People also ask
Why is cholera an infectous disease?
Is cholera caused by bacterial or virus infection?
Can cholera kill you?
Is cholera a rare disease?
6 days ago · International Classification of Diseases (ICD) The International Classifications of Diseases, of which ICD-11 is a major update, provides 17 000 diagnostic categories, over 100 000 medical diagnostic index terms and is usable online or offline.
Jan 04, 2021 · However, the Tanzanian study did not stratify results by age above or below 5 years and it seems likely that a higher prevalence of non-communicable diseases including cancer and heart disease reported in that population may have contributed to the higher risk of post-discharge death.
- Moses M Ngari, Christina Obiero, Martha K Mwangome, Amek Nyaguara, Neema Mturi, Sheila Murunga, Mark...
Dec 23, 2020 · Treatment for these diseases depends on the underlying cause as well as the overall health of the patient and should be supervised by a physician. Tinea is an infectious disease that causes athlete's foot and other skin problems. Influenza, commonly referred to as the flu, is a well-known type of infectious disease. This is a viral disease and ...
- Clinical significance
- Signs and symptoms
An NCD or non-communicable disease is a disease that is not infectious and cannot be transferred to others. Some of these are diseases that progress slowly or cause chronic symptoms while others progress very rapidly. The World Health Organization estimates that NCDs are the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for 60 percent of deaths in all humans. In most cases NCDs attack the body individually rather than being related to each other.
Risk Factors of NCD: Some risk factors of non-communicable diseases include the environment, lifestyle or background such as the genetics, age, exposure to air pollution or gender of a person. Some behaviors such as a lack of physical activity, poor diet or smoking which could lead to obesity or hypertension can also increase the risk of developing some non-communicable diseases. Many of these are considered preventable because the condition can be improved by removing the at-risk behavior. This is caused when an individual consistently has a blood pressure reading over 140/90. This can be caused by diabetes, smoking, excessive salt intake, obesity or kidney disease. This condition causes a decrease in bone mass which can make the bones brittle and at higher risk for damage. Around 80 percent of people who have osteoporosis are women. Additional factors which increase the risk of this disease are the presence of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, inactivity, low sex hormone levels or smoking. Skin cancer is caused when ultraviolet rays damage the skin cells. This can appear anywhere on the body but is most common on the skin. Those that have low pigmentation in the skin such as redheads, blondes or those with blue eyes tend to be at higher risk for this disease. Limiting direct skin exposure can significantly reduce the risk of developing skin cancer and with early detection this disease is 95 percent curable. Seizures are caused by a neurologic malfunction that causes abnormal electrical activity within the brain. These can be localized or cause symptoms such as numbness that stems from an explosive firing of nerves in the brain. Tumors or brain damage can cause someone to develop this disease.There is no cure for epilepsy but medications can help to reduce the frequency of seizures. Genetic diseases are caused by hereditary factors passed down by parents to children and also along extended generational lines. Chromosomal errors passed on to offspring result in a long list of recognized clinical diseases. Environmental diseases often are the result of the interplay between a combination of environmental exposures, lifestyle factors, diet and occupational hazards.
Diabetes limits the bodys ability to process glucose normally. Type 1 diabetes which is present from birth causes the pancreas to be destroyed by the immune system, causing glucose to build up in the bloodstream. Type 2 diabetes is developed over time causing the cells to resist the effects of insulin, causing unhealthy levels of glucose in the bloodstream. Risk factor of Type 2 diabetes is being overweight or obese.
This condition causes dementia in those in advanced age, or over 60 years old. Symptoms of this condition can vary but often include getting lost, memory loss, difficulty managing daily tasks or managing money, personality changes, loss of bodily control or delusions.
This is a very broad category of diseases which impact the circulatory system or heart. This can include congenital heart disease, rhythm irregularities, heart failure, heart attack, unstable angina, mitral valve prolapse, aortic regurgitation, cardiogenic shock or endocarditis.
Among the non communicable diseases list, this disease causes damage to soft tissue in the body. It can lead to sleep disturbance patterns, widespread pain, exhaustion or irregular heartbeat. With time the symptoms can progress causing cognitive or memory difficulties, jaw pain, nasal congestion, headaches or irritable bowel syndrome.
Leukemia causes the body to produce abnormal blood cells that then release malignant cells into the bloodstream. Since the bloodstream carries these malignant cells throughout the body they can affect other tissues such as the nervous system, skin or liver. While this disease is often associated with children, most patients are actually men over 60.
Jan 13, 2021 · Diseases and epidemics of the 19th century included long-standing epidemic threats such as smallpox, typhus, yellow fever, and scarlet fever.In addition, cholera emerged as an epidemic threat and spread worldwide in six pandemics in the nineteenth century.
Jan 10, 2021 · A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson's disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer's disease, cataracts, and others.
Jan 11, 2021 · The Burden of Communicable and Non-communicable Diseases in Developing Countries 2.6 Obesity A cc or ding to the W orld Healt h Organi sat ion, obe sity is deﬁned as ‘ ‘a condi tio n of ...
There are many types of communicable diseases and can be separated into various categories, including – 1. Contact Transmitted: – Transmitted by insects such as pediculosis, bed bugs, mites and more. 2. Sexually Transmitted:– HIV/AIDS, yellow fever, relapsing fever and filariasisn, etc. 3. Transmitted through Oral Contamination: – Food poisoning, poliomyelitis and cholera, etc. 4. Helminthic diseases: – Caused by helminths or parasitic worms, such as Ascariasis, enterobiasis, hookworm, etc. 5. Air borne diseases: Sensitive respiratory infections, meningitis, and tuberculosis, etc.
Communicable Diseases are caused by pathogens and easily transferred from a contaminated person to a healthy one. Some common pathogens are fungi, bacteria, parasites and viruses. However, all the conditions caused by pathogens are not transmissible. Pollution and lack of sanitation are other important reasons behind these conditions. The pathogens discharge the noxious products which interfere in the key metabolic ways of our body and consequently, put off the body from proper functioning.
Each communicable disease has some special symptoms and signs. But, we have listed some common symptoms – 1. Cough, sneezing, sore throat, runny nose, body aches, restiveness, blocked nose and weakness are common symptoms of Influenza. 2. Itchiness, fatigue, and fever, etc. are some signs of Chickenpox 3. Abdomen pain, vomits, nausea, abdomen are signs of Gastroenteritis. 4. Acute conjunctivitis comes with redness in eyes, and watery eyes, etc. 5. Symptoms of flu are fever, headache, and tiredness. 6. Hepatitis A symptoms are nuisance, loss of craving, nauseated feeling and weakness 7. The signs and symptoms of mumps are fever, swelling and softness of the salivary glands
Instead of going for treatment, it is far better to prevent the conditions responsible for sickness. The prevention of these health conditions must be started from childhood. It is a responsibility of parents to provide all vaccinations on time for the children to strengthen the immune system as the main reason behind most disease is weak immune system. In order to control and avoid the risk of communicable diseases, it is crucial to take care of the hygiene. Proper sanitation, clean water, safe waste management, clean and safe food, and personal protection are some general preventive measures. Some diseases can be prevented through control of vectors and growth of insects. Knowledge is power. Gather as much information as you can, to avoid the risks of these dangerous diseases.