Jadwiga was the daughter of Louis I, king of both Hungary and Poland, and Elizabeth of Bosnia. After Louis died on September 11, 1382, his elder daughter, Maria, was elected queen of Hungary, but the Poles opted to end the personal union between the two countries by choosing Jadwiga as their queen, though she was then but a child of nine years.
Polish Monarch, Roman Catholic Saint. She was slso known as Hedwig of Anjou. She was the youngest daughter of Louis I of Anjou, King of Poland and Hungary and his second wife Elisabeth of Bosnia. Louis had named his daughter Maria as his sole heir but the polish nobles choose Jadwiga as their monarch. She came to...
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Jadwiga was the youngest daughter of Louis I of Hungary and of Elizabeth of Bosnia. Jadwiga could claim descent from the House of Piast, the ancient native Polish dynasty on both her mother's and her father's side. Her paternal grandmother Elizabeth of Poland, Queen of Hungary was the daughter of King Władysław I the Elbow-high, who had reunited Poland in 1320. Jadwiga's great-grandmother was Elisabeth of Serbia, and as such Jadwiga had also Serbian Imperial ancestry to the House of Nemanjić. Jadwiga was brought up at the royal court in Buda and Visegrád, Hungary. In 1378, she was betrothed (sponsalia de futuro) to Habsburg scion William of Austria, and spent about a year at the imperial court in Vienna, Austria. Jadwiga's father Louis had, in 1364 in Kraków, during festivities known as the Days of Kraków, also made an arrangement with his former father-in-law, Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, to inter-marry their future children:Charles' son and future emperor, Sigismund of Luxemburg...
Until 1370, Poland had been ruled by the native Piast Dynasty. Its last king, Casimir III, had left no legitimate son and considered his male grandchildren either unsuited or too young to reign. He therefore decided that the surviving son of his sister Elizabeth, Louis I of Hungary, should succeed him. Louis was proclaimed king, while Elizabeth held much of the practical power until her death in 1380. When Louis died in 1382, the Hungarian throne was inherited by his eldest surviving daughter Mary, under the regency of their Bosnian mother. In Poland, however, the lords of Lesser Poland (Poland's virtual rulers) did not want to continue the personal union with Hungary, nor to accept as regent Mary's fiancé Sigismund, whom they expelled from the country. They therefore chose as their new monarch Mary's younger sister, Jadwiga. After two years' negotiations with Jadwiga's mother, Elizabeth of Bosnia, who was regent of Hungary, and a civil war in Greater Poland (1383), Jadwiga finally...
|date=}}On 22 June 1399 Jadvyga gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth Bonifacia. Within a month, both the girl and her mother had died from birth complications. They were buried together in Wawel Cathedral. Jadvyga's death undermined Jogaila's position as King of Poland, but he managed to retain the throne until his death 35 years later. It is not easy to state who was Jadvyga's heir in line of Poland, or Poland's rightful heir, since Poland had not used primogeniture, but kings had ascended by some sort of election. There were descendants of superseded daughters of Casimir III of Poland (d. 1370), such as his youngest daughter Anna, Countess of Celje (d. 1425 without surviving Issue), and her daughter Anna of Celje (1380–1416) whom Władysław II Jogaila married next. Anna had a daughter Jadvyga of Lithuania born in 1408 (the name Jadvyga (Jotvinga) originates from Lithuanian speaking people name Jotvingiai (they called themselves by ethnonime Dainaviai, i.e. singing people) who lived...
From the time of her death, Jadwiga was venerated widely in Poland as a saint, though she was only beatified by the church in the 1980s. She was canonized in 1997, by Polish-born Pope John Paul II. Numerous legends about miracles were recounted to justify her sainthood. The two best-known are those of "Jadwiga's cross" and "Jadwiga's foot." Jadwiga often prayed before a large black crucifix hanging in the north aisle of Wawel Cathedral. During one of these prayers, the Christon the cross is said to have spoken to her. The crucifix, "Saint Jadwiga's cross," is still there, with her relics beneath it. According to another legend, Jadwiga took a piece of jewelry from her foot and gave it to a poor stonemason who had begged for her help. When the King left, he noticed her footprint in the plaster floor of his workplace, even though the plaster had already hardened before her visit. The supposed footprint, known as "Jadwiga's foot", can still be seen in one of Kraków's churches. In yet a...History of Poland (966–1385)History of Poland (1385–1569)Armorial of the House Anjou-Sicily (French)House of Anjou-Sicily (French)
- Between 3 October 1373 and 18 February 1374
- Louis I
- 17 July 1399
- Władysław II Jagiełło
Jadwiga Capet-Anjou of Poland was born 1374 to Louis I of Hungary (1326-1382) and Elizabeth of Bosnia (c1339-1387) and died 17 July 1399 inKraków, Poland of childbirth. She married Wladyslaw II Jagiellon (c1362-1434) March 1386 JL in Kraków. Notable ancestors includeCharlemagne (747-814), Alfred the Great (849-899), Henry II of England (1133-1189), William I of England (1027-1087), Hugh ...
- Elizabeth of Bosnia (c1339-1387)
- Louis I of Hungary (1326-1382)
- Wladyslaw II Jagiellon (c1362-1434)
The most influential woman in Polish history, bar none, Queen Jadwiga of Poland reigned as the country’s first female monarch (formally holding the title of 'King') between 1384 and 1399. She took the throne at only ten years of age following the death of her father, Louis the Great - King of Hung
Oct 23, 2017 · Jadwiga of Poland was a very remarkable woman, and one who is sadly neglected by those in Western Europe. Living in the fourteenth century, she was the first female monarch of Poland – beating England by nearly 200 years – and despite leading a short life, she left a legacy that continues to today.
- Long May She Reign. Jadwiga’s reign as Queen of Poland lasted just under 15 years, from October 16, 1384 until her death at the tender age of 25.
- Welcome to the World. Jadwiga was born in the city of Buda (now part of Budapest), which used to be the capital of the Kingdom of Hungary. She was the third and youngest child of Elizabeth of Bosnia and Louis I, King of Hungary and Poland.
- High Prize Within the Patriarchy. Louis I, Jadwiga’s father, was a fierce warrior, but there was one battle he couldn’t win. Louis just couldn’t seem to produce a male heir.
- Tragedy in Childhood. Most people don’t realize that Jadwiga was never supposed to be Queen. Instead her older sister Catherine of Hungary should have inherited the throne.
Jadwiga (1373 – 17 July 1399), anglicized as Hedwig, was "King" of Poland from 1384 until her death. She leads the Poles in Civilization VI.. Jadwiga’s Poland is a flexible power that has strengths in both the military and religious arenas.
- Hedvig Rex Poloniae – and a Saint