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  1. Humanism - Wikipedia › wiki › Humanism

    4 days ago · Humanism is a philosophical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively.The meaning of the term humanism has fluctuated according to the successive intellectual movements which have identified with it.

  2. Humanism - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Humanism

    Mar 30, 2021 · Humanism is a philosophy or a way of thinking about the world. Humanism is a set of ethics or ideas about how people should live and act. People who hold this set of ethics are called humanists. Humanists prefer critical thinking and evidence (rationalism and empiricism) over acceptance of dogma or superstition.

  3. Secular humanism - Wikipedia › wiki › Secular_humanism

    Apr 02, 2021 · Secular humanism, often simply called humanism, is a philosophy or life stance that embraces human reason, secular ethics, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, and superstition as the basis of morality and decision making.

  4. Marxist humanism - Wikipedia › wiki › Marxist_humanism
    • Overview
    • Origins
    • Currents
    • Philosophy
    • Criticism
    • Marxist humanists

    Marxist humanism is an international body of thought and political action rooted in an interpretation of the works of Karl Marx. It is an investigation into "what human nature consists of and what sort of society would be most conducive to human thriving" from a critical perspective rooted in Marxist philosophy. Marxist humanists argue that Marx himself was concerned with investigating similar questions. Marxist humanism was born in 1932 with the publication of Marx's Economic and Philosophical

    The beginnings of Marxist humanism lie with the publication of György Lukács's History and Class Consciousness and Karl Korsch's Marxism and Philosophy in 1923. In these books, Lukács and Korsch proffer a Marxism that emphasizes the Hegelian basis of Karl Marx's thought. Marxism is not simply a theory of political economy that improves on its bourgeois predecessors, nor a scientific sociology, akin to the natural sciences. Marxism is primarily a critique – a self-conscious ...

    In the aftermath of the occupation of France and the Second World War, the independent leftist journal Les Temps modernes was founded in 1946. Among its original editorial board were the existentialist philosophers Jean-Paul Sartre and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. While both leant support to the politics and tactics of the French Communist Party and the Soviet Union during this period, they concurrently attempted to formulate a phenomenological and existential Marxism that opposed the Stalinist versio

    In line with this, Marxist humanism treats alienation as one of Marxism's central concepts. In his early writings, the young Marx advances a critique of modern society on the grounds that it impedes human flourishing. Marx's theory of alienation suggests a dysfunctional or hostil

    As the terminology of alienation does not appear in Marx's later works such as Capital, Marxist humanism has been quite controversial within Marxist circles. The tendency was attacked by the Italian Western Marxist Galvano Della Volpe and by Louis Althusser, the French Structuralist Marxist. Althusser criticizes Marxist humanists for not recognizing what he considers to be the fundamental dichotomy between the theory of the "Young Marx" and the "Mature Marx". Althusser holds that Marx's thought

    Notable thinkers associated with Marxist humanism include: 1. Kevin B. Anderson, American social theorist and activist. 2. Walter Benjamin, German-Jewish Marxist literary critic, essayist, translator, and philosopher. 3. John Berger, English art critic, novelist, painter and author. 4. Marshall Berman, American Marxist Humanist writer and philosopher. Author of All That Is Solid Melts into Air. 5. Ernst Bloch, German Marxist philosopher. 6. Raya Dunayevskaya, founder of the philosophy of Marxist

  5. Humanism – Wikipedia › wiki › Humanism

    Mar 29, 2021 · Humanism (från italienska umanista → umano, "mänsklig", jämför latin humanus, "mänsklig") är en idéströmning – vanligen andlig eller kulturell – som utgår från en livsåskådning som bygger på den enskilda människans värde och bildningens vikt. Humanismen kan även förknippas med de akademiska ämnen som ingår i humaniora.

  6. American Humanist Association - Wikipedia › wiki › American_Humanist_Association

    Apr 02, 2021 · The American Humanist Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that advances secular humanism, a philosophy of life that, without theism or other supernatural beliefs, affirms the ability and responsibility of human beings to lead personal lives of ethical fulfillment that aspire to the greater good of humanity.

  7. Humanisme — Wikipédia › wiki › Humanisme

    3 days ago · Abdennour Bidar , Histoire de l'humanisme en Occident , Armand Colin, 2014, p. 125. Féodalité européenne chrétienne [modifier | modifier le code] Plus de mille ans séparent l' Antiquité de sa « renaissance » , plus précisément le moment où le christianisme devient officiellement la religion de l'Orient et de l'Occident, à la fin du IV e siècle , et celui où les premiers ...

  8. Antihumanism - Wikipedia › wiki › Antihumanism

    6 days ago · In social theory and philosophy, antihumanism or anti-humanism is a theory that is critical of traditional humanism, traditional ideas about humanity and the human condition. Central to antihumanism is the view that philosophical anthropology [2] and its concepts of " human nature ", "man" or "humanity" should be rejected as historically ...

  9. 人文主义 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书 › wiki › 人文主义

    4 days ago · ^ Definition by IHS: Humanism is a philosophy of life inspired by humanity and guided by reason.. [2008-12-25]. (原始内容 存档 于2021-02-05).

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