Henry James OM (() 15 April 1843 – () 28 February 1916) was an American author who became a British citizen in the last year of his life. He is regarded as a key transitional figure between literary realism and literary modernism and is considered by many to be among the greatest novelists in the English language.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_James
Henry James OM (() 15 April 1843 – () 28 February 1916) was an American author who became a British citizen in the last year of his life. He is regarded as a key transitional figure between literary realism and literary modernism and is considered by many to be among the greatest novelists in the English language.
Henry James, (born April 15, 1843, New York, New York, U.S.—died February 28, 1916, London, England), American novelist and, as a naturalized English citizen from 1915, a great figure in the transatlantic culture.
- Major Novels
- Shorter Narratives
- Criticism, Biographies and Fictional Treatments
- Notable Works by James
- External Links
The Early Phase
In all, James wrote 22 novels, including two left unfinished at his death, 112 tales of varying lengths, along with many plays and a large number of nonfiction essays and books. Among the writers most influential on James’s fiction were Nathaniel Hawthorne, with his emphasis on the ambiguities of human choice and the universality of guilt, Honoré de Balzac, with his careful attention to detail and realistic presentation of character, and Ivan Turgenev, with his preference for straight-forward...
In the 1880s, James began to explore new areas of interest besides the Europe–America contrast and the "American girl." In particular, he began writing on explicitly political themes. The Bostonians (1886) is a bittersweet tragicomedy that centers on an odd triangle of characters: Basil Ransom, an unbending political conservative from Mississippi; Olive Chancellor, Ransom's cousin and a zealous Boston feminist; and Verena Tarrant, a pretty protégé of Olive's in the feminist movement. The stor...
After the failure of his "dramatic experiment" James returned to his fiction with a deeper, more incisive approach. He began to probe his characters' consciousness in a more insightful manner, which had been foreshadowed in such passages as Chapter 42 of The Portrait of a Lady. His style also started to grow in complexity to reflect the greater depth of his analysis. The Spoils of Poynton (1897), considered the first example of this final phase, is a half-length novel that describes the strug...
James was particularly interested in what he called the "beautiful and blest nouvelle," or the longer form of short narrative. Still, he produced a number of very short stories in which he achieved notable compression of sometimes-complex subjects. The following narratives are representative of James’s achievement in the shorter forms of fiction. Just as the contrast between Europe and America was a predominant theme in James’s early novels, many of his first tales also explored the clash between the Old World and the New. In "A Passionate Pilgrim" (1871), the earliest fiction that James included in the New York Edition,the difference between America and Europe erupts into open conflict, which leads to a sadly ironic ending. The story's technique still seems somewhat amateurish, with passages of local color description occasionally interrupting the flow of the narrative. But James manages to craft an interesting and believable example of what he would call the "Americano-European le...
Beyond his fiction, James was one of the more important literary critics in the history of the novel. In his classic essay The Art of Fiction (1884), he argued against rigid proscriptions on the novelist's choice of subject and method of treatment. He maintained that the widest possible freedom in content and approach would help ensure narrative fiction's continued vitality. James wrote many valuable critical articles on other novelists; typical is his insightful book-length study of his American predecessor Nathaniel Hawthorne. When he assembled the New York Editionof his fiction in his final years, James wrote a series of prefaces that subjected his own work to the same searching, occasionally harsh criticism. For most of his life James harbored ambitions for success as a playwright. He converted his novel The American into a play that enjoyed modest returns in the early 1890s. In all he wrote about a dozen plays, most of which went unproduced. His costume drama Guy Domville faile...
James's critical reputation fell to its lowest point in the decades immediately after his death. Some American critics, such as Van Wyck Brooks, expressed hostility towards James's long expatriation and eventual naturalization as a British citizen. Other critics like E.M. Forstercomplained about what they saw as James's squeamishness in the treatment of sex and other possibly controversial material, or dismissed his style as difficult and obscure. Although these criticisms have by no means abated completely, James is now widely valued for his masterful creation of situations and storylines that reveal his characters' deepest motivations, his low-key but playful humor, and his assured command of the language. In his 1983 book, The Novels of Henry James,critic Edward Wagenknecht offers a strongly positive assessment in words that echo Theodora Bosanquet's: The standard biography of James is Leon Edel's massive five-volume work published from 1953 to 1972. Edel produced a number of upd...
Perhaps the most prominent examples of James' legacy in recent years have been the film versions of several of his novels and stories. The Merchant-Ivory movies were mentioned earlier, but a number of other filmmakers have based productions on James’ fiction. The Iain Softley-directed version of The Wings of the Dove (1997) was successful with both critics and audiences. Helena Bonham Carter received an Academy Award nomination as Best Actress for her memorable portrayal of Kate Croy. Jane Campion tried her hand with The Portrait of a Lady (1996) but with much less success. In earlier times Jack Clayton's The Innocents (1961) brought "The Turn of the Screw" to vivid life on film, and William Wyler's The Heiress (1949) did the same for Washington Square. James has also influenced his fellow novelists. In fact, there has been a recent spate of "James books," as mentioned above. Such disparate writers as Joyce Carol Oates with Accursed Inhabitants of the House of Bly (1994), Louis Auch...
