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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia For other people named Heracleides, see Heraclides (disambiguation). Heracleides (Ancient Greek: Ἡρακλείδης) was a physician of ancient Greece who was said to have been the sixteenth in descent from Aesculapius, the son of Hippocrates I, who lived probably in the fifth century BCE.
Heraclides (physician), son of Hippocrates I, married to Phaeniarete (or Praxithea), father of Sosander and Hippocrates II Heracleides Tarentinus, c. 2nd century BCE, a physician of the Empiric school Heraclides of Erythrae 1st century BCE, a physician of Erythrae in Ionia
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heraclides_(physician) 00:00:25 Notes Listening is a more natural way of lea...
Topics similar to or like Heraclides (physician) Physician of ancient Greece who was said to have been the sixteenth in descent from Aesculapius, the son of Hippocrates I, who lived probably in the fifth century BCE.
- Early Life
- Major Accomplishments
"Let thy food be thy medicine and thy medicine be thy food." - Hippocrates "It is necessary for a physician to know about nature, and be very eager to know, if he is going to perform any of his duties... what man is in relation to what he eats and drinks, and in relation to his habits generally, and what will be the effect of each upon each individual." - Hippocrates, On where the two worlds meet: a holistic approach to medicine.
Little is known about the early life of Hippocrates. Historians tend to agree that he was born around the year 460 BC, on the Greek island of Cos (or Kos). Soranus of Ephesus, a second-century Greek gynecologist, and considered to be Hippocrates’ first biographer, wrote about his life but the contents of this biography and later lives were either traditional or imaginative. From the biographical accounting of Soranus: Hippocrates' father was Heraclides, a physician, and his mother was Praxitela, daughter of Tizane. He learned medicine from his father and grandfather, and studied other subjects with Democritus and Gorgias. He was probably trained at the asklepieion of Kos, and also studied from the Thracian physician Herodicus of Selymbria. Other information can be found in the writings of Aristotle which date from the 4th century BC. Plato also mentions Hippocrates in two of his dialogues: Potagonas, where Plato describes Hippocrates as "Hippocrates of Kos, the Asclepiad," and Phaed...
Considered to be the "Father of Medicine" and famous for "Hippocratic Oath," Hippocrates revolutionized the practice of medicine by shifting western medicine from the religious to the “rational.” He believes doctors should analyze symptoms on a case-by-case basis, instead of having blanket causes and/or cures for each disease. He developed the practice of clinical observation in four stages: diagnosis, prognosis, observation and treatment. He taught and practiced medicine. Hippocrates was so revered that his teachings were greatly taken, with no significant advancements of his methods for a long time. He and his followers were first to describe many diseases and medical conditions. Hippocrates began the scientific study of medicine, and numerous medical writings have survived that bear his name, although most of which suspected not written by him. It is difficult to separate the facts or myths from later tales to assess his accomplishments in medicine. As time went on, reverence for...
(Little is known about his actual timeline except his birth and death, which are also approximate dates.) 1. 460 BC - Hippocrates was born on the island of Cos, Greece. 2. 370 BC - Hippocrates died in Larissa, Thessaly.
Hippocrates' actual date of death is not known. It is believed that he passed away anywhere between 83 and 90 years of age in Larissa, Thessaly. Some say he lived to be well over 100.
- Hippocratic Theory
- Hippocratic Therapy
- Direct Contributions to Medicine
- Further Reading
Historians accept that Hippocrates existed, was born around the year 460 BC on the Greek island of Kos (Cos), and became a famous physician and teacher of medicine. Other biographical information, however, is apocryphal and likely to be untrue. Platinum Collection Build Your Own Bundle. Choose up to 7 games Fandom may earn an affiliate commission on sales made from links on this page. Soranus of Ephesus, a 2nd-century Greek gynecologist, was Hippocrates's first biographer and is the source of most information on Hippocrates's person. Information about Hippocrates can also be found in the writings of Aristotle, which date from the 4th century BC, in the Suidas of the 10th century AD, and in the works of John Tzetzes, which date from the 12th century AD. Soranus stated that Hippocrates's father was Heraclides, a physician; his mother was Praxitela, daughter of Phenaretis. The two sons of Hippocrates, Thessalus and Draco, and his son-in-law, Polybus, were his students. According to Gal...
Hippocrates is credited with being the first physician to reject superstitions and beliefs that credited supernatural or divine forces with causing illness. He separated the discipline of medicine from philosophy and religion, believing and arguing that disease was not a punishment inflicted by the gods but rather the product of environmental factors, diet and living habits. Indeed, there is not a single mention of a mystical illness in the entirety of the Hippocratic Corpus. However, Hippocrates did work with many convictions that were based on what is now known to be incorrect anatomy and physiology, such as Humorism. Ancient Greek schools of medicine were split (into the Knidian and Koan) on how to deal with disease. The Knidian school of medicine focused on diagnosis, but was dependent on many faulty assumptions about the human body: Greek medicine at the time of Hippocrates knew almost nothing of human anatomy and physiology because of the Greek taboo forbidding the dissection...
