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  1. Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453. The only child of Henry V , he succeeded to the English throne at the age of nine months upon his father's death, and succeeded to the French throne on the death of his maternal grandfather, Charles VI , shortly afterwards.

    • The King
    • Coronation
    • Henry's Marriage to Margaret of Anjou
    • Death and Legacy

    Henry was the only child of King Henry V of England and was his heir. He was born on 6 December 1421 at Windsor. He became king at the age of nine months on 31 August 1422, when his father died. His mother, Catherine of Valois, was then only twenty years old. Because she was the daughter of King Charles VI of France, and France had been the enemy of England, the English people did not trust her and she was not allowed to have a large part in raising her son. Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, Henry IV's youngest son, was given the position of Protector and Defender of the Realm and the Church (Regent of England) until the King was old enough to rule. His job was to keep the peace and deal with Parliament. Henry IV's oldest living son, John, Duke of Bedford, was made the Regent of France. He was in charge of running the warthat was happening. Bedford also replaced Gloucester as Regent of England whenever he was in England.

    Henry was eventually made King of England at Westminster Abbey on 6 November 1429 a month before his eighth birthday. He was made King of France at Notre Dame in Parison 16 December 1431. Because he was a child he was not allowed to control the government until he was declared of age on his sixteenth birthday in 1437, the same year his mother died.

    Because of his success in the Hundred Years' War, Henry V had left England with a lot of land in France. Since Henry VI was still a child, and England was ruled by a Regent, much of the land his father gained was lost. Diplomatic mistakes as well as military failurescaused the loss of most of the English land in France. Henry VI was a deeply spiritual man and was not very interested in politics. He let his court be controlled by a few noblemen who were called his "favourites". The people who wanted to end the war in France became more powerful, and Henry went along with them. Henry VI was told that the best way of get peace with France was to marry Margaret of Anjou, who was a niece of King Charles VII of France. Charles agreed to let Henry marry Margaret as long as he did not have to give her a dowry and was given the lands of Maine and Anjouby the English. Henry agreed, but did not let Parliament know about giving away Maine and Anjou, thinking that the English people would not be...

    Henry VI was imprisoned in the Tower of London, where he was murdered on 21 May 1471. Popular legend said that Richard, Duke of Gloucester was guilty of his murder, as well as the murder of Henry VI's son Edward of Westminster. King Henry VI was originally buried in Chertsey Abbey. In 1485, his body was moved to St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. He was succeeded by Edward IV, son of Richard, Duke of York.

    • 6 November 1429
    • Henry V
    • 6 November 1429-4 March 1461, and 31 October 1470-11 April 1471
    • Edward IV
    • Notre Dame Or St.Denis?
    • Lingard, History of England, 1854
    • Spellcheck Strikes Again!
    • Pretenders Succession Box
    • Coat of Arms...
    • Assessment Comment
    • External Links Modified
    • Baumgaertner Source
    • Proposal to Change Reign Dates
    • Henry Vi of England

    This article states that Henry VI was crowned king of France at Notre Dame de Paris on 16th December 1431, but books on the subject all state that the crowning took place at St Denis the burial place of French kings just to the north of Paris. If checking proves this to be true, could a correction be made? Thank you. --Roy Fuller, Angers, FRANCEp.s. further delving into books on the subject shows that Antonia Fraser in her work The Lives of the Kings and Queens of England places the crowning at St Denis, as does the Collins Gem Guide to the Kings and Queens of England, while Peter Ackroyd in his recent History of England Vol. I favours Notre Dame. Quid? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 93.13.7.119 (talk) 14:17, 9 August 2012 (UTC) I was also a bit surprised, but I've added a ref to an article in History Today (1982) that says Notre Dame and seems pretty reputable. Deb (talk) 12:11, 28 February 2013 (UTC)

    A reference to this (2) had a tag asking for a bettter source; I've done that, but is the implication that we want all ref's using Lingard replaced with modern authors? Which would not be impossible to achieve. I assume Lingard was only used because it's OoC on Archive.org and no books were available? Plenty of other sources are available if required. Basket Feudalist 08:47, 16 May 2013 (UTC) 1. As it is right now, with the original reference to Lingard removed but subsequent references retained without the full citation ("Lingard, p.xx"), it is somewhat frustrating and worse than a reference to an old-fashioned source. I restored the full citation ("Lingard, John, A History of England, Vol. V, 1854, pg. xx") to the first remaining subsequent reference. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 76.24.169.158 (talk) 22:52, 28 September 2013 (UTC)

    Presumably at some time in the past "Readeption" was spell checked to "Redemption". Have corrected it.Herbgold (talk) 07:55, 18 March 2015 (UTC)

