Aug 23, 2020 · Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher who developed a dialectical scheme that emphasized the progress of history and of ideas from thesis to antithesis and thence to a synthesis. He was the last of the great philosophical system builders of modern times. Learn more about Hegel’s life and work.
- Life, Work, and Influence
- Hegel’s Philosophy
- Hegel’s Published Works
Born in 1770 in Stuttgart, Hegel spent the years 1788–1793 asa student in nearby Tübingen, studying first philosophy, and thentheology, and forming friendships with fellow students, the futuregreat romantic poet Friedrich Hölderlin (1770–1843) andFriedrich von Schelling (1775–1854), who, like Hegel, wouldbecome one of the major figures of the German philosophical scene inthe first half of the nineteenth century. These friendships clearlyhad a major influence on Hegel’s philosophical development, andfor a while the intellectual lives of the three were closelyintertwined. After graduation Hegel worked as a tutor for families in Bern andthen Frankfurt, where he was reunited with Hölderlin. Untilaround 1800, Hegel devoted himself to developing his ideas onreligious and social themes, and seemed to have envisaged a future forhimself as a type of modernising and reforming educator, in the imageof figures of the German Enlightenment such as Lessing andSchiller. Around the turn of the centu...
Hegel’s own pithy account of the nature of philosophy givenin the Preface to his Elements of the Philosophy ofRightcaptures a characteristic tension in his philosophicalapproach and, in particular, in his approach to the nature and limitsof human cognition. “Philosophy”, he says there, “isits own time comprehended in thoughts” (PR: 21). On the one hand we can clearly see in the phrase “its owntime” the suggestion of an historical or culturalconditionedness and variability which applies even to the highest formof human cognition, philosophy itself. The contents of philosophicalknowledge, we might suspect, will come from the historically changingcontents of its cultural context. On the other, there is the hint ofsuch contents being raised to some higher level,presumably higher than other levels of cognitive functioning such asthose based in everyday perceptual experience, for example, or thosecharacteristic of other areas of culture such as art andreligion. This higher level takes the...
We may think of there being five different types of work that makeup Hegel’s published corpus. First, there are Hegel’s twomajor stand-alone books written for publication alreadymentioned—Phenomenology of Spirit (1807)and Science of Logic (1812–18). In the next categoryare works that were published at the time as handbooks foruse in student teaching such as the Encyclopaedia of PhilosophicalSciences first published in 1817 while he was teaching atHeidelberg and subsequently revised and republished in 1827 and againin 1830, and Elements of the Philosophy of Right, effectivelyan expansion of a section of the Encyclopaedia and publishedin 1820 after his move to Berlin. (Transcripts of his earlier lectureson this topic delivered in Heidelberg have also since been published.)Along with the Encyclopaedia and the Philosophy ofRight might be added similar teaching-related writings from theJena period, prepared as lectures but only published as such muchlater. The third major category is for...
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (often known as G. W. F. Hegel or Georg Hegel) (1770 - 1831) was a German philosopher of the early Modern period. He was a leading figure in the German Idealism movement in the early 19th Century, although his ideas went far beyond earlier Kantianism, and he founded his own school of Hegelianism.
- Hegel’s System
- Hegel's Legacy
- Famous Hegel Quotations
- Major Works
- Secondary Literature
- External Links
The succession of Hegel’s writings constitutes a consistent whole that can really be called a system, unlike the works of his predecessors Fichte and Schelling, whose ideas changed considerably over time. Hegel’s thought is post-Kantian in that it has its starting point in the thinking I but, like Fichte, Hegel rejects Kant’s notion of the unknowable thing-in-itself. For him, the development of a thought system like his own is precisely the embodiment of the thing-in-itself, which he calls Absolute Spirit. In his early work on the Difference between the Philosophical Systems of Fichte and Schellinghe further sided with Schelling in rejecting Fichte’s exclusive emphasis on the Ego, agreeing with Schelling’s view that the Absolute had to include both the subject and the object. However, he strongly disagreed with Schelling’s views on the obscure nature of that Absolute and its inaccessibility to rational thought.
