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      • An alternative theory, suggested by Eric P. Hamp, is that Phrygian was most closely related to Italo-Celtic languages. [23] [24] The Phrygian epigraphical material is divided into two distinct subcorpora, Old Phrygian and New Phrygian.
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  2. 3 days ago · The Celtic languages ( usually / ˈkɛltɪk /, but sometimes / ˈsɛltɪk / in the United States) [1] are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic. They form a branch of the Indo-European language family. [2]

  3. Jun 13, 2022 · Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, is the ancestral proto-language of all known Celtic languages, and a descendant of Proto-Indo-European. It is not attested in writing, but has been partly reconstructed through the comparative method. Proto-Celtic is generally thought to have been spoken between 1300 and 800 BC, after which it began to split into ...

  4. Jun 09, 2022 · “The Proto-Indo-Europeans are a hypothetical prehistoric population of Eurasia who spoke Proto-Indo-European (PIE), the ancestor of the Indo-European languages according to linguistic reconstruction. Knowledge of them comes chiefly from that linguistic reconstruction, along with material evidence from archaeology and archaeogenetics.

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    The Baltic languages are generally thought to form a single family with two branches, Eastern and Western. However, these two branches are sometimes classified as independent branches of Balto-Slavic.

    It is believed that the Baltic languages are among the most archaic of the currently remaining Indo-European languages, despite their late attestation. Although the various Baltic tribes were mentioned by ancient historians as early as 98 B.C.,[citation needed] the first attestation of a Baltic language was about 1350, with the creation of the Elbi...

    Speakers of modern Baltic languages are generally concentrated within the borders of Lithuania and Latvia, and in emigrant communities in the United States, Canada, Australia and the countries within the former borders of the Soviet Union. Historically the languages were spoken over a larger area: west to the mouth of the Vistula river in present-d...

    Genetic relatedness

    The Baltic languages are of particular interest to linguists because they retain many archaic features, which are believed to have been present in the early stages of the Proto-Indo-European language. However, linguists have had a hard time establishing the precise relationship of the Baltic languages to other languages in the Indo-European family.Several of the extinct Baltic languages have a limited or nonexistent written record, their existence being known only from the records of ancient...

    Thracian hypothesis

    The Baltic-speaking peoples likely encompassed an area in Eastern Europe much larger than their modern range: as in the case of the Celtic languages of Western Europe, they were reduced with invasions, exterminations and assimilations. Studies in comparative linguistics point to genetic relationshipbetween the languages of the Baltic family and the following extinct languages: 1. Dacian 2. Thracian The Baltic classification of Dacian and Thracian has been proposed by the Lithuanian scientist...

    Stafecka, A. & Mikuleniene, D., 2009. Baltu valodu atlants: prospekts = Baltu kalbu atlasas: prospektas = Atlas of the Baltic languages: a prospect, Vilnius: Lietuvių kalbos institutas; Riga: Latvi...

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