Yahoo Web Search

  1. About 12,100,000 search results

  1. Nov 9, 2009 · The English philosopher and political theorist John Locke (1632-1704) laid much of the groundwork for the Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism. Trained in...

  2. Apr 2, 2014 · Influential philosopher and physician John Locke, whose writings had a significant impact on Western philosophy, was born on August 29, 1632, in Wrington, a village in the English county of...

    • Historical Background and Locke’s Life
    • The Limits of Human Understanding
    • Locke’s Major Works on Education
    • The Two Treatises of Government
    • Locke and Religious Toleration

    John Locke (1632–1704) was one of the greatest philosophers inEurope at the end of the seventeenth century. Locke grew up and livedthrough one of the most extraordinary centuries of English politicaland intellectual history. It was a century in which conflicts betweenCrown and Parliament and the overlapping conflicts betweenProtestants, Anglicans a...

    Locke is often classified as the first of the great Englishempiricists (ignoring the claims of Bacon and Hobbes). This reputationrests on Locke’s greatest work, the monumental An EssayConcerning Human Understanding. Locke explains his project inseveral places. Perhaps the most important of his goals is todetermine the limits of human understanding....

    Locke’s Some Thoughts Concerning Education and hisConduct of the Understanding form a nice bridge betweenAn Essay Concerning Human Understandingand his politicalworks. Ruth Grant and Nathan Tarcov write in the introduction to theiredition of these works: Some Thoughts Concerning Education was first published in1693. This book collected together adv...

    Lord Shaftsbury had been dismissed from his post as Lord Chancellor in1673 and had become one of the leaders of the opposition party, theCountry Party. In 1679 the chief issue was the attempt by the CountryParty leaders to exclude James, Duke of York from succeeding hisbrother Charles II to the throne. They wanted to do this because Jameswas a Cath...

    The issue of religious toleration was of widespread interest in Europein the seventeenth century, largely because religious intolerance withaccompanying violence was so pervasive. The Reformation had splitEurope into competing religious camps, and this provoked civil warsand massive religious persecutions. John Marshall, in his massive studyJohn Lo...

  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › John_LockeJohn Locke - Wikipedia

    John Locke FRS ( / lɒk /; 29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "father of liberalism ". [14] [15] [16] Considered one of the first of the British empiricists, following the tradition of Francis Bacon, Locke is equally important to social contract theory.

    • Life and Works
    • The Main Project of The Essay
    • Special Topics in The Essay
    • Political Philosophy
    • Theology
    • Education
    • Locke’s Influence
    • References and Further Reading

    John Locke was born in 1632 in Wrington, a small village in southwestern England. His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War. His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing. Locke spent his childhood in the West Country and as a teenager was s...

    According to Locke’s own account the motivation for writing the Essay came to him while debating an unrelated topic with friends. He reports that they were able to make little headway on this topic and that they very quickly met with a number of confusions and difficulties. Locke realized that to make progress on this topic it was first necessary t...

    As discussed above, the main project of the Essay is an examination of the human understanding and an analysis of knowledge. But the Essay is a rather expansive work and contains discussion of many other topics of philosophical interest. Some of these will be discussed below. A word of warning, however, is required before proceeding. It can sometim...

    Locke lived during a very eventful time in English politics. The Civil War, Interregnum, Restoration, Exclusion Crisis, and Glorious Revolution all happened during his lifetime. For much of his life Locke held administrative positions in government and paid very careful attention to contemporary debates in political theory. So it is perhaps unsurpr...

    We have already seen that in the Essay Locke developed an account of belief according to faith and belief according to reason. Recall that an agent believes according to reason when she discovers something through the use of her natural faculties and she believes according to faith when she takes something as truth because she understands it to be ...

    Locke was regarded by many in his time as an expert on educational matters. He taught many students at Oxford and also served as a private tutor. Locke’s correspondence shows that he was constantly asked to recommend tutors and offer pedagogical advice. Locke’s expertise led to his most important work on the subject: Some Thoughts Concerning Educat...

    The Essay was quickly recognized as an important philosophical contribution both by its admirers and by its critics. Before long it had been incorporated into the curriculum at Oxford and Cambridge and its translation into both Latin and French garnered it an audience on the Continent as well. The Two Treatiseswere also recognized as important cont...

    a. Locke’s Works

    1. Laslett, P. [ed.] 1988. Two Treatises of Government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2. Locke, J. 1823. The Works of John Locke. London: Printed for T. Tegg (10 volumes). 3. Locke, J. The Clarendon Edition of the Works of John Locke, Oxford University Press, 2015. This edition includes the following volumes: 4. Nidditch, P. [ed.] 1975. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. 5. Nidditch, P. and G.A.J. Rogers [eds.] 1990. Drafts for the Essay Concerning Human Understanding. 6. Yolto...

    b. Recommended Reading

    The following are recommendations for further reading on Locke. Each work has a brief statement indicating the contents 1. Anstey, P. 2011. John Locke & Natural Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2. A thorough examination of Locke’s scientific and medical thinking. 3. Ayers, M. 1993. Locke: Epistemology and Ontology. New York: Routledge. 4. A classic in Locke studies. Explores philosophical topics in the Essayand discusses Locke’s project as a whole. One volume on epistemology and o...

    Author Information

    Patrick J. Connolly Email: pac317@lehigh.edu Lehigh University U. S. A.

  4. Apr 2, 2014 · Name: John Locke Birth Year: 1632 Birth date: August 29, 1632 Birth City: Wrington Birth Country: United Kingdom Gender: Male Best Known For: English philosopher John Locke's works lie at the...

  1. People also search for