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  2. Hebrew language - Wikipedia › wiki › Hebrew_language

    4 days ago · Hebrew was extinct as a colloquial language by Late Antiquity, but it continued to be used as a literary language and as the liturgical language of Judaism, evolving various dialects of literary Medieval Hebrew, until its revival as a spoken language in the late 19th century.

  3. Hebrew Wikipedia - Wikipedia › wiki › Hebrew_Wikipedia

    Mar 29, 2021 · Hebrew Wikipedia (Hebrew: ויקיפדיה העברית ‎, IPA: [vikiˈpedja ha(ʔ)entsikloˈpedja haχofˈʃit]) is the Hebrew language edition of Wikipedia. This edition was started on 11 May 2001 and contains more than 292,000 articles as of March 2021.

  4. Revival of the Hebrew language - Wikipedia › wiki › Revival_of_the_Hebrew_language
    • Overview
    • Background
    • Revival of literary Hebrew
    • Revival of spoken Hebrew

    The revival of the Hebrew language took place in Europe and Palestine toward the end of the 19th century and into the 20th century, through which the language's usage changed from the sacred language of Judaism to a spoken and written language used for daily life in Israel. The process began as a diversity of Jews started arriving and establishing themselves alongside the pre-existing Jewish community in the region of Palestine in the first half of the nineteenth century, when veteran Jews in Pa

    Historical records testify to the existence of Hebrew from the 10th century BCE to the late Second Temple period, after which the language developed into Mishnaic Hebrew. From the 2nd century CE until the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language circa 1880, Hebrew served as a literary and official language and as the Judaic language of prayer. After the spoken usage of Mishnaic Hebrew ended in the 2nd century CE, Hebrew had not been spoken as a mother tongue. Even so, during the Middle Ages, Jews

    The revival of the Hebrew language in practice advanced in two parallel strains: The revival of written-literary Hebrew and the revival of spoken Hebrew. In the first few decades, the two processes were not connected to one another and even occurred in different places: Literary Hebrew was renewed in Europe's cities, whereas spoken Hebrew developed mainly in Palestine. The two movements began to merge only in the beginning of the 1900s, and an important point in this process was the immigration

    Jewish communities with different colloquial languages had used Hebrew to communicate with each other across Europe and the Near East since the Middle Ages. The use of Hebrew enabled Jews to flourish in international trade throughout Europe and Asia during the Middle Ages. In Jewish communities that existed throughout Europe, Arab lands, Persia, and India, Jewish merchants knew enough Hebrew to communicate, and thus had a much easier time trading with each other than non-Jews had trading interna

  5. Biblical Hebrew - Wikipedia › wiki › Biblical_Hebrew

    4 days ago · Biblical Hebrew (עִבְרִית מִקְרָאִית ‎ Ivrit Miqra'it or לְשׁוֹן הַמִּקְרָא ‎ Leshon ha-Miqra), also called Classical Hebrew, is an archaic form of Hebrew, a language in the Canaanite branch of Semitic languages, spoken by the Israelites in the area known as Israel, roughly west of the Jordan River and east of the Mediterranean Sea.

  6. Hebrew alphabet - Wikipedia › wiki › Hebrew_alphabet

    Apr 02, 2021 · The Hebrew alphabet (Hebrew: אָלֶף־בֵּית עִבְרִי ‎, Alefbet ivri), known variously by scholars as the Ktav Ashuri, Jewish script, square script and block script, is an abjad script used in the writing of the Hebrew language and other Jewish languages, most notably Yiddish, Judeo-Spanish, Judeo-Arabic, and Judeo-Persian.

  7. Hebrew numerals - Wikipedia › wiki › Hebrew_numerals

    4 days ago · The system of Hebrew numerals is a quasi-decimal alphabetic numeral system using the letters of the Hebrew alphabet. The system was adapted from that of the Greek numerals in the late 2nd century BCE. The current numeral system is also known as the Hebrew alphabetic numerals to contrast with earlier systems of writing numerals used in classical antiquity. These systems were inherited from usage in the Aramaic and Phoenician scripts, attested from c. 800 BC in the so-called Samaria ostraca and so

  8. Hebrew Bible - Wikipedia › wiki › Hebrew_Bible

    4 days ago · The Hebrew Bible or Tanakh (/ t ɑː ˈ n ɑː x /; Hebrew: תַּנַ״ךְ ‎, pronounced or ), is the canonical collection of Hebrew scriptures, including the Torah.These texts are almost exclusively in Biblical Hebrew, with a few passages in Biblical Aramaic (in the books of Daniel and Ezra, the verse Jeremiah 10:11, and some single words).

  9. Hebrew - Wiktionary › wiki › Hebrew

    Mar 21, 2021 · Hebrew (countable and uncountable, plural Hebrews) (countable) A member or descendant of a Semitic people claiming descent from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. (countable) A descendant of the biblical Patriarch Eber. (uncountable) The Semitic language spoken by the Hebrew people.

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