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Isabella I (Spanish: Isabel I, 22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) was Queen of Castile from 1474 and, as the wife of King Ferdinand II, Queen of Aragon from 1479 until her death, reigning over a dynastically unified Spain jointly with her husband Ferdinand; together they would be known as the Catholic Monarchs.
Isabella of Castile, Duchess of York (1355 – 23 December 1392) was the daughter of King Peter and his mistress María de Padilla (d. 1361). She accompanied her elder sister, Constance, to England after Constance's marriage to John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, and married Gaunt's younger brother, Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York .
- Early Years
- The Events of 1492
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Isabella was great-great-granddaughter of: 1. Henry II of Castile and his wife Joan of Villena, 2. Henry's half-brother Peter I of Castile and his wife, Maria de Padilla. 3. Peter IV of Aragon and his wife Leonor of Portugal, daughter of King Afonso IV of Portugal 4. Leonor's half-brother Peter I of Portugal and his mistress Teresa Lourenço. 5. Through John of Gaunt; King Edward III of England and his wife Philippa of Hainault. 6. Henry of Grosmont, Duke of Lancaster and his wife Isabel de Beaumont. 7. Nuno Alvares Pereira, Count de Barcelos and his wife Leonor Alvim, Countess of Barcelos. She was great-granddaughter of: 1. John I of Castile and his wife Eleanor of Aragon, a sister of Kings John I of Aragon and Martin I of Aragon. 2. John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and his second wife Constance of Castile (1354-1394), a daughter of Peter I of Castile. 3. King John I of Portugal and his wife Philippa of Lancaster, daughter of John of Gaunt from his first wife Blanche of Lancaster. 4...
Isabella was born in Madrigal de las Altas Torres on April 22, 1451. Her brother Afonso was born three years later. Isabella was three years old when her father, John II of Castile, died in 1454. At that time, her much older half-brother Henry IV became king. Upon ascending to the throne, he sequestered his half-siblings to Segovia and his stepmother to Arévalo, placing them in virtual exile. The first marriage of Henry IV, to Blanca of Navarre was not consummated and was annulled. He then married Joana of Portugal with the intention of producing offspring. His wife gave birth to Joan, princess of Castile. When Isabella was about ten, she and her brother were summoned to the court, to be under more direct supervision and control by the king. In the Representation of Burgos, the nobles challenged the King; demanding that Afonso, Isabella's brother, be named heir to the kingdom. Henry agreed, with the condition that Afonso marries his daughter, Joan. A few days later, he reversed his...
When Henry IV died on December 10, 1474, Isabella acted quickly. Three days after Henry's death, she was crowned Queen of Castile at Segovia. While she and Ferdinand began to reorganize the court, Alfonso V of Portugal crossed the border and declared Joan the rightful heir. Ferdinand beat the invaders back at the Battle of Toro in 1476, and the challenge to the crown of Castile was rejected. In a series of separate marches, Ferdinand and Isabella went on to subjugate renegade and rebellious towns, fortresses, and points of power that had developed over time. In 1479, Ferdinand's father died, establishing Ferdinand and Isabella as King and Queen of Aragon. In 1480, the couple assembled the Cortes of Toledo where, under their supervision, five royal councils and 34 civilian representatives produced a codex of laws and edicts as the legal groundwork for the future Spain. This established the centralization of power with the royals and set the basis for economic and judicial rehabilitat...
1492 was an important year for Isabella, seeing the conquest of Granada and hence the end of the 'Reconquista' (reconquest), her successful patronage of Christopher Columbus, and her expulsion of the Jews and Muslims.
