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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › John_HunyadiJohn Hunyadi - Wikipedia

    John Hunyadi (Hungarian: Hunyadi János, Croatian: Janko Hunjadi, Serbian: Сибињанин Јанко, romanized: Sibinjanin Janko, Romanian: Ioan de Hunedoara; c. 1406 – 11 August 1456) was a leading Hungarian military and political figure in Central and Southeastern Europe during the 15th century.

    • Erzsébet Morzsinai
    • Voyk
  2. János Hunyadi, English John Hunyadi or John Huniades, (born 1407?, Hunyad, Transylvania—died August 11,1456, Belgrade), Hungarian general and governor of the kingdom of Hungary from 1446 to 1452, who was a leading commander against the Turks in the 15th century.

    • Origin
    • Rise
    • Regent of The Kingdom of Hungary
    • Legacy
    • Referencesisbn Links Support Nwe Through Referral Fees

    John was born into a noble family in 1387 (or 1400 according to some sources) as the son of Vojk (Voicu), a boyar from Wallachia and Erzsébet Morzsinay the daughter of a Hungarian noble family. John's grandfather was named Sorb (also spelled as Serbu or Serbe), a Romanian Knyaz from the Banate of Szörény (Severin). An alternative theory states that...

    With Sigismund and in the disputed elections

    While still a youth, the younger John Hunyadi entered the retinue of Sigismund, who appreciated his qualities. (He also was the King's creditor on several occasions.) He accompanied the monarch to Frankfurt, in Sigismund's quest for the Imperial crown in 1410, took part in the Hussite Wars in 1420, and in 1437 drove the Ottomans from Semendria. For these services he received numerous estates and a seat in the royal council. In 1438 King Albert II made Hunyadi Ban of Severin. Lying south of th...

    First battles of the Balkans

    The burden of the Ottoman War now rested with him. In 1441 he delivered Serbia by the victory of Semendria. In 1442, not far from Nagyszeben, on which he had been forced to retire, he annihilated an immense Ottoman presence, and recovered for Hungary the suzerainty of Wallachia. In February 1450, he signed an alliance treaty with Bogdan II of Moldavia. In July, he vanquished a third Turkish army near the Iron Gates. These victories made Hunyadi a prominent enemy of the Ottomans and renowned t...

    Battle of Varna

    Two days later Cesarini received tidings that a fleet of Venetian galleys had set off for the Bosporus to prevent Murad (who, crushed by his recent disasters, had retired to Anatolia) from recrossing into Europe, and the cardinal reminded the King that he had sworn to cooperate by land if the western powers attacked the Ottomans by sea. In July the Hungarian army recrossed the frontier and advanced towards the Black Sea coast in order to march to Constantinopleescorted by the galleys. Brankov...

    Brief personal rule

    At the diet which met in February 1445 a provisional government consisting of five Captain Generals was formed, with Hunyadi receiving Transylvania and four counties bordering on the Tisza, called the Partium or Körösvidék, to rule. As the anarchy resulting from the division became unmanageable, Hunyadi was elected regent of Hungary (Regni Gubernator) on June 5, 1446, in the name of Ladislaus V and given the powers of a regent. His first act as regent was to proceed against the German king Fr...

    Belgrade campaign and death

    Meanwhile, the Ottoman issue had again become acute, and, after the fall of Constantinople in 1453, it seemed natural that Sultan Mehmed II was rallying his resources in order to subjugate Hungary. His immediate objective was Belgrade. Hunyadi arrived at the siege of Belgrade at the end of 1455, after settling differences with his domestic enemies. At his own expense, he restocked the supplies and arms of the fortress, leaving in it a strong garrison under the command of his brother-in-law Mi...

    The rise of nationalism has led to hero images of John Hunyadi in the discourse of several local nationalities—each in its own way has claimed him as their own. Along with his son Matthias Corvinus, John has acquired a presence in modern Romania's political culture (images that focus on the Vlach origin rather than their careers within Hungary or o...

    This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. 1. Engel, Pál. 2001. The realm of St. Stephen: a history of medieval Hungary, 895-1526. London, UK: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 9781860640612 2. France, John. 2005. The Crusades and the expansion of Catholic Christendom, 1000-1714. London...

  3. Jun 11, 2018 · John Hunyadi (1385?-1456) was regent of Hungary, 1446-1452, and commander of the Hungarian army, 1452-1456. A national hero, he led the struggle against the Ottoman Turks. John Hunyadi spent his youth at the court of the emperor Sigismund, and he distinguished himself in arms from an early age.

    • Who Was John Hunyadi?
    • Hunyadi's Rise
    • Governor of Hungary
    • Last Victories
    • Memory
    • Sources

    Starting with the 14th century, a new power rose in the Eastern Mediterranean, a power that, by the end of the 14th century, became the strongest state in Anatolia and the Balkans. I am, of course, referring to the rising Ottoman Empire. Worried by the rapid Ottoman conquests, the Pope, French nobles and King Sigismund of Hungary led a Crusade to t...

    When Sigismund died, Hunyadi served his successor Albert until Albert died in 1439. Hunyadi did not support his infant son to succeed Albert but rather backed Wladylslaw of Poland. It was in the service of Wladyslaw that Hunyadi rose to prominence, and he played a crucial role in defeating Wladyslaw’s enemies, for which he was rewarded by becoming ...

    Following Wladylaw’s death, the Hungarians chose to accept Albert’s son, Ladislaus as their king, but Ladislaus was still only a boy and under the guardianship of Frederick III of Austria. Thus, Hunyadi was elected as the governor of Hungary until Ladislaus came of age. In the following years, he continued his fight against the Ottomans. He invaded...

    Between 1453 and 1456, Hunyadi made peace with some of his chief rivals and mutually promised to aid one another to oppose King Ladislaus naming foreigners into the leading positions of the government of the country. Hunyadi also made peace with Ulrich of Celje, another very powerful nobleman, and his younger son Matthias married Ulrich’s daughter ...

    Thanks to his relentless resistance against the expansion of the Ottomans, John Hunyadi is today remembered as a great hero in both Hungary and Romania, both countries claiming him as their own.

    Imber, Colin (2009). The Ottoman Empire, 1300–1650: The Structure of Power(2 ed.). Palgrave Macmillan. Engel, Pál (2001). The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895–1526. I.B. Tauris. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qu...

  4. The Hunyadi family was one of the most powerful noble families in the Kingdom of Hungary during the 15th century. A member of the family, Matthias Corvinus, was King of Hungary from 1458 until 1490, King of Bohemia from 1469 until 1490, and Duke of Austria from 1487 until 1490. His illegitimate son, John Corvinus, ruled the Duchy of Troppau from 1485 until 1501, and five further Silesian duchies, including Bytom, Głubczyce, Loslau, Racibórz, and Tost, from 1485 until 1490. The Hunyadi coat ...

  5. John Hunyadi, the White Knight of Wallachia, was born in the year 1407. He was a mighty Catholic warrior who led the forces of the Kingdom of Hungary to halt the advances of the Ottoman Empire into Christendom. A military genius, his entire life was spent in this noble cause. He is one of the great Defenders of Christendom.

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