Judith (925 – 29 June after 985), a member of the Luitpolding dynasty, was Duchess consort of Bavaria from 947 to 955, by her marriage with Duke Henry I. After her husband's death, she acted as regent of Bavaria during the minority of her son Henry the Wrangler in 955-972.
- Early life
- Marriage and queenship
- The Civil War
- Later life
Queen Judith, also known as Judith of Bavaria, was the daughter of Count Welf of Bavaria and Saxon noblewoman, Hedwig. She was the second wife of Louis the Pious, Carolingian emperor and king of the Franks, which brought her the titles of queen and empress. Marriage to Louis marked the beginning of her rise as an influential figure in the Carolingian court. She had two children with Louis, a daughter Gisela and a son, Charles the Bald. The birth of her son led to a major dispute over the imperia
No surviving sources provide a record of Judith’s exact date and year of birth. Judith was probably born around 797 Most girls in the Carolingian world were married in adolescence, with twelve years as the minimum age, though her marriage to the 41 year old King Louis ...
Judith was the daughter of the noble Saxon Heilwig and Count Welf I, and belonged to the ancestor of the kin-group known to historians as the Welfs. Though the Welf clan was noble, they were not part of the '"Imperial Aristocracy'" that dominated high office throughout the Caroli
After the death on 3 October 818 of Louis' first wife Queen Ermengard, mother of his sons Louis the German, Peppin and Lothar, Louis was urged by his counselors to remarry. Shortly after Christmas in 819 he married Judith in Aachen. Like many of the royal marriages of the time Ju
Judith married Louis in 819 in Aachen. It was not uncommon that brides were given some form of dowry upon marrying into royalty. Judith's marriage was no exception to this practice and she received, according to sources, the monastery San Salvatore, which was located in Brescia.
In later Carolingian societies the act of coronation was closely tied with the marriage. It was only upon the completion of the marriage that queenhood and thus legitimacy was bestowed. When Louis married his first wife Ermengard in 794, she was crowned and called "Augusta", a ti
On 9 April 817 a timber roof collapsed on Louis and his men in Aachen. The event shocked Louis and led the emperor to reconsider the distribution of his power and succession for his heirs. The ordinatio Imperii was a reconfiguration and re-imagining of in the division of Charlema
Most information on Judith surrounds the activities for her son and her attempts to ensure his succession to the throne. Their political futures depended on each other; if Judith were widowed, her future as an empress could potentially be threatened by stepsons that no longer had
However, the rise of Judith’s power, influence and activity in the court sparked resentment towards her. Agobard of Lyons, a supporter of Lothar, wrote two tracts Two Books in Favor of the Sons and against Judith the Wife of Louis in 833. These tracts were meant as ...
In 833 Louis heard news of his sons, Pippin, Lothar and Louis the German, allying in order to orchestrate a revolt against him. Louis failed to prevent the revolt and was overthrown, resulting in Lothar seizing power. For Judith the coup resulted in her exile in Italy at the civi
Louis died in 840 at his palace in Ingelheim, leaving Judith a widow. She, however, continued to support her son Charles in his military campaigns and endeavours, gathering troops from Aquentine in 841. In April of that same year Charles received his crown and all of his royal at
Charles married Ermentrude in 842 and fathered a daughter, Judith of Flanders, in 844, named after his mother. This marriage, however, proved futile for Judith's career, power and influence. With the introduction of a new queen Judith became of ex officio importance, resulting in
- First marriage
- Second marriage
Judith of Flanders was, by her successive marriages to Tostig Godwinson and Welf I, Countess of Northumbria and Duchess of Bavaria. She was the owner of many books and illuminated manuscripts, which she bequeathed to Weingarten Abbey.
Judith was born between 1030 and 1035 in Bruges, the only child of Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders by his second wife, Eleanor of Normandy, who was herself, the daughter of Richard II of Normandy and Judith of Brittany. Judith had an older half-brother, Baldwin V, Count of Flanders, who succeeded their father upon his death which had occurred when Judith was about two years old. Judith's niece was Matilda of Flanders who married William, the first Norman king of England, known to history as "Willi
On an unknown date before September 1051, she married her first husband, Tostig Godwinson, brother of King Harold II of England. In September 1051, Judith was forced to flee England for Bruges, along with her husband and in-laws after Tostig joined his father's armed rebellion against King Edward the Confessor; however, they returned home the following year. He was created Earl of Northumbria in 1055, making Judith the Countess of Northumbria, from that date onwards. His distinguished marriage t
In 1071, when she was 38 years of age, she married her second husband, Welf I, Duke of Bavaria, who had divorced his first wife, Ethelinde of Northeim in 1070. Upon her marriage, she became Duchess of Bavaria; however in 1077, her husband was deprived of his title, and did not regain it until 1096, a year after her death.
On 12 March 1094 Judith and her husband listed donations to the family monastery at Weingarten Abbey, where she was buried after her death on 5 March 1095, and where she was remembered as a widowed queen of England. The abbey which had been built by Duke Welf on the Martinsberg in Weingarten, and had received Judith's patronage. She also had bequeathed her magnificent library and a relic of Christ's Blood to the abbey. Her husband Duke Welf died in 1101 in Cyprus while returning home from the Fi
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Aug 06, 2019 · Judith von Bayern was born circa 1100. She was the daughter of Heinrich IX Herzog von Bayern and Wolfhildis von Sachsen. She married Friedrich II Herzog von Swabia, son of Friedrich I Hohenstaufen, Duke of Swabia and Agnes Salian, before 1123.1 She died after 1130, on a 22nd February.
Jun 02, 2019 · Daughter of Eberhard von Sülichen, Graf von Sülichgau, Herzog von Bayern and Gisela di Verona (Nellenburg) Wife of Arnulf I, duke of Bavaria Mother of Eberhard, duke of Bavaria; Arnulf II, count palatine of Bavaria; Judith of Bavaria and Heinrich von Bayern, Duke Sister of Reginlinde von Nellenburg and Eberhard II, Graf von Zürichgau. Managed by:
Jan 15, 2020 · Judith (b. 925; d. June 29 soon after 985), was Duchess of Bavaria. She was the eldest daughter of Arnulf the Bad of Bavaria and Judith of Friuli. She was the wife of Henry I of Bavaria, and through this marriage the Duchy of Bavaria entered the growing Kingdom of Germany.
Judith of Flanders, was the Countess of Northumbria, and later Duchess of Bavaria. She was first married to of Tostig Godwinson, Earl of Northumbria, and secondly of Welf I, Duke of Bavaria. Her niece was Matilda of Flanders, Queen consort of William the Conqueror, who was Judith's cousin.
as Duchess consort of Upper Bavaria: 17 May 1365 husband's death: 25 July 1395 Maud of Lancaster: Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster (Plantagenet) 4 April 1339 c. 1352 as Duchess consort of Lower Bavaria c. 1353 as Duchess consort of Bavaria-Straubing: 10 April 1362 William I (Bavaria and 2nd Partition) Margaret of Legnica-Brzeg
Jun 02, 2019 · Daughter of Waltfred de Vérone, Count of Verona, Margrave of Friuli and Gisela di Friuli. Wife of Eberhard von Sülichen, Graf von Sülichgau, Herzog von Bayern. Mother of Reginlinde von Nellenburg; Eberhard II, Graf von Zürichgau and Grafin Judith von Sülichen, Duchess of Bavaria. Managed by: