- 1. (c. 460–377 bc), Greek physician, traditionally regarded as the father of medicine. His name is associated with the medical profession's Hippocratic oath because of his attachment to a body of ancient Greek medical writings, probably none of which was written by him.
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Hippocrates of Kos (/ h ɪ ˈ p ɒ k r ə t iː z /; Greek: Ἱπποκράτης ὁ Κῷος, translit. Hippokrátēs ho Kṓos; c. 460 – c. 370 BC), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), who is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine.
Jul 17, 2020 · Greek physician Hippocrates lived during the age of Pericles. Though considered the paragon of modern medicine, it’s difficult to separate the facts from the legend and adequately assess his...
Hippocrates, (born c. 460 bce, island of Cos, Greece—died c. 375 bce, Larissa, Thessaly), ancient Greek physician who lived during Greece’s Classical period and is traditionally regarded as the father of medicine.
- Biomedical Methodology
- References and Further Reading
One way to parse the groups of Hippocratic writers revolves around their geographical origins: Cos vs. Cnidos. Though this classification is controversial, it is useful (whether one accepts the literal geographical demarcation) to mark some clear distinctions in the Hippocratic body of writing. It appears to be the case that the Cos writers sought to create general biomedical \\"laws\\" that for the most part would give the explanation for why someone was sick. Any physician might make reference...
In the time of Hippocrates (and the other associated writers) there were many who wanted to pass themselves off as physicians. These individuals had not gone through an apprenticeship and thus had no specialized (professional) knowledge. Because of this, these con men went about fleecing customers. This created a problem for those who entered the study of medicine the traditional way. These more careful practitioners had to distinguish themselves from the charlatans. The way most professions...
1. Corpus Medicorum Graecorum (Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, on-going). 1. New editions of selected texts with excellent notes and apparatus by various editors. 2. Hippocrate, Oeuvres. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1967-2008. 3. Hippocrates, selected works Loeb series. 8 vols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1923-1995. 4. Littré, E. Oeuvres complète d'hippocrate 10 vols. (Paris: J. B. Billière, 1851). 1. The standard edition.
- The Four Humors
- Hippocratic Corpus
- Hippocratic Oath
Hippocrates is often credited with developing the theory of the four humors, or fluids. Philosophers Aristotle and Galen also contributed to the concept. Centuries later, William Shakespeare incorporated the humors into his writings when describing human qualities. The humors were yellow bile, black bile, blood and phlegm, according to "The World of Shakespeare's Humors," an exhibition by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Each humor was associated with a particular element (earth, water, air or fire), two "qualities" (cold, hot, moist, dry), certain body organs and certain ages (childhood, adolescence, maturity, old age). The interactions among the humors, qualities, organs and ages — as well as the influence of the seasons and planets — determined a person's physical and mental health, as well as their disposition or personality. (Galen used the term "temperament" and literally meant that health and personality were affected by temperature — cold, hot, dry or wet. This notio...
The Hippocratic Corpus, which is widely considered the oldest set of medical documents, is a collection of about 60 texts, or "books," containing lectures, textbooks, research, cases and philosophical essays on a variety of medicine-related subjects. Some of the writings are short, like only a paragraph, while others run several volumes, according to Faulkner . The styles differ widely throughout the collection, supporting the idea that it had several authors. Historians think the texts may be the work of numerous physicians practicing medicine during Hippocrates' lifetime and later, according to Biography.com. The corpus was ultimately assembled in Alexandria, Egypt, during the third century B.C. and eventually became the standard reference for up-and-coming physicians throughout the Western world, according toFaulkner. Many of the teachings were used well into the 19th century.
Often included in the Hippocratic Corpus is the Hippocratic oath, an ancient code of ethics for doctors. Although the oath is widely attributed to Hippocrates, it is still unknown whether he actually wrote it. Today, the oath is valued as more of a historic example of medical ethics and principles rather than one to be taken completely literally. Among the anachronisms in the original oath, physicians swear by the Greek gods and goddesses of health to follow the covenant to the best of their ability. It goes on to list some seemingly odd rules for doctors that would be quite difficult to apply in our current day and age. For example, it calls for free tuition for students of medicine, urges physicians to never use the "knife" (surgery) and suggests that they treat their teacher like a parent — in other words, to regard his children as brothers and to give him money if needed. Today, many medical school graduates still recite modern variations of the oath, according to Peter Tyson, a...
- Traci Pedersen
Apr 20, 2016 · Hippocrates was born on the Greek island of Kos in the 5th century BCE, and he became the most famous physician in antiquity.
- Mark Cartwright
Hippocrates [ hĭ-pŏk ′rə-tēz′ ] 460?-377? bce Greek physician who is credited with establishing the foundations of scientific medicine.
The ancient Greek physician Hippocrates is called the father of medicine. He changed the course of Greek medicine with his certainty that disease was not caused by gods or spirits but was the result of natural action.
Hippocrates Health Institute today has expanded within its 55 acre campus in West Palm Beach, Florida. It hosts over 86 guest rooms that are private and shared, luxury villas, exercise and medical facilities, organic garden, greenhouse and juice bar. Explore our Resort
Sep 16, 2002 · The Hippocratic Oath (Ορκος) is perhaps the most widely known of Greek medical texts. It requires a new physician to swear upon a number of healing gods that he will uphold a number of professional ethical standards.
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