Gomburza, alternatively stylized as GOMBURZA or GomBurZa, refers to three Filipino Catholic priests, Mariano Gomez, José Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, who were executed by garrote in 17 February 1872 in Bagumbayan, Philippines by Spanish colonial authorities on charges of subversion arising from the 1872 Cavite mutiny.
- • Jose Rizal’s Letter to Mariano Ponce, 18 April 1889—
- • “Ritual For The Initiation of A Bayani,” 1894—
- • Emilio Jacinto, “Gomez, Burgos at Zamora!” April 30, 1896—
“Without 1872 there would not now be a Plaridel, a Jaena, a Sanciangco, nor would the brave and generous Filipino colonies exist in Europe. Without 1872 Rizal would now be a Jesuit and instead of writing the Noli Me Tangere, would have written the contrary. At the sight of those injustices and cruelties, though still a child, my imagination awoke, and I swore to dedicate myself to avenge one day so many victims. With this idea I have gone on studying, and this can be read in all my works and writings. God will grant me one day to fulfill my promise.” [via]
Document, via Jim Richardson, details the ritual to be followed when a Katipunan member with the rank of Soldier (Kawal) is to be elevated to the rank of Patriot (Bayani): “Presiding over the ritual, the Most Respected President (presumably Bonifacio himself) reflects on the martyrdom of the priests Burgos, Gomez and Zamora—a great wrong, he says, that tore aside the veil that had covered the eyes of the Tagalogs. Tracing the Katipunan’s political lineage a little further back, he also alludes to the movement for reforms that preceded the Cavite mutiny, mentioning specifically the newspaper El Eco Filipino, which was founded by Manuel Regidor (the brother of Antonio Ma. Regidor), Federico de Lerena (the brother-in-law of José Ma. Basa) and other liberal Filipinos in Madrid in 1871. Copies were sent to Manila but soon began to be intercepted, and people found in possession of the paper were liable to be arrested.” [via]
Jim Richardson: “The day that Gomez, Burgos and Zamora were executed, writes Jacinto, was a day of degradation and wretchedness. Twenty-four years had since passed, but the excruciating wound inflicted that day on Tagalog hearts had never healed; the bleeding had never been staunched. Though the lives of the three priests had been extinguished that day, their legacy would endure forever. Their compatriots would honor their memory, and would seek to emulate their pursuit of truth and justice. As yet, Jacinto acknowledges, some were not fully ready to embrace those ideals, either because they failed to appreciate the need for solidarity and unity or because their minds were still clouded by the smoke of a mendacious Church. But those who could no longer tolerate oppression were now looking forward to a different way of life, to a splendid new dawn.” [via]
The Death of Gomburza & The Propaganda Movement. In February 17, 1872, Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jocinto Zamora (Gomburza), all Filipino priest, was executed by the Spanish colonizers on charges of subversion. The charges against Fathers Gomez, Burgos and Zamora was their alleged complicity in the uprising of workers at the Cavite ...
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Feb 22, 2021 · “Gomburza” is an acronym or syllabic abbreviation for three martyred Filipino priests Mariano Gomes, Jose Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora who were executed by garrote on the 17th of February 1872 at Bagumbayan by the Spanish colonial government for treason and sedition charges following the Cavite Munity of 1871.
GOMBURZA. In 1891, Jose Rizal dedicated El Filibusterismo to three Filipino priests executed by the Spanish government in 1872. They were Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora. And as Filipinos are wont to contract or abbreviate words, like Noli Me Tangere into Noli, these three martyrs are more popularly known as Gomburza.
On February 17, 1872, the three martyred Priests, Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Apolonio Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, better known for the acronym GOMBURZA, were executed by garrote by the Spaniards in Bagumbayan in connection with the 1872 Cavite Mutiny. The three priests incurred the hatred of the Spanish authorities for leading the campaign ...