An image file format is a file format for a digital image. There are many formats that can be used, such as JPEG, PNG, and GIF. Most formats up until 2022 were for storing 2D images, not 3D ones. The data stored in an image file format may be compressed or uncompressed.
Jul 4, 2023 · See also. Image file type and format guide. In this guide, we'll cover the image file types generally supported by web browsers, and provide insights that will help you select the most appropriate formats to use for your site's imagery. Common image file types.
- JPEG (And JPG) — Joint Photographic Experts Group. JPEG (or JPG) is a raster image file format with lossy compression that makes it suitable for sharing images.
- PNG — Portable Network Graphics. PNG is a raster graphics format that supports lossless compression, maintaining detail and contrast between colors. In particular, PNG offers much better text readability than JPEG.
- GIF — Graphics Interchange Format. The GIF is another image file type falling within the raster format. It uses lossless compression but “constrains” the image to 8 bits per pixel and a limited palette of 256 colors.
- WebP. WebP is an image format developed specifically to provide better lossless and lossy compression of images. Switching from JPEG and PNG to WebP can help save server disk space and significant bandwidth, with up to 35% smaller image files for identical quality.
- JPEG (or JPG) – Joint Photographic Experts Group. What is a JPEG? A JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) is a popular image file format. It uses “lossy” compression, meaning it reduces file size by slightly lowering image quality.
- GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) What is a GIF? A GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) is a file format often used for simple graphics and animations. It uses lossless compression, meaning it doesn’t lose quality, but only supports up to 256 colors.
- PNG (Portable Network Graphics) What is a PNG? A PNG (Portable Network Graphics) is a file format that’s great for images requiring high quality, transparency, and sharp details.
- WebP. What is WebP? A WEBP is a modern image format developed by Google. It provides superior lossless and lossy compression, meaning it can make files smaller without losing quality.
JPEG compression is used in a number of image file formats. JPEG/Exif is the most common image format used by digital cameras and other photographic image capture devices; along with JPEG/JFIF, it is the most common format for storing and transmitting photographic images on the World Wide Web.
- September 18, 1992; 30 years ago
- ISO/IEC 10918, ITU-T T.81, ITU-T T.83, ITU-T T.84, ITU-T T.86
Compare different image file types to work with the best image file. JPEG vs. PNG, PNG vs. TIFF, EPS vs. SVG. Compare all image file types. Understanding image file types is important for creating and editing your best photos, graphics, and illustrations. Learn about the right file types for each project with Adobe.
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