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  1. Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Charles V was the last emperor to be crowned by the pope, and his successor, Ferdinand I, merely adopted the title of "Emperor elect" in 1558. The final Holy Roman Emperor-elect, Francis II, abdicated in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars that saw the Empire's final dissolution.

    • 6 August 1806
    • Charlemagne (AD 800 formation), Otto the Great (AD 962 formation)
    • 25 December 800 /, 2 February 962
    • Francis II
  2. Holy Roman Empire - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Roman_Empire

    The exact term "Holy Roman Empire" was not used until the 13th century, but the concept of translatio imperii, the notion that he—the sovereign ruler—held supreme power inherited from the ancient emperors of Rome, was fundamental to the prestige of the emperor. The office of Holy Roman Emperor was traditionally elective, although frequently ...

  3. Holy Roman Empire | Definition, History, Capital ...

    www.britannica.com/place/Holy-Roman-Empire

    Holy Roman Empire, the varying complex of lands in western and central Europe ruled over first by Frankish and then by German kings for 10 centuries (800–1806). Learn more about the origins, history, and significance of the Holy Roman Empire in this article.

  4. Complete List of the Holy Roman Emperors

    www.holyromanempireassociation.com/list-of-holy-roman...

    The Complete List of Holy Roman Emperors. The Holy Roman Emperor (German: Römisch-deutscher Kaiser, Latin: Romanorum Imperator) was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.The position evolved into an elected monarchy, but the emperor elect (imperator electus) was until the 15th century required to be crowned by the Pope before assuming the imperial title.

  5. Holy Roman Emperor - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Holy Roman Emperor was the title that was given to the ruler of a loose group of places in mostly central Europe called the Holy Roman Empire.The title of "emperor" was passed from the Romans to the Frankish kingdom when, on 25 December 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne, king of the Franks, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

  6. Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Francis II (German: Franz II.; 12 February 1768 – 2 March 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the decisive defeat at the hands of the First French Empire led by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz.

    • Holy Roman Emperors Family Tree
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    • February 24 - The Birth of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
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    • The Restoration of Rome Part 3 - Otto the Great
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    • Romanised (Holy Roman Emperor) - Gr.2 Minstrel Stakes
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  7. Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor

    Leopold II (Peter Leopold Joseph Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard; 5 May 1747 – 1 March 1792) was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary, and Bohemia from 1790 to 1792, and Archduke of Austria and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790.

  8. Joseph II | Holy Roman emperor | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/Joseph-II

    Joseph II, Holy Roman emperor (1765–90), at first coruler with his mother, Maria Theresa (1765–80), and then sole ruler (1780–90) of the Austrian Habsburg dominions. An “enlightened despot,” he sought to introduce administrative, legal, economic, and ecclesiastical reforms—with only measured

  9. The Holy Roman Empire and the Habsburgs, 1400–1600 | Essay ...

    www.metmuseum.org/TOAH/hd/habs/hd_habs.htm

    It was, however, the German emperor Otto I (r. 962–73) who, by military conquest and astute political policy, placed the territorial empire of Charlemagne under German rule and established in Central Europe the feudal state that would be called, by the thirteenth century, the Holy Roman Empire.

  10. Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor - Simple English Wikipedia, the ...

    simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_I,_Holy_Roman...

    Francis I (Francis Stephen; 8 December 1708 – 18 August 1765) was Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real power of those positions. With his wife, Maria Theresa of Austria , he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty.

    • 13 September 1745 – 18 August 1765
    • Charles VII
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