Joan married John V, Duke of Brittany, in 1396. Three years after the wedding, her spouse became duke and she duchess of Brittany. As duchess, Joan is perhaps most known for her role during the conflict between John V and the Counts of Penthièvre. The Penthièvre branch had lost the Breton War of Succession in the 1340s.
Roman Catholicism. Joan of Penthièvre or Joan the Lame ( French: Jeanne de Penthièvre, Jeanne la Boiteuse; c. 1319 – 10 September 1384) reigned as Duchess of Brittany together with her husband, Charles of Blois, between 1341 and 1364. Her ducal claims were contested by the House of Montfort, which prevailed only after an extensive civil war ...
Joan of France (24 January 1391 – 27 September 1433) was Duchess of Brittany through her marriage to John V. She was a daughter of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria. Life. Joan married John V, Duke of Brittany in 1396. Three years after the wedding, her spouse became duke and she duchess of Brittany.
Joan of France, Duchess of Brittany. Joan of France (French: Jeanne; 24 January 1391 – 27 September 1433) was Duchess of Brittany by marriage to John V. Read more on Wikipedia. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joan of France, Duchess of Brittany has received more than 50,348 page views.
- Early Life
- War of The Breton Succession
- Later Life
Joan was the only daughter of Guy, Count of Penthièvre (brother of John III, Duke of Brittany), and Jeanne d'Avaugour. Through her father she became Countess of Penthièvre in her own right, and established her ducal claims.
Joan was one of the protagonists of the War of the Breton Succession. The issue of succession to the ducal crown would involve the issue of whether a child could, regardless of gender, claim the right of "representation" of a deceased parent — in which case Joan would inherit her father's rights as the second brother of the late duke — or whether the next eldest male heir in a partially collineal line outranked all others. In the Breton succession, the collateral claimant was Joan's half-uncle John of Montfort, born from the second marriage of Arthur II, Duke of Brittany, to Yolande of Dreux. John III had been alienated from Yolande, his stepmother, and sought to prevent his half-brother from succeeding him, including an abortive attempt to annul his father's second marriage and so render his half-siblings illegitimate.[a] In 1337, Joan married Charles of Blois in Paris. In 1341, on the death of John III, the couple assumed the rule...
The contest between the two claimants was then settled in 1365 by the First Treaty of Guérande; by its terms, Joan received a substantial pension (payments of which continued until 1372) in compensation for her claims, the right to maintain the ducal title for life, all her familial lands of Penthièvre and Avaugour, and an exemption from homage to the new duke for these territories. Most critically for future events, her male heirs would recover the duchy if John IV had no male posterity, and women were now formally prohibited from inheriting the duchy. In 1379, when John IV had been forced into exile in England, King Charles V of Franceattempted to annex Brittany to the French royal domain. Joan was shocked by this violation of her rights and those of her sons, as laid out in the Treaty of Guérande. Both her supporters and those of the Montfort line united to invite John IV back from his exile in England and retake control of the duch...
Joan died on 10 September 1384 and was buried at the church of the Friars Minor of Guingamp. Joan had lost the ducal title and powers of Brittany for her descendants, and despite attempts to reclaim the ducal crown this loss was permanent. However, her descendants were appointed from time to time to high administrative posts in Brittany under the future kings of France. Her title and rights as Countess of Penthièvre were inherited only to be lost from time to time to the Duke of Brittany as her descendants continued their conflicts with the House of Montfort.
Joan and Charles had the following children: 1. Marguerite, married in 1351 Charles de la Cerda(d. 1354) 2. Marie (c.1340–1404), Lady of Guise, married in 1360 Louis I, Duke of Anjou 3. John I, Count of Penthièvre (1345–1404)- also known as John of Blois 4. Guy (d. 1385) 5. Henry (d. 1400) 6. Charles (d. before 1364)Jones, Michael, ed. (1972). Some Documents Relating to the Disputed Succession of the Duchy of Brittany, 1341. Royal Historical Society.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)Prestwich, Michael (1993). The Three Edwards: War and State in England, 1272-1377. Routledge.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)Rogers, Clifford J. (2005). "Sir Thomas Dagworth in Brittany, 1346-1347: Restellou and La Roche Derrien". In DeVries, Kelly; Rogers, Clifford J. (eds.). The Journal of Medieval Military History. II...Sumption, Jonathan (1990). The Hundred Years War:Trial by Battle. I. Faber & Faber.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Death and legacy
- Later life
Joan of France was born on 23 April 1464 as the second daughter of Louis XI of France and Charlotte of Savoy. Shortly after she was born, it was agreed that she should marry her fathers second cousin, the Duke of Orléans who would become Louis XII of France.
At the age of 12, Joan was married to the Duke of Orléans in Montrichard. Her father died in 1483, and he was succeeded by Joans only brother Charles (VIII). Her older sister Anne became regent as Charles was still a child.
Charles died in an accident at the age of 27 in 1498. All of his children with Anne of Brittany died at birth or shortly after. He was therefore succeeded by his brother-in-law, Joans husband, Louis.
Unfortunately, the pope was not a neutral party in this case, and he granted the annulment. Joan was made Duchess of Berry, and she retired to Bourges.
Joan turned to the spiritual life. She made plans for the Order of the Virgin Mary, dedicated to the Immaculate Conception of Mary. She was committed to the order on 21 November 1504. She died there on 4 February 1505 and was buried in the chapel. She was only 40 years old.In 1562 her grave was desecrated by Huguenots during the sack of Bourges.
After miracles and healings had been attributed to her, she was beatified in 1742 and canonised in 1950. She is now known as Saint Joan of Valois.
May 01, 2017 · Joan of Navarre, Duchess of Brittany and Queen of England (from 1386 to 1437) Duchess of Brittany Joan of Navarre (born in July 1370, daughter of the King of Navarre, Charles the Bad and Joan of France), third wife of Duke John IV, mother of John V and Arthur of Richemont, became regent of Brittany following the death of her husband in 1399.