Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette (6 September 1757 – 20 May 1834), known in the United States as Lafayette (/ ˌ l ɑː f iː ˈ ɛ t, ˌ l æ f-/, French: ), was a French aristocrat, freemason and military officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War, commanding American troops in several battles, including the siege of Yorktown.
- The Hero of the Two Worlds (Le Héros des Deux Mondes)
- 1771–1792, 1830
- Major general (U.S.), Lieutenant Général (France)
- Order of Saint Louis
- Early Life
- Revolution in America
- Revolution in France
- Later Years
Lafayette was born on 6 September 1757 at the Château de Chavaniac, an austere, fortress-like estate in Auvergne, about 500 km (300 mi) south of Paris. The rather militant design of the family chateau perfectly reflected the La Fayette family's military tradition, stretching back to the founding of the family by one Pons Motier, who was granted the...
After Great Britain's 13 American colonies asserted their independence, the fledgling United States knew it needed foreign support if it hoped to win a war against one of the world's foremost powers. As part of their efforts, American diplomats in Paris looked to enlist French officers to take commissions in the Continental Army in return for train...
After being reunited with his wife and three children back in Auvergne, Lafayette worked to establish stronger Franco-American ties, advocated for the rights of French Protestants, and argued for the abolition of slavery. In the meantime, the late 1780s found France in a steadily increasing state of chaos, facing a financial crisis, large-scale une...
Following his release, Lafayette spent the next few decades out of the public eye, in his home of La Grange. Although his son, George Washington Lafayette, briefly served in Napoleon's army, Lafayette himself disapproved of the emperor and played little role in national affairs for the duration of Napoleon's reign as well as the Bourbon Restoration...
Nov 21, 2022 · Marquis de Lafayette, in full Marie-Joseph-Paul-Yves-Roch-Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette, Lafayette also spelled La Fayette, (born September 6, 1757, Chavaniac, France—died May 20, 1834, Paris), French aristocrat who fought in the Continental Army with the American colonists against the British in the American Revolution.
- Marc Leepson
Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, better known simply as the Marquis de Lafayette, was born into an extremely noble family in Chavaniac, France in 1757. By 1770, he had amassed a large inheritance after the deaths of his mother, father, and grandfather. His wealth and prestige afforded him many opportunities in life, including a commission to the rank of sous-lieutenant in the Musketeers at age 14 and a captaincy in the Dragoons at age 18; the latter he received as a wedding present.
6 Sep 1757. Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette is born in the French province of Auvergne. 26 Apr 1777. Lafayette leaves France against the king's wishes, beginning his two month voyage to America. 31 Jul 1777. Lafayette receives his commission as a major general in the Continental Army in Philadelphia. 11 Sep 1777.
May 23, 2018 · Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette (French pronunciation: [ma%CA%81ki də la fajɛt]; 6 September 1757 – 20 May 1834), or Lafayette, was a French aristocrat and military officer born in the province of Auvergne in south central France.