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    What is the basic history of China?

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  2. History of China - Wikipedia › wiki › History_of_China

    3 days ago · China: A History (2009), 642 pp, popular history pre-1760. Leung, Edwin Pak-wah. Historical dictionary of revolutionary China, 1839–1976 (1992) online free to borrow

  3. Timeline of Chinese history - Wikipedia › wiki › Timeline_of_Chinese_history

    4 days ago · This is a timeline of Chinese history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in China and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of China. See also the list of Chinese monarchs, Chinese emperors family tree, dynasties in Chinese history and years in China.

  4. China - Wikipedia › wiki › China

    6 days ago · China brought more people out of extreme poverty than any other country in history —between 1978 and 2018, China reduced extreme poverty by 800 million. China reduced the extreme poverty rate—per international standard, it refers to an income of less than $1.90/day—from 88% in 1981 to 1.85% by 2013. [332]

  5. Population history of China - Wikipedia › wiki › Population_history_of_China
    • Overview
    • Han Dynasty 202 BC – 220 AD
    • Trends: Tang to Southern Song
    • Ming Dynasty, 1368 to 1644
    • Qing, 1636–1912

    The population history of China covers the long-term pattern of population growth in China and its impact on the history of China. For recent trends see demographics of China and China.

    During the Warring States period, the development of private commerce, new trade routes, handicraft industries, and a money economy led to the growth of new urban centers. These centers were markedly different from the older cities, which had merely served as power bases for the nobility. The use of a standardized, nationwide currency during the Qin dynasty facilitated long-distance trade between cities. Many Han cities grew large: the Western Han capital, Chang'an, had approximately 250,000 inh

    Demographic historian Angus Maddison uses extensive data to argue that the main base of the Chinese economy shifted southwards between about 750 AD and 1250 AD. In 750 three quarters of the population lived in the rural north, growing wheat and millet. By about 1250 three quarters lived south of the Yangtze and grew mainly rice. By 1000 AD per capita income in China was higher the Europe average at the same time. Divergence took place from fifteenth and eighteenth centuries as the European econo

    Sinologist historians debate the population figures for each era in the Ming dynasty. The historian Timothy Brook notes that the Ming government census figures are dubious since fiscal obligations prompted many families to underreport the number of people in their households and many county officials to underreport the number of households in their jurisdiction. Children were often underreported, especially female children, as shown by skewed population statistics throughout the Ming. Even adult

    The most significant facts of early and mid-Qing social history was growth in population, population density, and mobility. The population in 1700, according to widely accepted estimates, was roughly 150 million, about what it had been under the late Ming a century before, then doubled over the next century, and reached a height of 450 million on the eve of the Taiping Rebellion in 1850. The food supply increased due to better irrigation and especially the introduction of fast-maturing rice seed

  6. China - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › China

    4 days ago · China is a cultural region, an ancient civilization, and a nation in East Asia. The official name is People's Republic of China. The last Chinese Civil War resulted in two different political powers today: The Republic of China, commonly known as China since 1 January.,1911 to 25 October,1971. Now commonly known as Taiwan, has controlled over the islands of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu. The People's Republic of China, commonly known as China, has control over mainland China and the largely

  7. History of science and technology in China - Wikipedia › wiki › History_of_Science_and

    5 days ago · The Jesuit China missions of the 16th and 17th centuries introduced Western science and astronomy, then undergoing its own revolution, to China. One modern historian writes that in late Ming courts, the Jesuits were "regarded as impressive especially for their knowledge of astronomy, calendar-making, mathematics, hydraulics, and geography."

  8. People's Republic of China - Simple English Wikipedia, the ... › wiki › People&

    5 days ago · The People's Republic of China is a one-party state in East Asia governed by the Chinese Communist Party. It was founded on 1 October 1949. It currently has more than 1.4 billion people, which is more than any other country in the world. It covers an area of 9.6 million square kilometers. The capital city is Beijing and Shanghai is the city with the most people living in it. Along with the cities of Tianjin and Chongqing, these four cities are "municipalities" directly controlled by the national

  9. History of education in China - Wikipedia › wiki › History_of_education_in_china
    • Overview
    • Shang and Zhou dynasties
    • The Warring States Period
    • Han era

    The history of education in China began with the birth of the Chinese civilization. Nobles often set up educational establishments for their offspring. Establishment of the imperial examinations was instrumental in the transition from an aristocratic to a meritocratic government. Education was also seen as a symbol of power; the educated often earned significantly greater incomes.

    The first written mention of a “school” in China appears in the oracle bones of the Shang dynasty, which constitute the first written records in China and the main historical record for that period. Used for divination, questions would be written on the bones before they were placed in a fire, and then the results printed on the bones. Several of these divinations contain questions about school: ‘Is it auspicious for the children to go on school? Will it rain on their way home ...

    The Warring States Period saw the rise of several influential philosophies, including Confucianism, Mohism, and Daoism. Of these philosophies, Confucianism would have the most long-term impact on state and imperial education. The weakening of the Zhou empire and the rise of local warlords ushered in the Period of Warring States. Some local warlords may have founded academies to consolidate their power and gain legitimacy. The different schools were often organized into political entities to gain

    Emperor Wu of Han favored Confucianism and made it as the national educational doctrine. In 124 BC, The Origins of Statecraft in China was set up to turn out civil servant for the state, which taught the Five Classics of Confucianism. The traditional Chinese attitude towards education followed Mencius's advice that "Those who labor with their minds govern others; those who labor with their strength are governed by others."

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