Watch and Ward (1871) · Roderick Hudson (1875) · The American (1877)· The Europeans (1878) · Confidence (1879) · Washington Square (1880) · The Portrait of a Lady (1881) · The Bostonians (1886) · The Princess Casamassima (1886) · The Reverberator (1888) · The Tragic Muse (1890) · The Other House (1896) · The Spoils of Poynton (1897) · What Maisie Knew (1897) · The Awkward Age (1899) · The Sacred Fount (1901) · The Wings of the Dove (1902) · The Ambassadors (1903) · The Golden Bowl (1904) · Th...
"A Passionate Pilgrim" (1871) · "Madame de Mauves" (1874) · "Daisy Miller" (1878) · "A Bundle of Letters" (1879) · "The Author of Beltraffio" (1884) · "The Aspern Papers" (1888) · "A London Life" (1888) · "The Pupil" (1891) · "The Real Thing" (1892) · "The Middle Years" (1893) · "The Altar of the Dead" (1895) · "The Turn of the Screw" (1898) · "In the Cage" (1898) · "Europe" (1899) · "Paste" (1899) · "The Great Good Place" (1900) · "Mrs. Medwin" (1900) · "The Birthplace" (1903) · "The Beast i...
A Little Tour in France (1884) · English Hours (1905) · The American Scene (1907) · Italian Hours(1909)
1. Henry James: The Untried Years 1843-1870by Leon Edel (1953) 2. Henry James: The Conquest of London 1870-1881 by Leon Edel (1962). ISBN 0380396513 3. Henry James: The Middle Years 1882-1895by Leon Edel (1962). ISBN 0380396696 1. Henry James: The Treacherous Years 1895-1901 by Leon Edel (1969). ISBN 0380396777 2. Henry James: The Master 1901-1916 by Leon Edel (1972). ISBN 0380396777 3. Henry James: The Imagination of Genius by Fred Kaplan (1992). ISBN 0688090214 4. Henry James: The Young Mas...
1. Henry James: Autobiographyedited by F.W. Dupee (1956) 2. The American: an Authoritative Text, Backgrounds and Sources, Criticism edited by James Tuttleton (1978). ISBN 0393090914 3. The Notebooks of Henry James edited by F. O. Matthiessen and Kenneth Murdock (1981). ISBN 0226511049 4. Henry James Literary Criticism — Essays on Literature, American Writers, English Writers edited by Leon Edel and Mark Wilson (1984). ISBN 0940450224 5. Henry James Literary Criticism — French Writers, Other E...
1. The Novels of Henry Jamesby Oscar Cargill (1961) 2. The Tales of Henry James by Edward Wagenknecht (1984). ISBN 080442957X 3. Modern Critical Views: Henry James edited by Harold Bloom (1987). ISBN 0877546967 4. A Companion to Henry James Studies edited by Daniel Fogel (1993). ISBN 0313257922 5. Henry James: A Collection of Critical Essays edited by Ruth Yeazell (1994). ISBN 0133809730 6. The Cambridge Companion to Henry James edited by Jonathan Freedman (1998). ISBN 0521499240
All links retrieved December 18, 2017. 1. The Henry James Scholar's Guide to Web Sites 2. IMDb pages for film versions of James’ works: The Wings of the Dove (1997), The Portrait of a Lady (1996), The Innocents (1961), and The Heiress(1949) 3. Henry James Quotes quotationspage.com. 4. Free Audiobook (An International Episode)from Librivox 5. Henry James on Find-A-Grave
Henry James was born into a wealthy and educated family in New York on April 15, 1843. His father Henry James Sr. was a well known clergyman and a rich intellectual having connections with some of the most influential and educated people of the time. Education was of utmost importance to Henry’s family.
Henry James (1843-1916), noted American-born English essayist, critic, and author of the realism movement wrote The Ambassadors (1903), The Turn of the Screw (1898), and The Portrait of a Lady (1881); "I always understood," he continued, "though it was so strange--so pitiful.
Henry James (1843-1916) was born on April 15, 1843 to Henry James, Sr., and his wife, Mary Walsh Robertson. His older brother William was born in 1842, and younger siblings Garth Wilkinson, Robertson, and Alice were born in 1845, 1846, and 1848, respectively.
- The Turn of the Screw. Strange Creatures. Eager to impress, the young governess takes his orders rather seriously. Even when strange things start happening around the country house where she works.
- The Portrait of a Lady. Isabel Archer. Isabel Archer is the lady this book draws a portrait of. Smart, curious, and independent, Isabel’s aunt gets her to cross the Atlantic from her native United States and go to Europe with her to visit her uncle and cousin.
- Daisy Miller. Culture Clash. Annie “Daisy” Miller is a young woman from New York on the pre-requisite tour through Europe for well-to-do Americans. Travelling with her slightly dim mother and rambunctious nine-year-old brother, Daisy will get caught in the middle of the culture clash between both sides of the Atlantic.
- The Wings of the Dove. Milly Theale. Milly Theale is a naïve American heiress, who has come into great fortune. The young wealthy heiress is doomed, however, due to her brittle health.
Henry James (1843 - 1916) was a key figure of 19th century realism, born in New York City in 1843, but spent most of his life in Europe. He became a British subject in 1915, a year before his death. James wrote a series of novels about Americans encountering Europeans and their experiences in Europe.
Henry James, OM (April 15, 1843-February 28, 1916), son of Henry James Sr. and brother of the philosopher and psychologist William James and diarist Alice James, was an American-born author and literary critic of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He spent much of his life in Europe and became a British subject shortly before his death.
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