Hippocratic medicine was humble and passive. The therapeutic approach was based on "the healing power of nature" ("vis medicatrix naturae" in Latin). According to this doctrine, the body contains within itself the power to re-balance the four humours and heal itself (physis). Hippocratic therapy focused on simply easing this natural process. To this end, Hippocrates believed "rest and immobilization [were] of capital importance". In general, the Hippocratic medicine was very kind to the patient; treatment was gentle, and emphasized keeping the patient clean and sterile. For example, only clean water or wine were ever used on wounds, though "dry" treatment was preferable. Soothing balmswere sometimes employed. Hippocrates was reluctant to administer drugs and engage in specialized treatment that might prove to be wrongly chosen; generalized therapy followed a generalized diagnosis. Potent drugs were, however, used on certain occasions. This passive approach was very successful in tre...
Hippocratic medicine was notable for its strict professionalism, discipline and rigorous practice. The Hippocratic work "On the Physician" recommends that physicians always be well-kempt, honest, calm, understanding, and serious. The Hippocratic physician paid careful attention to all aspects of his practice: he followed detailed specifications for, "lighting, personnel, instruments, positioning of the patient, and techniques of bandaging and splinting" in the ancient operating room. He even kept his fingernailsto a precise length. The Hippocratic School gave importance to the clinical doctrines of observation and documentation. These doctrines dictate that physicians record their findings and their medicinal methods in a very clear and objective manner, so that these records may be passed down and employed by other physicians. Hippocrates made careful, regular note of many symptoms including complexion, pulse, fever, pains, movement, and excretions. He is said to have measured a pa...
Hippocrates and his followers were first to describe many diseases and medical conditions. He is given credit for the first description of clubbing of the fingers, an important diagnostic sign in chronic supperative lung disease, lung cancer and cyanotic heart disease. For this reason, clubbed fingers are sometimes referred to as "Hippocratic fingers". Hippocrates was also the first physician to describe Hippocratic face in Prognosis. Shakespeare famously alludes to this description when writing of Falstaff's death in Act II, Scene iii. of Henry V. Hippocrates began to categorize illnesses as acute, chronic, endemic and epidemic use terms such as, "exacerbation, relapse, resolution, crisis, paroxysm, peak, and convalescence." Another of Hippocrates's major contributions may be found in his descriptions of the symptomatology, physical findings, surgical treatment and prognosis of thoracic empyema, i.e. suppuration of the lining of the chest cavity. His teachings remain relevant to pr...
Hippocrates is widely considered as the "Father of Medicine". His contributions revolutionized the practice of medicine, but after his death the advancement stalled.So revered was Hippocrates that his teachings were largely taken as too great to be improved upon and no significant advancements of his methods were made for a long time. The centuries after Hippocrates's death were marked as much by retrograde movement as by further advancement. For instance, "after the Hippocratic period, the practice of taking clinical case-histories died out...", according to Fielding Garrison. After Hippocrates, the next significant physician was Galen, a Greek who lived from 129 to 200 AD. Galen perpetuated Hippocratic medicine, moving both forward and backward. In the Middle Ages, Arabs adopted Hippocratic methods. After the European Renaissance, Hippocratic methods were revived in Europe and even further expanded in the 19th century. Notable among those who employed Hippocrates's rigorous clinic...
Hippocrates's legendary genealogy traces his paternal heritage directly to Asklepius and his maternal ancestry to Hercules. According to Tzetzes’s Chiliades, the ahnentafelof Hippocrates II is: 1. Hippocrates II. “The Father of Medicine” 2. Heraclides 4. Hippocrates I. 8. Gnosidicus 16. Nebrus 32. Sostratus III. 64. Theodorus II. 128. Sostratus, II. 256. Thedorus 512. Cleomyttades 1024. Crisamis 2048. Dardanus 4096. Sostatus 8192. Hippolochus 16384. Podalirius 32768. Asklepius
Some clinical symptoms and signs have been named after Hippocrates as he is believed to be the first person to describe those. Hippocratic face is the change produced in the countenance by death, or long sickness, excessive evacuations, excessive hunger, and the like. Clubbing, a deformity of the fingers and fingernails, is also known as Hippocratic fingers. Hippocratic succussion is the internal splashing noise of hydropneumothorax or pyopneumothorax. Hippocratic bench (a device which uses tension to aid in setting bones) and Hippocratic cap-shaped bandage are two devices named after Hippocrates. Hippocratic Corpus and Hippocratic Oath are also his namesakes. The drink hypocrasis also believed to be invented by Hippocrates. In modern age, a lunar crater has been christened after him — the Hippocrates. Hippocratic Museum, a museum on the Greek island of Kos is dedicated to him. The Hippocrates Project is a program of the New York University Medical Center to enhance education throug...Jori, Alberto (1996), Medicina e medici nell'antica Grecia. Saggio sul 'Perì téchnes' ippocratico, Bologna (Italy): il Mulino.Pliny the Elder, Natural History: Book XXIX., translated by John Bostock. See original text in Perseus program.Kalopothakes, M. D. (1857), An essay on Hippocrates, Philadelphia: King and Baird Printers.
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