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  1. Count Gustav Horn af Björneborg (October 22, 1592 – May 10, 1657) was a Finnish nobleman of the Swedish Empire, military officer, and Governor-General. He was appointed member of the Royal Council in 1625, Field Marshal in 1628, Governor General of Livonia in 1652 and Lord High Constable since 1653.

  2. Count Gustav Horn af Björneborg was a Finnish nobleman of the Swedish Empire, military officer, and Governor-General. He was appointed member of the Royal Council in 1625, Field Marshal in 1628, Governor General of Livonia in 1652 and Lord High Constable since 1653. In the Thirty Years' War , he was instrumental as a commander in securing victory at the Battle of Breitenfeld, in 1631. He was ...

    • Education and Early Military Career
    • Command of Swedish Forces in the Thirty Years War
    • Later career
    • Legacy

    Young lord Gustav Horn studied extensively in European universities, and then took part in war against Russia. He studied military sciences under prince Maurice of Orange in the Netherlands.

    As colonel, Gustav Horn took part in siege of Riga in 1621 and was seriously wounded. He led troops which conquered Tartu in Livonian Estonia. With count Jakob De la Gardie, he led defense of Livonia against Poland in late 1620s. Already at the age of 35, he was elevated to the rank of field marshal, by king

    Main article: The Thirty Years War

    When the king decided to join the war in Germany (1630), he appointed Gustav Horn as his second in command. At the battle of Breitenfeld in 1631, Horn prevented the Imperial force, under Tilly, from flanking the main body of the Swedish army after their Saxon allies fled the field. Next Horn led troops in Upper (southern) Franconia and conquered, among others, Mergentheim, the town of the Teutonic Order, and bishopric of Bamberg), then to Bavaria with the king.

    Following his exchange, Horn received his appointment as Vice President of War department of the government. During the war against Denmark in 1644, Gustav Horn led the attack to Skåne and conquered the whole province, except towns of Malmö and Kristianstad. Malmö's besieging did not have results until the Treaty of Brömsebro stopped that war. Skåne's conquest became called as "the Horn War."

    In 1651 he received Pori as his county and the castle of Marienborg, already earlier donated to him, was

    Gustav Horn was one of the most capable of Gustav II Adolf's military commanders, and also an able administrator. His particular skills were in arranging defences for several sorts of situations. He also maintained relatively strict discipline, so his troops did not plunder and pillage as much as others.

  3. Count Gustav Horn af Björneborg (October 22, 1592 – May 10, 1657) was a Swedish nobleman, military officer and Governor-general. He was appointed member of the Royal Council in 1625, Field Marshal in 1628, Governor General of Livonia in 1652 and Lord High Constable since 1653. In the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), he was instrumental as a commander in securing victory at the Battle of ...

  4. Count Gustav Horn af Björneborg (October 22, 1592 May 10, 1657) was a Swedish/Finnish soldier and politician. ... Gustav Horn, Count of Pori. Frederic P. Miller ...

  5. Gustav Horn, Count of Pori (Q550657) From Wikidata. ... Gustaf Gustav Carlsson (Carlsson Horn af Björneborg) aka Horn (22 Oct 1592 - 10 May 1657) 0 references .

  6. Horn (surname) Gustaf (given name) Gustav (given name) Field Marshals of Sweden Counts from Sweden Members of the Privy Council of Sweden People of the Thirty Years' War People of Uppland Horn af Björneborg Lord High Constables of Sweden Non-topical/index: Uses of Wikidata Infobox Uses of Wikidata Infobox with defaultsort suppressed

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