James Harold Doolittle (December 14, 1896 – September 27, 1993) was an American military general and aviation pioneer who received the Medal of Honor for his daring raids on Japan during World War II. He also made early coast-to-coast flights, won many flying races, and helped develop instrument flying.
General James Harold “Jimmy” Doolittle (1896-1993) was a pioneering pilot, aeronautical engineer, combat leader and military strategist whose career stretched from World War I to the height of the...
Sep 27, 1993 · Medal of Honor recipient, pioneering holder of speed records, leader of first aerial attack on the Japanese mainland, and famed World War II air commander. James Harold Doolittle was born in Alameda, Calif., in 1896.
Jimmy Doolittle, a very energetic man, decided that the B-25 crews would consist of five men: pilot, copilot, navigator, bombardier and engineer-gunner. Twenty-four B-25s and crews would be assigned to the mission from the three squadrons of the 17th Bomb Group and its associated 89th Reconnaissance Squadron, located at Pendleton, Ore.
James H. Doolittle, in full James Harold Doolittle, byname Jimmy Doolittle, (born Dec. 14, 1896, Alameda, Calif., U.S.—died Sept. 27, 1993, Pebble Beach, Calif.), American aviator and army general who led an air raid on Tokyo and other Japanese cities four months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
James Harold Doolittle or Jimmy Doolittle was an American General, aviator and pioneer who set many records in aviation history. He is best remembered for carrying out the famous Doolittle Raids during World War II. His father was a gold prospector who moved to Alaska during the gold rush.
- Early Life and Education
- Military Career
- Personal Life
- Awards and Achievements
- Illness and Death
Jimmy Doolittlewas raised in Nome, Alaska where he got the reputation as a boxer. His parents were Frank Henry Doolittle and Rosa Cerenah Shephard. He went to Los Angeles City College after graduating from Manual Arts High School in Los Angeles. He was later admitted to the University of California, Beverley where he studied in The School of Mines for one year. On October 1917, he enrolled as a flying cadet in the Signal Corp’s Aviation Section and trained at the School of Military Aeronautics, University of California and Rockwell Field, California. On March 11, 1918, he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Signal Corp’s Aviation Section.
Jimmy Doolittleworked at Camp Dick, Texas, Ohio, Wright Field, Gerstner Field and Los Angeles before going back to Rockwell Field. At Rockwell, he served primarily as the flight leader and gunnery instructor. He went for duty at Kelly Field, Texas with the 104th Aero Squadron before going on a border patrol duty at Eagle Pass, Texas with the 90th Squadron. Doolittle qualified by examination and was promoted to First Lieutenant, Air Service on July 1, 1920. In 1922, he got an accolade from the military for performing what was viewed as a “Transcontinental flight.” He flew a DH-4, fit with new navigational equipment from Pablo Beach to San Diego in 21 hours and 19 minutes making only one refueling stop at Kelly Field. Subsequently, he was given the Distinguished Flying Crossfor achieving this feat. Jimmy Doolittle entered Massachusetts Institute of Technology in March 1924. He enrolled for special engineering course and graduated the following year with a Master of Science degree. He...
Jimmy Doolittle married Josephine .E. Danielson December 24, 1917. They had two sons, James Jr. and John and like their father, they also became military officers and pilots. James Jr. served as a pilot in the United States Army Air Forces before committing suicide in 1958 at the age of 38 years. John, on the other hand, retired from the Air Force as Colonel.
While serving at the Naval Air Station in Washington DC, Jimmy Doolittle won the Schneider Cup Race,taking an average speed of 232 miles per hour. This competition was the World’s Series of seaplane racing. In 1928, he helped in the development of fog flying equipment. He was working at Mitchel Field at the time. The development of gyroscopes is also attributed to him. He set the world’s high- speed record for land planes in 1932 when he won the Bendix Trophy Race. On April 18, 1942, he commanded a bombing mission in Japan which boosted the morale of the United States during the Second World War. This was later called the Doolittle Raid. President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave him the Medal of Honorfor the presumed good job Japan. Jimmy Doolittle received several awards and honors following his services in the United States Air Force. He was awarded the Medal of Honor for planning and leading the Tokyo raid. In addition to this medal, he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Othe...
Jimmy Doolittle died on September 27, 1993,in Pebble Beach, California aged 96 years. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia next to his wife who had died five years earlier. He was indeed a legendary figure in aviation.
Dec 28, 2018 · The leader of the improbable raid was the legendary aviator and World War I pilot Lt. Col. James H. “Jimmy” Doolittle. Because the success of the raid depended entirely on the element of surprise, there was a code of silence so widespread that paper trails were often nonexistent and information cryptic.
It was Army Air Corps pilot, Col. Jimmy Doolittle, who came up with a truly bodacious, and some would say, crazy plan. He suggested launching huge, land-based B-25 bombers off of an aircraft carrier to attack the Imperial capital of the Japanese Empire, Tokyo. Most thought this would never work and if it did, it would be a suicide mission.
The raid was planned by, led by, and named after Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle, later a Lieutenant General in the U.S. Army Air Forces and the U.S. Air Force Reserve.
- 18 April 1942
- Greater Tokyo Area, Japan
- US propaganda victory; US and allies morale improved, Minor physical damages, significant psychological effects