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  1. John, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John,_Duke_of_Brunswick...

    John's father, Otto the Child, was the first Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, having received the Welf allodial possessions in Saxony from the hands of Emperor Frederick II. After his death in 1252, John ruled the duchy jointly with his elder brother Albert.

    • c. 1242
    • 1269 – 1277
    • 13 December 1277 (aged 34–35)
    • St. Michael's Church, Lüneburg
  2. John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Calenberg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Frederick,_Duke_of...

    John Frederick (German: Johann Friedrich; 25 April 1625 in Herzberg am Harz – 18 December 1679 in Augsburg) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.He ruled over the Principality of Calenberg, a subdivision of the duchy, from 1665 until his death.

  3. John Frederick | duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/John-Frederick-duke...

    Other articles where John Frederick is discussed: Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz: The Hanoverian period: …position in the employment of John Frederick, the duke of Braunschweig-Lüneburg. John Frederick, a convert to Catholicism from Lutheranism in 1651, had become duke of Hanover in 1665. He appointed Leibniz librarian, but, beginning in February 1677, Leibniz solicited the post of councillor ...

  4. John, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg | Historipedia Official Wiki ...

    historipediaofficial.wikia.org/wiki/John,_Duke...

    John of Brunswick (6 April 1253 – 13 December 1277), a member of the House of Plantagenet, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1252 until his death. He initially reigned jointly with his brother, Albert the Tall , until the partition of the duchy in 1269, when John became the first ruler of the newly created Principality of Lüneburg .

    • St. Michael's Church, Lüneburg
    • Empress Bathila
    • Conrad III, Holy Roman Emperor
    • 1269 – 1277
  5. John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg | Religion-wiki ...

    religion.wikia.org/wiki/John_Frederick,_Duke_of...

    John Frederick (German: Johann Friedrich; 25 April 1625, Herzberg am Harz – 18 December 1679, Augsburg) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Calenberg subdivision of the duchy from 1665 until his death. The third son of George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, John converted to the Roman Catholic Church as the only member of his family in 1651. He received Calenberg when his elder ...

  6. Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_of_Brunswick-Lüneburg
    • Overview
    • History
    • History of the subordinate principalities
    • Duchy of Brunswick

    The Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, or more properly the Duchy of Brunswick and Lüneburg, was a historical duchy that existed from the late Middle Ages to the Early Modern era within the Holy Roman Empire. The duchy was located in what is now northwestern Germany. Its name came from the two largest cities in the territory: Brunswick and Lüneburg. The dukedom emerged in 1235 from the allodial lands of the House of Welf in Saxony and was granted as an imperial fief to Otto the Child, a...

    When the imperial ban was placed on Henry the Lion in 1180, he lost his titles as Duke of Saxony and Duke of Bavaria. He went into exile for several years, but was then allowed to stay on the estates inherited from his mother's side until the end of his life. At the Imperial Diet of 1235 in Mainz, as part of the reconciliation between the Hohenstaufen and Welf families, Henry's grandson, Otto the Child, transferred his estates to Emperor Frederick II and was enfeoffed in return with the newly cr

    The subsequent history of the dukedom and its subordinate principalities was characterised by numerous divisions and reunifications. The subordinate states that were repeatedly created, and which had the legal status of principalities, were generally named after the residence of their rulers. The estates of the different dynastic lines could be inherited by a side line when a particular family died out. For example, over the course of the centuries there were the Old, Middle and New Houses of Br

    The Wolfenbüttel Line retained its independence, except from 1807 to 1813, when it and Hanover were merged into the Napoleonic Kingdom of Westphalia. The Congress of Vienna of 1815 turned it into an independent state under the name Duchy of Brunswick. The Duchy remained independent and joined first the North German Confederation and in 1871 the German Empire. When the main line of descent became extinct in 1884, the German Emperor withheld the rightful heir, the Crown Prince of Hanover ...

  7. Johann I von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (Von Brunswick-Lüneburg ...

    www.geni.com/people/Johann-I-von-Braunschweig...

    Mar 19, 2018 · John of Lüneburg (c. 1242 – 13 December 1277) was a German duke. He and his brother Albert were jointly the second Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg until the partition of the duchy, and John was the first ruler of the newly-created Principality of Lüneburg.

  8. Duchy of Brunswick - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Brunswick

    After several early divisions, Brunswick-Lüneburg re-unified under Duke Magnus II (d. 1373). Following his death, his three sons jointly ruled the Duchy. After the murder of their brother Frederick I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, brothers Bernard and Henry redivided the land, Henry receiving the territory of Wolfenbüttel. House of Brunswick

  9. George, Duke of Brunswick-Calenberg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George,_Duke_of_Brunswick...

    George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (17 February 1582, Celle – 12 April 1641, Hildesheim), ruled as Prince of Calenberg from 1635.. George was the sixth son of William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1535–1592) and Dorothea of Denmark (1546–1617).

    • 17 February 1582, Celle
    • Hanover (founder)
  10. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_I,_Duke_of_Brunswick...

    Ernest of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Ernst der Bekenner) (27 June 1497 – 11 January 1546), also frequently called Ernest the Confessor, was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and a champion of the Protestant cause during the early years of the Protestant Reformation.

    • 11 January 1546 (aged 48)
    • 27 June 1497, Uelzen
    • Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
    • Guelph
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