Isabella had five children with Ferdinand: 1. Isabella of Asturias (October 1, 1470 - August 23, 1498)—first married Afonso of Portugal, and, after his death, Manuel I of Portugal; died in childbirth; her child died two years later. 2. John, Prince of Asturias (June 28, 1478 - October 4, 1497)—married Margaret of Austria (1480-1530), died after six months of marriage without offspring 3. Juana of Castile, "La Loca" (November 6, 1479 - April 13, 1555)—married Philip the Handsome 4. Maria of Aragon (June 29, 1482 - March 7, 1517)—married Manuel I of Portugalafter Isabella's death. 5. Catherine of Aragon (December 15, 1485 - January 7, 1536)—first married Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, and, after his death, his brother Henry VIII of England, King of England
Pope Alexander VIbestowed the title of "Reina Catolica" upon Isabella, a very religious person, and her husband. In spite of the honor, Isabella did not approve of this pope's secularism. Along with the physical unification of Spain, Isabella and Ferdinand embarked on a process of spiritual unification of the citizens of the country by trying to bring them under one faith (Roman Catholicism). As part of this process, the Inquisition became institutionalized. Isabella's confessor, Francisco Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros was named Archbishop of Toledo, Spain. He was instrumental in a program of rehabilitation of the religious institutions of Spain, laying the groundwork for the later Counter-Reformation. As Chancellor, he exerted more and more power. Isabella and her husband, who had created an empire, were in latter years consumed with administration and politics. They were worried about succession and worked to link the Spanish crown to the other rulers they favored in Europe through...
Isabella and Ferdinand began their marriage with a prenuptial agreement in place that established equality within the terms of their partnership. On this foundation, they built a highly effective coregency. During their reign, they supported each other in accordance with their joint motto: Tanto monta, monta tanto, Isabel como Fernando("They amount to the same, Isabella and Ferdinand"). Their achievements are remarkable. Spain was united. Under the crown, power was centralized. The reconquista was successfully concluded. A legal framework was created. The Catholic Church was reformed. Even without the benefit of the American expansion, Spain would have been a major European power. Columbus' discovery set the country on the course for the first modern world power. However, the dark side of their reign had long-term consequences. The Inquisition and its intolerant treatment of religious minorities was harsh and cruel. A negative historic model was set that continued to impact the cour...Miller, Townsend. The Castles and the Crown. Spain 1451-1555New York: Coward-McCann, New York, 1963 ASIN: B0007EABYYCarroll, Warren H. Isabel Of Spain: The Catholic Queen, Chicago, IL: Christendom Press, 2004 ISBN 0931888433Meyer, Carolyn. Isabel: Jewel of Castilla, Spain, 1466(The Royal Diaries)
All links retrieved March 6, 2018. 1. El obispo judío que bloquea a la "santa". A report in Spanish about the beatification at El Mundo. 2. Isabella I in the Catholic Encyclopedia 3. Medieval Sourcebook: Columbus' letter to King and Queen of Spain, 1494
Isabella I, byname Isabella the Catholic, Spanish Isabel la Católica, (born April 22, 1451, Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Castile—died November 26, 1504, Medina del Campo, Spain), queen of Castile (1474–1504) and of Aragon (1479–1504), ruling the two kingdoms jointly from 1479 with her husband, Ferdinand II of Aragon (Ferdinand V of Castile).
Isabella of Castile, Duchess of York (c. 1355 – 23 December 1392) was a daughter of King Peter of Castile and María de Padilla who was of Jewish descent.  She was a younger sister of Constance of Castille.
Sep 08, 2020 · English (default): Isabel de Castilla, Queen of Castile, Spanish: Isabel I «la Católica» de Castilla y León, reina de Castilla, Hebrew: איזבלה הראשונה דה קסטיליה, Queen of Castile
- Joanna of Castile, Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal, Catherine of Aragon
- John II of Castile, Isabella of Portugal, Queen of Castile
Jan 16, 2011 · When Isabella of Castile and Leon (1451- 1504) was born, no one ever imagined this princess would grow up not only to inherit the throne but became Spain's most accomplished Queen ever. Her marriage to Ferdinand of Aragon unified Spain. Together this remarkable couple turned a backwater nation into a world power.
Isabel is a Spanish historical fiction television series, directed by Jordi Frades and produced by Diagonal TV for Televisión Española. The series is based upon the reign of Queen Isabella I of Castile . 
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