Joan of England (22 July 1210 – 4 March 1238), was Queen consort of Scotland from 1221 until her death.   She was the third child of John, King of England  and Isabella of Angoulême . Joan of Englandhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_of_England,_Queen_of_Scotland
Joan of England (19 December 1333 or 28 January 1334 – 1 July 1348) was a daughter of Edward III and his wife, Philippa of Hainault. Joan, also known as Joanna, was born in the Tower of London. As a child she was placed in the care of Marie de St Pol, wife of Aymer de Valence and foundress of Pembroke College, Cambridge.
Joan of England(October 1165 – 4 September 1199) was a queen consortof Sicilyand countessconsort of Toulouse. She was the seventh child of Henry II, King of England, and Eleanor, Duchess of Aquitaine. From her birth, she was destined to make a political and royal marriage.
Joan of England, was Queen consort of Scotland from 1221 until her death. She was the third child of John, King of England and Isabella of Angoulême. Joan of England Queen consort of Scotland Tenure21 June 1221 – 4 March 1238 Born22 July 1210 Died4 March 1238 Havering-atte-Bower, England Burial Tarrant Abbey, Dorset Spouse Alexander II, King of Scots HousePlantagenet FatherJohn, King of England MotherIsabella of Angoulême
Joan was sought as a bride by Philip II of France for his son. In 1214, however, her father King John promised her in marriage to Hugh X of Lusignan, as compensation for his being jilted by her mother Isabella. She was promised Saintes, Saintonge and the Isle of Oléron as dowry, and was sent to her future spouse in that year to be brought up at his court until marriage. Hugh X laid claim on her dowry already prior to their marriage, but when this did not succeed, he reportedly became less eager
Henry III continued to honour Joan's memory for the rest of his life. Most dramatically, in late 1252, almost fourteen years after her death, Henry ordered the production of the image of a queen in marble for Joan's tomb, at the cost of 100s. This was one of the first funerary effigies of a queen in England; the tradition developed in the early thirteenth century, but the tombs of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Berengaria of Navarre were in France. Nothing now remains of this church; the last mention
Oct 21, 2015 · Joan of England was born in either 1333 or 1334 in the Tower of London to Edward III and Philippa of Hainault. In 1345 she was betrothed to Peter of Castile, and in the summer of 1348, Joan departed England with a heavily armed retinue. The fleet consisted of four English ships which departed from Portsmouth and arrived in Bordeaux.
Joan Plantagenet of England was born 22 July 1210 to John of England (1167-1216) and Isabelle of Angoulême (1186-1246) and died 4 March 1238 of unspecified causes. She married Alexander II of Scotland (1198-1249) 21 June 1221 JL in York Minster.
- 22 July 1210
- Isabelle of Angoulême (1186-1246)
- 4 March 1238
- Alexander II of Scotland (1198-1249)
Other articles where Joan of England is discussed: Richard I: Sicily: …imprisoned the late king’s wife, Joan of England (Richard’s sister), and denied her possession of her dower. By the Treaty of Messina Richard obtained for Joan her release and her dower, acknowledged Tancred as king of Sicily, declared Arthur of Brittany (Richard’s nephew) to be his own heir, and provided…
- The Jilted Bride
- Queen of Scots
- A Loving Brother
- Gone, But Not Forgotten
The new groom was Hugh of Lusignan, Count of La Marche in south-west France. Which is why, at the tender age of seven, Joan left England to join him. Her mother came with her, but not out of any particular maternal instinct. King John had died the previous year, 1216, leaving Isabelle a newly minted widow. The Queen saw no future for herself in England. She was never meant to go there in the first place. As a child, Isabelle was betrothed to the old Lord of Lusignan. Had King John not stepped in, that marriage would have gone ahead. But now John was dead; so was the old Count and his son (so nearly Isabelle’s stepson) was waiting to marry her daughter. Going back to Angoulême, where she was Countess in her own right, and Isabelle could be mistress in her own house – with the added bonus of little Joan as her new neighbour. The plan fell apart when Queen Isabelle arrived home, completely overshadowing her daughter. It didn’t take long for Hugh to realise he was wasting his time waiti...
In 1220, Queen Isabelle married her daughter’s fiancé – ostensibly to save little Joan from the perils of early marriage and childbearing. “God knows”, Isabelle wrote to her son Henry III in England “that we did this for your benefit rather than our own”. Outmanoeuvred, the English government resurrected the old plan to marry Joan off to Alexander, her first fiancé. The problem, of course, was that the bride was not to hand. No matter how much the government demanded Joan’s return, Hugh and Queen Isabelle held all the cards. They used the little princess as leverage to strike a good financial deal, and even then only handed her back when the Pope got involved. But Joan’s mother and new stepfather could not be persuaded to return her dowry, which stayed with them in France.
Back in England, Joan had a few months to get reacquainted with the rest of her family. Then she travelled north to meet Alexander, ten years her senior and King of Scots. The couple were married in York on 19 June 1221, with the English king paying for three days of celebrations. The marriage sealed the new friendship between the two kingdoms, with Joan at the heart of not one but two royal families. The Scottish chronicles described how their “lord king returned to his country a happy man with his wife”. While no one expected an eleven-year-old girl to produce a child, expectations were higher ten years on. We are told Joan had grown by then into “an adult of comely beauty”. But still, there was no child. This meant that Joan had no real ties to Scotland beyond her husband, and Alexander’s need for an heir was starting to put the marriage under strain.
Joan was very close to her brother King Henry III, who was only three years her senior, and he gave her the means to live independently in England as and when she wanted. Henry himself was married to Eleanor of Provence, although that marriage showed no sign of a child either. In late 1237, the two sisters in law went on a pilgrimage to Canterbury. Both young queens prayed for an heir. The difference was that Joan, of course, had no chance of conceiving when she was so far away from her husband – and she had critics even in England who thought it wrong for a wife to live so far from her husband. Even so, Queen Joan spent Christmas in England. Her family gave her new robes and wine for the festive season. She was preparing to return to her husband when she fell ill. Joan failed to recover and died on 4 March 1238 with her brothers at her side. She was only 27.
As Queen of Scotland, Joan’s body would normally be returned there for burial. But she asked for her body to go to Tarrant Abbey on the south coast of England (which is as far from Scotland as is geographically possible). The feeling was mutual and, not surprisingly, she was soon forgotten in her husband’s kingdom. Not so with the family-minded Henry, who kept Joan’s memory alive for the rest of his life. He gave 26 silk and gold cloths to churches across the kingdom in return for prayers for his sister’s soul; fed the poor in her name; and paid for the upkeep of Tarrant Abbey where a candle constantly burnt in front of her tomb. Fourteen years later, he also commissioned a marble effigy for Joan – a novelty for England at the time. Sadly, neither tomb or effigy have survived. 1 1. Works consulted:Jessica Nelson. A queen and sister: Joan, the wife of Alexander II of Scotland and sister of Henry III of England. Henry III Fine Rolls Project. May 2011. Online at: http://www.finerollshe...
Joan of Navarre, French Jeanne de Navarre, (born c. 1370—died July 9, 1437, Havering atte Bowe, Essex, Eng.), the wife of Henry IV of England and the daughter of Charles the Bad, king of Navarre.
Mar 04, 2020 · Martyr, saint and military leader Joan of Arc, acting under divine guidance, led the French army to victory over the English during the Hundred Years' War. Who Was Joan of Arc? A national heroine...