Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death in 1272. The son of King John and Isabella of Angoulême , Henry assumed the throne when he was only nine in the middle of the First Barons' War .
Dec 18, 2019 · Henry III of England ruled from 1216 to 1272 CE. The son of the unpopular King John of England (r. 1199-1216 CE), Henry was immediately faced with the ongoing Barons' War which had been fuelled by discontent over John's rule and his failure to honour the Magna Carta charter of liberties.
- Mark Cartwright
Henry III, (born October 1, 1207, Winchester, Hampshire, Eng.—died November 16, 1272, London), king of England from 1216 to 1272.
Henry III (1 October 1207–16 November 1272) became King of England in 1216 when he was 9 years old, after the early death of his father King John. He would end up ruling as king for 56 years (though he would only effectively rule for around 45 due to his youth in the first years).
- Attitudes and Beliefs During His Reign
- Marriage and Children
As Henry reached maturity, he was keen to restore royal authority, looking towards the autocratic model of the French monarchy. Henry married Eleanor of Provence and he promoted many of his French relatives to higher positions of power and wealth. For instance, one Poitevin, Peter des Riveaux, held the offices of Treasurer of the Household, Keeper of the King's Wardrobe, Lord Privy Seal, and the sheriffdoms of twenty-one English counties simultaneously. Henry's tendency to govern for long periods with no publicly-appointed ministers who could be held accountable for their actions and decisions did not make matters any easier. Many English barons came to see his method of governing as foreign. Henry was much taken with the cult of the Anglo-Saxon saint king Edward the Confessor, who had been canonized in 1161. Told that St Edward dressed austerely, Henry took to doing the same and wearing only the simplest of robes. He had a mural of the saint painted in his bedchamber for inspiratio...
Henry's advancement of foreign favorites, notably his wife's Savoyard uncles and his own Lusignan half-siblings, was unpopular with his subjects and barons. He was also extravagant and avaricious; when his first child, Prince Edward, was born, Henry demanded that Londoners bring him rich gifts to celebrate. He even sent back gifts that did not please him. Matthew Paris reports that some said, "God gave us this child, but the king sells him to us."
Henry III was the first English monarch to be crowned as a child. This fact is thought to be the cause of his many unfortunate errors in judgment. However, his reign as King offered many positives in England. The educational system in England thrived under his reign, particularly at Oxford University. His love of art and architectural and the masterpieces he had built are his greatest legacies. He ordered the rebuilding of Westminster Abbeyin the Gothic style. It continues to be a main tourists attraction.
Married on January 14, 1236, Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, to Eleanor of Provence, with at least five children born: 1. Edward I (1239–1307) 2. Margaret (1240–1275), married King Alexander III of Scotland 3. Beatrice of England(1242–1275), married to John II, Duke of Brittany 4. Edmund Crouchback (1245–1296) 5. Katharine (1253–1257), became deaf at age 2. There is reason to doubt the existence of several attributed children of Henry and Eleanor. Richard, John, and Henry are known only from a fourteenth century addition made to a manuscript of Flores historiarum, and are nowhere contemporaneously recorded. William is an error for the nephew of Henry's half-brother, William de Valence. Another daughter, Matilda, is found only in the Hayles abbey chronicle, alongside such other fictitious children as a son named William for King John, and a bastard son named John for King Edward I. Matilda's existence is doubtful, at best.Carpenter, David. The Minority of Henry III. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. ISBN 9780520072398Costain, Thomas Bertram. The Magnificent Century. Cutchogue, N.Y.: Buccaneer Books, 1997. ISBN 9781568493718Ridley, Jasper Godwin. Statesman and Saint: Cardinal Wolsey, Sir Thomas More, and the Politics of Henry VIII. New York: Viking Press, 1983. ISBN 9780670489053
Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was the son and eventual successor of John Lackland as King of England, reigning for fifty six years from 1216 to his death. He was crowned king shortly after his father's death but King Louis VIII of France laid claim to the English throne for a number of months following John Lackland's death.
Also known as Henry of Winchester, Henry III was king of England, Duke of Aquitaine and the Lord of Ireland. He was born in 1207 as the heir to the royal English throne after King John, his father.
by Medieval Steward K ing Henry III was born in Winchester Castle on 1 October 1207, the eldest son of King John and Isabella of Angouleme. At the tender age of nine, his tyrannical father John died, and Henry of Winchester became King Henry III of England.
Jan 22, 2019 · Henry III reigned 1216-1272. [S1375] The Thirteenth Century, 1216-1307 (1953), Powicke, Frederick Maurice, Sir, (The Oxford History of England, vol. 4. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953), FHL book 942 H2oh v. 4., p. 268.
Henry III, King of England's Great-Grandson - Edward III, King of England (d. 1377) - was a descendant of both - William I "The Conqueror" King of England (d. 1097) and Harold Godwinson, King of England (d. 1066) - the two adversaries at the battle
- related to: Henry III of England