Hegel's philosophy is not intended to be easy reading because it is technical writing. Hegel presumed his readers would be well-versed in Western philosophy, up to and including Descartes, Spinoza, Hume, Kant, Fichte, and Schelling. Without this background, Hegel is practically impossible to read. Ironically, Hegel has managed to be both one of the most influential thinkers in modern philosophy while simultaneously being one of the most inaccessible. Because of this, Hegel's ultimate legacy will be debated for a very long time. He has been such a formative influence on such a wide range of thinkers that one can give him credit or assign him blame for almost any position. Arthur Schopenhauer, for a very short time a fellow colleague of Hegel's at the University of Berlin, is famous for his scathing criticism of Hegel. He had this to say about his philosophy: Many other newer philosophers who prefer to follow the tradition of British Philosophy have made similar statements. But even i...
One appropriate way to assess Hegel's work would be to understand it in the historical context of his days. During his formative 10 years (1788-1799) as a young theologian, he was faced with the diversity of conflicting schools of religion: institutional Christianity, Pietism, Enlightenment religion, Romanticism, and Kantianism. This diversity, in fact, started with the collapse of the Medieval synthesis into the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation 300 years before Hegel and still continued to exist with even more variety in his days. Thinkers such as Kant and Schleiermacher attempted to come up a synthesis. So did Hegel. His formative years as a theologian ended with a new understanding of Jesus' vision of love beyond the tension between Kantianism (Judaism) and Romanticism (Hellenism), as can be seen in his The Spirit of Christianity and its Fate written in 1798-1799. Here, we can trace Hegel's concern to dialectically reconcile the opposites of experience into a higher uni...
"Logic is to be understood as the System of Pure Reason, as the realm of Pure Thought. This realm is Truth as it is without veil, and in its own Absolute nature. It can therefore be said that this...Phenomenology of Spirit (Phänomenologie des Geistes, sometimes translated as Phenomenology of Mind) 1807Science of Logic (Wissenschaft der Logik)1812–1816 (last edition of the first part 1831)Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences (Enzyklopaedie der philosophischen Wissenschaften) 1817–1830Elements of the Philosophy of Right (Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts)1821Adorno, Theodor W. Hegel: Three Studies, translated by Shierry M. Nicholsen. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1994. ISBN 0262510804Beiser, Frederick C. The Cambridge Companion to Hegel. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN 0521387116Collingwood, R.G. The Idea of History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1946. ISBN 0192853066Dickey, Laurence. Hegel: Religion, Economics, and the Politics of Spirit, 1770–1807. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987. ISBN 0521330351
All links retrieved May 26, 2017. 1. Hegel by HyperText, reference archive on Marxists.org. 2. Hegel.net - resources available under the GNU FDL 3. Hegel's Biography 4. General Hegel Resources 5. The Hegel Society of America 6. Hegel in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 7. Hegel's Science of Philosophy 8. Hegel in 'The History Guide' 9. Works by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Project Gutenberg
- “Nothing great in the world was accomplished without passion.” ― Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.
- “We learn from history that we do not learn from history.” ― Georg Hegel.
- “To be independent of public opinion is the first formal condition of achieving anything great.” ― HEGEL.
- “Genuine tragedies in the world are not conflicts between right and wrong. They are conflicts between two rights” ― Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.
Enjoy the best Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Quotes at BrainyQuote. Quotations by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German Philosopher, Born August 27, 1770. Share with your friends.
- November 14, 1831
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (seine Familie nannte ihn Wilhelm) wurde am 27. August 1770 in Stuttgart geboren und wuchs in einem pietistischen Elternhaus auf. Der Vater Georg Ludwig (1733–1799), geboren in Tübingen , war Rentkammersekretär in Stuttgart und entstammte einer Familie von Beamten und Pfarrern (siehe Familie Hegel ).
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (Stuttgart, 27 de agosto de 1770 - Berlín, 14 de noviembre de 1831) fue un filósofo del Idealismo alemán, el último de la Modernidad y uno de los más importantes de su época.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (ur.27 sierpnia 1770 w Stuttgarcie, zm. 14 listopada 1831 w Berlinie) – niemiecki filozof, twórca nowoczesnego systemu idealistycznego.