    King Henry VI was a pretender to France from 1453 until 1471 (when he died) and a pretender to England from 1461 to 1470, and in 1471 after he was deposed again. This is not disputed by anybody. Because of that, this needs to be included in the succession box. User:Surtsicna just reverted my factually accurate and appropriate addition of these succession boxes from the article. I have since reverted this reversion. If there is a specific issue with the succession box, then it should be discussed here. As it stands, there is nothing factually wrong with this box and Surtsicna's assertion that "This is seriously oversimplified. We cannot possibly hope to fit the entire Wars of the Roses into three succession boxes" is just plain wrong. The purpose of these succession boxes is not to depict the entire War of the Roses in an s-box, it is to depict when a person, in this case Henry VI, was claiming a title he did not in fact have. If Surtsicna is implying that the claim is more than just...

    Sigehelmus, I've previously challenged this image with a citation needed tag, and ultimately deleted it, because it is uncited, both here and on the Commons. If it is to be re-added, it needs a reliable citation that states that Henry did have such a coat of arms, with these supporters, red Tudor roses etc. If you look at the contemporary images in the article, showing how Henry himself presented his heraldry, they are completely different, thus my suspicion that something is wrong with this one. If a reliable source can be found, of course, I don't have a problem with it being included. Hchc2009 (talk) 16:31, 10 April 2016 (UTC) 1. I agree - the image is totally without sources. As a side note - see image of Henry VI on horseback from Harley 2169 f. 3 which shows a different set of arms on Henry's shield. Ealdgyth - Talk 16:47, 10 April 2016 (UTC) 1.1. A minor correction - they're actually Lancastrian roses (and hence appropriate) not Tudor (which consist of a Yorkist rose containe...

    The comment(s) below were originally left at Talk:Henry VI of England/Comments, and are posted here for posterity. Following several discussions in past years, these subpages are now deprecated. The comments may be irrelevant or outdated; if so, please feel free to remove this section. Last edited at 08:49, 17 October 2006 (UTC).Substituted at 17:46, 29 April 2016 (UTC)

    Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified one external link on Henry VI of England. Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQfor additional information. I made the following changes: 1. Added archive https://archive.is/20140404143200/http://brepols.metapress.com/content/r7t2225332251503/ to http://brepols.metapress.com/content/r7t2225332251503/ When you have finished reviewing my changes, you may follow the instructions on the template below to fix any issues with the URLs. As of February 2018, "External links modified" talk page sections are no longer generated or monitored by InternetArchiveBot. No special action is required regarding these talk page notices, other than regular verification using the archive tool instructions below. Editors have permission to delete these "External links modified" talk page sections if they want to de-clutter talk pages, but see...

    Baumgaertner is not a historian and writes fiction novels. His work, Royal Interlude, is a work of fiction. 1. "Royal InterludeGene Baumgaertner - 2014 - ‎Fiction Also, Susanne Saygin, is a historian of science,and this source was deleted. So far, Qmbv has decided not to use edit summaries or respond to my post on their talk page. --Kansas Bear (talk) 22:17, 25 December 2017 (UTC)

    Wikipedia_talk:WikiProject_English_Royalty#Reign_dates Jhood1 (talk) 17:15, 3 April 2018 (UTC) Here are some sources for Henry VI reign beginning 1 Sep 1422: 1. Handbook of British Chronology(Fryde et al) p.41 2. Handbook of Dates(Cheney) p. 36 Jhood1 (talk) 20:53, 9 April 2018 (UTC)

    The portrait in this article is NOT that of Henry VI, but rather Edward VI, who displaced Henry VI as monarch. Buzzhaughton (talk) 00:38, 20 December 2018 (UTC) 1. I am inclined to trust the National Portrait Gallery on this. Surtsicna (talk) 01:31, 20 December 2018 (UTC) 1. Edward VI did not replace Henry VI. It was Edward IV. GoodDay (talk) 04:50, 20 December 2018 (UTC) 1. 1.1. I believe the portraits of Henry VI and Edward IV look similar to each other and to Henry VIII as they were probably painted as a pair for the eighth Henry, and so the artist (who had of course never seen either Henry VI or Edward IV, who were both long dead) painted both kings to look slightly like but not quite the same as his patron. Jacob de Wet II did something very similar for Charles II when he painted all the kings of Scotland. Obviously, he had very little to go on as to how they all really looked, so he just made them all look slightly like, but not quite the same as, Charles II by painting the sa...

  2. Pages in category "Henry VI of England" The following 12 pages are in this category, out of 12 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().

  3. Henry VI of England and Edward IV of England reigned during the turbulent period of English history in the fifteenth century known as the Wars of the Roses. The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet.

