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  1. It has been estimated that Giles was taught by Thomas Aquinas between 1269 and 1272, and in the years that followed, he produced many of his commentaries on the works of Aristotle, who had been experiencing an intellectual revival during the thirteenth century, and he also produced his commentary on Peter Lombard 's Sentences.

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    Born in Rome most probably in the fifth decade of the thirteenthcentury, Giles was the first outstanding theologian of the relativelyrecently founded Order of the Augustinian Hermits. Nothing more isknown about his origins: the statement that he belonged to the famousRoman family of the Colonna seems to go back to Jordan of Saxony’sLiber Vitasfratr...

    After René Antoine Gauthier identified in the master GuillaumeArnauld the real author of the Lectura supra logicam veteremattributed to Giles of Rome (Tabarroni 1988), interest in logicalworks focused mainly on his Commentaries on the SophisticiElenchi and on Posterior Analytics. In his treatment ofthe fallacia figurae dictionis Giles proves to be ...

    Traditionally, Giles was described as a “faithful”disciple of Aquinas’. Nowadays such a judgment is not acceptedby scholars. After Concetta Luna argued persuasively in favor of theauthenticity of the Reportatio, it became clear that Giles,already in the first stages of his career, develops his positionstaking Aquinas’ teaching as a starting point f...

    Studies concerning Giles’ natural philosophy focused mainly on histreatment of some pivotal concepts of Aristotle’s Physics. CeciliaTrifogli opened new perspectives in this field, devoting her attentionto the notions of place and motion (especially in the void, seeTrifogli 1992), underlining that “Giles’ emphasis on therole of place in the descript...

    In 2008, Romana Martorelli Vico published the first critical editionof Giles’ De formatione corporis humani in utero. With thiswork, completed between 1285 and 1295, Giles took a stance in the muchdebated question of the respective roles of male and female parents inconception. The Galenist view, going back to Hippocrates, was thatboth male and fem...

    In the debate on the respective roles of intellect and will in thedetermination of human action Giles’ position underwent an evolution,while he seems to be in search of an intermediate position, a sort ofcompromise between the theory of Henry of Ghent and that of Geoffreyof Fontaines. Giles maintains, in fact, that will is a passive potencyand can ...

  2. Giles of Rome, Latin Aegidius Romanus, also called Doctor Fundatissimus (Latin: “Best-Grounded Teacher”), (born c. 1243, –47, Rome [Italy]—died 1316, Avignon, Fr.), Scholastic theologian, philosopher, logician, archbishop, and general and intellectual leader of the Order of the Hermit Friars of St. Augustine.

  3. Giles was a prodigious writer, and he conducted numerous disputations rejecting the views of Henry of Ghent and of godfrey of fontaines and reflecting the concerns of his day. In 1287 the general chapter of Florence imposed his doctrines on all teachers in his order.

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    Giles's philosophical position still remains something of an enigma. The older view that he was strictly a disciple of Thomas has gradually been modified. While it is true that he reached substantially the same conclusions as Thomas on two of the burning issues of the day, the unity of the substantial form and the distinction between essence and ex...

    Although knowledge of Giles's scientific outlook is even less comprehensive than that of his philosophical system, his treatment, often Neoplatonic, of time, movement, gravity, quantity, the intensification and remission of forms, and matter is known to us. Giles made his most original and important contribution to later scholastic scientific discu...

    Giles had been tutor to the future Philip IV (the Fair) of France, to whom he dedicated his De Regimine Principium. This work, stressing the Aristotelian view of a ruler, was based upon the Ethics and Politics. But with the outbreak of the struggle between Philip IV and Pope Boniface VIII in 1296, Giles took the pope's side. His De Potestate Eccles...

  4. Apr 23, 2022 · It has been estimated that Giles was taught by Thomas Aquinas between 1269 and 1272, and in the years that followed, he produced many of his commentaries on the works of Aristotle, who had been experiencing an intellectual revival during the thirteenth century, and he also produced his commentary on Peter Lombard 's Sentences.

  5. Mar 15, 2008 · Giles of Rome (ca. 1247-1316) Aegidius Romanus, more commonly known as Giles of Rome, was one of the most influential of high papalist theologians in the latter half of the thirteenth century and early part of the fourteenth. [1] Born in or around the year of the Lord’s incarnation 1247, he became a member of the Augustinian Order of Hermits ...

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    Giles of Rome on ecclesiastical power