Lancet Gothic, Ripon Minster west front (begun 1160) Plate tracery, Chartres Cathedral clerestory (1194–1220) Geometrical Decorated Gothic, Ripon Minster east window Rayonnant rose window, Strasbourg Cathedral west front Flamboyant rose window, Amiens Cathedral west front Curvilinear window, ...
Gothic architecture, architectural style in Europe that lasted from the mid-12th century to the 16th century, particularly a style of masonry building characterized by cavernous spaces with the expanse of walls broken up by overlaid tracery. Learn more about Gothic architecture, its characteristics, and its history.
Oct 10, 2018 · Gothic architecture was originally referred to as Opus Francigenum, or “French Work,” until the 16th century when it became known as “Gothic.” The rich history of Gothic architecture is divided into three distinct phases: Early, High, and Late. Each is characterized by different design elements, styles, and engineering advancements.
Well-known for its pointed arches, flying buttresses, and large, stained glass windows, Gothic architecture is a European architectural type that originated in the mid-12th century and remained popular until the 16th century.
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- Medieval Style. The middle ages are often referred to as the dark agesbased on the disputed theory that this was a long period of decline and stagnation after the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476.
- Goths. The term Gothic architecture was originally a pejorative term that originated with Giorgio Vasari, a Renaissance period Italian historian. The Goths were a Germanic people who played a major role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire such that they were historically viewed as "barbarians" by medieval Italians.
- Pointed Arch. The most important technical achievement of Gothic architecture is the pointed arch and pointed rib vault. A pointed rib vault is a crossed or diagonal structure of arches known as ribs that were heavy structural elements filled with a lighter layer of stone in-between.
- Flying Buttress. A flying buttress is another common structural feature of Gothic architecture that uses an external half-arch connected to a pier such as a thick wall or stone column.
- Gothic Architecture Features
- from Romanesque to Gothic Architecture
- Regional Differences in Gothic Architecture
Flying buttresses: The function of these buttresses is to spread the weight of the tall walls so that the structure becomes stable by transferring force to the ground. Apart from its purpose of mov...
The characteristics exhibited by Gothic architecture were developed from the Romanesque architecture over different geographical locations. Ribbed vaults were used in making naves of Romanesque churches. Features such as plate tracery, vertical shafts and compound piers had been copied from the Romanesque period. The Basilica of Saint Denis is thought to be the first Gothic building that used all the features ranging from pointed arch to ribbed vaults.
In France, the one distinctive character of Gothic architecture from those of other countries is the vertical nature. Unlike other countries, in France, the chapels are known to be unified in that there are no major projections to the sky. The differentiating feature of the English Gothic architecture is their length and often overemphasis on the interior compared to the horizontal. English Chapels have a stylistic interior as compared with those from France and Germany. In Poland and Germany, Gothic architecture is characterized by tall towers and spires that are projected to the skies but often they are not completed to offer a beautiful look. In Spain and Portugal, the distinctive feature of the Gothic architecture is their complex nature. They are relatively wide with different parts leading to each other, and this makes it complicated. They are often flanked by tall arcades and a spacious interior giving a similar resemblance to the German chapels.
Nov 14, 2017 · What is Gothic Architecture? Gothic architecture is a European style of architecture that values height and exhibits an intricate and delicate aesthetic. Though its roots are French, the Gothic approach can be found in churches, cathedrals, and other similar buildings in Europe and beyond. History. During the Middle Ages, a new style of architecture emerged in Europe.
- Grand, Tall Designs, Which Swept Upwards with Height and Grace
- The Flying Buttress
- The Pointed Arch
- The Vaulted Ceiling
In the times before gothic architecture, Early Medieval architects struggled to spread the weight of heavy stone walls.This meant that towers needed to be short and buildings thin. Otherwise, the sheer weight of the high floors would make the building collapse into itself.One of the fundamental characteristics of gothic architecture was its height. New building techniques (such as the flying buttress, detailed below) enabled architects to spread the weight of taller walls and loftier towers.T...
The flying buttress is the defining external characteristic of gothic architecture. These buttresses act to spread the weight of the tall walls. They support the structure by transferring force directly to the ground.The flying buttress was not just practical, though. It was also decorative.Flying buttresses were often elaborately designed. They appeared to dart and sweep around each building, giving a sense of movement and of flight. They were often decorated with intricate carvings, giving...
The innovation of the pointed arch was another key characteristic of gothic architecture. Again, its significance was both practical and decorative.The pointed arch is a sturdy little design. Its form distributed the force of heavier ceilings and bulky wall. It could support much more weight than previous, simple, spindly pillars.The stronger arches allowed for much more vertical height, too – they literally reached up to the heavens.The gothic arch wasn’t just a workhorse. It had an aestheti...
The vaulted ceiling was an innovation which lead on from the achievements of the pointed arch.Irregular, vaulted ceilings utilised the technology of the pointed arch to spread force and weight from upper floors.These sturdy supports allowed ceilings to be taller than before. (Although note that the ceiling height isn’t uniform). This provided the impression of height, grandeur and elegance.The distribution of force within the vaulted ceiling enabled vaults to be built in different shapes and...
Gothic Architecture is a pan-European style that lasted between the mid 12th Century and the 16th Century. It is usually characterized as a style of masonry building that makes heavy use of...
- Christopher Mcfadden