    • Overview
    • Early life
    • Reign
    • Death
    • Arms
    • Marriage

    Henry V, also called Henry of Monmouth, was King of England from 1413 until his death in 1422. Despite his relatively short reign, Henry's outstanding military successes in the Hundred Years' War against France made England one of the strongest military powers in Europe. Immortalised in Shakespeare's "Henriad" plays, Henry is known and celebrated as one of the greatest warrior kings of medieval England. During the reign of his father Henry IV, Henry gained military experience fighting the Welsh

    Henry was born in the tower above the gatehouse of Monmouth Castle in Wales, and for that reason was sometimes called Henry of Monmouth. He was the son of Henry of Bolingbroke and Mary de Bohun. His father's cousin was the reigning English monarch, King Richard II. Henry's paternal grandfather was the influential John of Gaunt, a son of King Edward III. As he was not close to the line of succession to the throne, Henry's date of birth was not officially documented, and for many years it was disp

    After Henry IV died on 20 March 1413, Henry V succeeded him and was crowned on 9 April 1413 at Westminster Abbey. The ceremony was marked by a terrible snowstorm, but the common people were undecided as to whether it was a good or bad omen. Henry was described as having been "very tall, slim, with dark hair cropped in a ring above the ears, and clean-shaven". His complexion was ruddy, the face lean with a prominent and pointed nose. Depending on his mood, his eyes "flashed from the mildness of a

    Henry V died on 31 August 1422, at the Château de Vincennes. He had been weakened by dysentery, contracted during the siege of Cosne-sur-Loire, and had to be carried in a litter towards the end of his journey. A possible contributory factor is heatstroke; the last day he was active he had been riding in full armour in blistering heat. He was 35 years old and had reigned for nine years. Shortly before his death, Henry V named his brother, John, Duke of Bedford, regent of France in the name ...

    Henry's arms as Prince of Wales were those of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points. Upon his accession, he inherited use of the arms of the kingdom undifferenced.

    In 1420 Henry V married Catherine of Valois, daughter of Charles VI of France and younger sister of the widow of Richard II, Isabella of Valois. Her dowry, upon the agreement between the two kingdoms, was 600,000 crowns. Together the couple had one child, Henry. Upon Henry V's death, the infant prince became King Henry VI of England.

    • Overview
    • Ancestry and early life
    • Rise to the throne
    • Reign
    • Appearance and character
    • Legacy and memory

    Henry VII was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death in 1509. He was the first monarch of the House of Tudor. Henry's mother, Margaret Beaufort, was a descendant of the Lancastrian branch of the House of Plantagenet. Henry's father, Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, a half-brother of Henry VI of England and descendant of the Welsh Tudors of Penmynydd, died three months before his son Henry was born. During Henry's early years, hi

    Henry VII was born at Pembroke Castle on 28 January 1457 to Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond. His father, Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, died three months before his birth. Henry's paternal grandfather, Owen Tudor, originally from the Tudors of Penmynydd, Isle of Anglesey in Wales, had been a page in the court of King Henry V. He rose to become one of the "Squires to the Body to the King" after military service at the Battle of Agincourt. Owen is said to have secretly married th

    By 1483, Henry's mother was actively promoting him as an alternative to Richard III, despite her being married to Lord Stanley, a Yorkist. At Rennes Cathedral on Christmas Day 1483, Henry pledged to marry Elizabeth of York, the eldest daughter of Edward IV. She was Edward's heir since the presumed death of her brothers, the Princes in the Tower, King Edward V and Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York. With money and supplies borrowed from his host, Francis II of Brittany, Henry tried to land in En

    To secure his hold on the throne, Henry declared himself king by right of conquest retroactively from 21 August 1485, the day before Bosworth Field. Thus, anyone who had fought for Richard against him would be guilty of treason and Henry could legally confiscate the lands and property of Richard III, while restoring his own. Henry spared Richard's nephew and designated heir, John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln, and made the Yorkist heiress Margaret Plantagenet Countess of Salisbury suo jure. He too

    Good contemporary visual records of Henry's appearance exist in realistic portraits that are relatively free of idealisation. At 27, he was tall and slender, with small blue eyes, which were said to have a noticeable animation of expression, and noticeably bad teeth in a long, sallow face beneath very fair hair. Amiable and high-spirited, Henry was friendly if dignified in manner, and it was clear that he was extremely intelligent. His biographer, Professor Chrimes, credits him – even ...

    Historians have always compared Henry VII with his continental contemporaries, especially Louis XI of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon. By 1600 historians emphasised Henry's wisdom in drawing lessons in statecraft from other monarchs. In 1622 Francis Bacon published his History of the Reign of King Henry VII. By 1900 the "New Monarchy" interpretation stressed the common factors that in each country led to the revival of monarchical power. This approach raised puzzling questions about similariti

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