- related to: Hard Bop music
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Influenced by Bebop, Blues, R&B and gospel music, Hard Bop is a style of Jazz heavy in piano and saxophone.
Hard bop is a subgenre of jazz that is an extension of bebop (or "bop") music. Journalists and record companies began using the term in the mid-1950s to describe a new current within jazz that incorporated influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in saxophone and piano playing.
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Hard Bop. ». Hard Bop. Although some history books claim that Hard Bop arose as a reaction to the softer sounds featured in cool jazz, it was actually an extension of bop that largely ignored West Coast jazz. The main differences between hard bop and bop are that the melodies tend to be simpler and often more "soulful"; the rhythm section is ...
- Art Blakey: Drummer Art Blakey is credited as a key figure in the development of hard bop and a major figure in jazz history. Among his many recordings, the title track from his 1959 album Moanin’ best exemplifies the hard bop sound.
- Horace Silver: Pianist Horace Silver shares much of the credit for hard bop with his one-time bandmate, Art Blakey. In addition to “The Preacher,” Silver’s major hard bop recording is 1965’s Song for My Father, which featured saxophonist Joe Henderson on several tracks.
- Benny Golson: A former member of the Jazz Messengers, saxophonist Benny Golson led his own hard bop group, the Jazztet, which featured trumpeter Art Farmer, in 1959.
- Cannonball Adderley: Saxophonist Julian “Cannonball” Adderley was a member of an early hard bop act, the Miles Davis Quintet, before leading his own hard bop group, the Cannonball Adderley Quintet, which, at various times, included his brother, cornet player Nat Adderley, and pianist Bobby Timmons.
Hard bop got the music “back on track” in the eyes of many. It began to “heal” the rift that occurred with Bebop’s “lack of danceability” a decade earlier. Hard Bop was more soulful, bluesy, and still provided the musicians the artistic “freedom” that Bebop gave.
The main differences between hard bop and bop are that the melodies tend to be simpler and often more "soulful"; the rhythm section is usually looser, with the bassist not as tightly confined to playing four-beats-to-the-bar as in bop; a gospel influence is felt in some of the music; and quite often, the saxophonists and pianists sound as if ...
A later style, known as hard bop, or funky, evolved from and incorporated elements of gospel music and rhythm and blues. Horace Silver was the most prominent pianist, composer, and bandleader in this period. Cannonball Adderley and Art Blakey led other hard bop combos. Read More.
As well as a reaction to Cool Jazz, Hard bop was also heavily influenced by the rise of Rhythm and Blues and Black Popular Music in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s. Now, the Blues had been around for decades, of course, but it was only in the 1940’s & 1950’s, when it was electrified and amplified, did it become hugely popular.
Hard bop, in part, was a means of artistic expression by young African American men to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with the social, political, and economic climate of America at that time, i.e., segregation and lack of economic equity; hard bop reflected and contributed to the beginnings of the 1950s-1960s civil rights movement.