John Rolfe (1585–1622) was one of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Rolfe
John Rolfe (1585–1622) was one of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia.
John Rolfe, (baptized May 6, 1585, Norfolk, England—died 1622?, Virginia [U.S.]), Virginia planter and colonial official who was the husband of Pocahontas, daughter of the Indian chief Powhatan. John Rolfe sailed for Virginia in 1609, but a shipwreck in the Bermudas delayed his arrival until the following year.
Sep 25, 2018 · John Rolfe (1585–1622) was a British colonist of the Americas. He was an important figure in Virginia politics and an entrepreneur who played a significant role in founding the Virginia tobacco trade. However, he is best known as the man who married Pocahontas, the daughter of Powhatan, head of the Powhatan confederacy of Algonquin tribes.
John Rolfe (1585-1622) was an English colonist who settled in Jamestown, Va., and pioneered in the cultivation of tobacco. John Rolfe was born in the spring of 1585, the descendant of an old Norfolk family. His emigration to Virginia in 1609 was interrupted by a shipwreck on the newly discovered island of Bermuda.
John Rolfe John Rolfe stepped into history in May 1609 when he boarded the Sea Venture bound for Virginia. The Sea Venture was the flagship of a convoy of 500 new settlers including William Strachey, future Secretary for the colony. In July a massive hurricane scattered the fleet, and the Sea Venture ran aground just off the Bermudas.
John Rolfe played a pivotal role in the early development of the American colonies. His success as a farmer had significant financial impact, and his marriage to Pocahontas solidified shaky relations with local Indians for several years.
- Later life
In May 1607, about 100 English colonists settled along the James River in Virginia to found Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in America. The settlers fared badly because of famine, disease, and Indian attacks, but were aided by 27-year-old English adventurer John Smith, who directed survival efforts and mapped the area. While exploring the Chickahominy River in December 1607, Smith and two colonists were captured by Powhatan warriors. At the time, the Powhatan confederacy consisted of around 30 Tidewater-area tribes led by Chief Wahunsonacock, known as Chief Powhatan to the English. Smiths companions were killed, but he was spared and released, (according to a 1624 account by Smith) because of the dramatic intercession of Pocahontas, Chief Powhatans 13-year-old daughter. Her real name was Matoaka, and Pocahontas was a pet name that has been translated variously as playful one and my favorite daughter.
In the spring of 1613, English Captain Samuel Argall took Pocahontas hostage, hoping to use her to negotiate a permanent peace with her father. Brought to Jamestown, she was put under the custody of Sir Thomas Gates, the marshal of Virginia. Gates treated her as a guest rather than a prisoner and encouraged her to learn English customs. She converted to Christianity and was baptized Lady Rebecca. Powhatan eventually agreed to the terms for her release, but by then she had fallen in love with John Rolfe, who was about 10 years her senior. On April 5, 1614, Pocahontas and John Rolfe married with the blessing of Chief Powhatan and the governor of Virginia. Their marriage brought a peace between the English colonists and the Powhatans, and in 1615 Pocahontas gave birth to their first child, Thomas. In 1616, the couple sailed to England. The so-called Indian Princess proved popular with the English gentry, and she was presented at the court of King James I. In March 1617, Pocahontas and Rolfe prepared to sail back to Virginia. However, the day before they were to leave, Pocahontas died, probably of smallpox, and was buried at the parish church of St. George in Gravesend, England.
John Rolfe returned to Virginia and was killed in an Indian massacre in 1622. After an education in England, their son Thomas Rolfe returned to Virginia and became a prominent citizen. John Smith returned to the New World in 1614 to explore the New England coast. On another voyage of exploration in 1614, he was captured by pirates but escaped after three months of captivity. He then returned to England, where he died in 1631.
Oct 10, 2020 · John Rolfe was one of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia and is known as the husband of Pocahontas, daughter of the chief of the Powhatan.
- John Rolfe’s Life Before The New World
- John Rolfe and Pocahontas
- Life For John Rolfe After Pocahontas
There is very little concrete information regarding John Rolfe’s early life. Historians estimate he was born around 1585 in Norfolk, England, while not much else is known about Rolfe’s life between then and 1609, when he and his wife boarded the Sea Venture as part of a convoy carrying 500 settlers to the New World. Although the ship was bound for Virginia, it was blown off course by a hurricane that forced Rolfe and the other survivors to spend ten months on Bermuda. Although Rolfe’s wife an...
The English settlers at Jamestown were obviously the first Europeans that the Native Americans who inhabited the area had ever seen. And Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, was about 11 years old in 1607 when she first met an Englishman, Captain John Smith — not to be confused with John Rolfe — who had been captured by her uncle. Although the iconic story that followed is impossible to verify (because only Smith’s account exists to describe it), Pocahontas became famous when she supposedl...
John Rolfe then left his son Thomas in the care of relatives and returned to Virginia, where he served in the colonial government. Rolfe then married again in 1619 to Jane Pierce, the daughter of an English colonist and the pair had a child the following year. Meanwhile, the peace created by the marriage of John Rolfe and Pocahontas had slowly begun unraveling with the death of Chief Powhatan in 1618. By 1622, the tribes had led a full-blown assault on the colonists that resulted in the death...
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