James Hutton, Scottish geologist, chemist, naturalist, and originator of one of the fundamental principles of geology—uniformitarianism, which explains the features of the Earth’s crust by means of natural processes over geologic time.
- The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
James Hutton FRSE ( / ˈhʌtən /; 3 June O.S.  1726 – 26 March 1797) was a Scottish geologist, agriculturalist, chemical manufacturer, naturalist and physician.  Often referred to as the "Father of Modern Geology,"   he played a key role in establishing geology as a modern science.
James Hutton (1726–1797), a Scottish farmer and naturalist, is known as the founder of modern geology. He was a great observer of the world around him. More importantly, he made carefully reasoned geological arguments.
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James Hutton (1726 - 1797) is best known for his important contributions to the science of geology (uniformitarianism and the great age of the earth). However, Hutton was also the first person to propose a mechanism of natural selection to account for evolutionary change over time.
- Heather Scoville
- Early Life. James Hutton was born on June 3, 1726, in Edinburgh, Scotland, one of five children born to William Hutton...
- Education. At the young age of 14, Hutton was sent off to the University of Edinburgh to study Latin and other...
- Personal Life. While studying medicine at the University of Edinburgh, Hutton...
Farmer and naturalist James Hutton is credited with being the founder of modern geology. The first to determine that the Earth is millions of years old, Hutton believed our planet is continually being formed. Early years James Hutton was born in Edinburgh in 1726.