on the Breton-Norman border; with Geoffrey I marrying Hawise, Richard II's sister; and Richard II marrying Judith ...
- Conan I of Rennes, Ermengarde-Gerberga of Anjou
- circa 980
- "1st Duke of Brittany"
- Rennes, Ille Et Vilaine, Bretagne, France