Knut Haakonsson (Knut Håkonsson, Old Norse Knútr Hákonarson) (c. 1208–1261) was a Norwegian nobleman and claimant to the throne during the Civil war era in Norway.
Knut Haakonsson of Norway is an entirely artificial construct, which doesn't appear in either sources or historical litterature. I am therefore deleting of Norway from the first sentence. Most of the other contributors to the discussion page seem to share this view.
Knut Haakonsson (Old Norse Knútr Hákonarson, modern Norwegian Knut Håkonsson) (c. 1208–1261), was a claimant to the Norwegian throne, and later jarl.. Knut was born as son of Kristin Nikolasdottir Blaka and jarl Haakon the Crazy.
Research genealogy for Knut (Sore Bo) Haakonsson, as well as other members of the Haakonsson family, on Ancestry®.
- Historical Sources
- Background and Childhood
- Views on Haakon's Reign
- Children and Marriage
- Olympic Mascot
The main source of information concerning Haakon is the Saga of Haakon Haakonsson which was written in the immediate years following his death. Commissioned by his son Magnus, it was written by the Icelandic writer and politician Sturla Þórðarson (nephew of the famous historian Snorri Sturluson). Having come into conflict with the royal representative in Iceland, Sturla came to Norway in 1263 in an attempt to reconcile with Haakon. When he arrived, he learned that Haakon was in Scotland, and that Magnus ruled Norway in his place. While Magnus initially took an unfriendly attitude towards Sturla, his talents as a story-teller and skald eventually won him the favour of Magnus and his men. The saga is considered the most detailed and reliable of all sagas concerning Norwegian kings, building on both written archive material and oral information from individuals who had been close to Haakon. It is nonetheless written openly in support of the political program of the House of Sverre, and...
Haakon was born in Folkenborg (now in Eidsberg) to Inga of Varteig in the summer of 1204, probably in March or April. The father was widely regarded to have been King Haakon Sverresson, the leader of the birkebeiner faction in the ongoing civil war against the bagler, as Inga had been with Haakon in his hostel in Borg (now Sarpsborg) in late 1203. Haakon Sverresson was dead by the time his son Haakon was born, but Inga's claim was supported by several of Haakon Sverresson's followers. Haakon was born in bagler-controlled territory, and his mother's claim placed them in a dangerous position. While the bagler started hunting Haakon, a group of birkebeiner warriors fled with the child in the winter of 1205/06, heading for King Inge Bårdson, the new birkebeiner king in Nidaros (now Trondheim). As the party was struck by a blizzard, two of the best birkebeiner skiers, Torstein Skevla and Skjervald Skrukka, carried on with the child over the mountain from Lillehammer to Østerdalen. They e...
After King Inge's death in 1217, a dispute erupted over who was to become his successor. In addition to Haakon who gained the support of the majority of the birkebeiners including the veterans who had served under his father and grandfather, candidates included Inge's illegitimate son Guttorm (who dropped out very soon), Inge's half-brother Earl Skule Bårdsson who had been appointed leader of the king's hird at Inge's deathbed and was supported by the Archbishop of Nidaros as well as part of...
Recognition by the Pope
While the church in Norway initially had refused to recognise Haakon as King of Norway, it had largely turned to support his claim to the throne by the 1223 meeting, although later disagreements occurred. Haakon supported his ally Charles of York (later Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor) to become the Imperial throne as the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Italy in the 1235 first Imperial election. Despite additionally having become the undisputed ruler of Norway after 1240, Haakon had still not b...
Cultural influence and legal reforms
After consolidating his position in 1240, Haakon focused on displaying the supremacy of the kingship, influenced by the increasingly closer contact with European culture. He started constructing several monumental royal buildings, primarily in the royal estate in Bergen where he built a European-style stone palace. He used a grand fleet with stately royal ships when meeting with other Scandinavian rulers, and actively sent letters and gifts to other European rulers; his most far-reaching cont...
Norwegian historians have held strongly differing views on Haakon's reign. In the 19th century, historian P. A. Munch portrayed Haakon as a mighty, almost flawless ruler, which in turn influenced Henrik Ibsen in his 1863 play The Pretenders. In the early 20th century, poet Hans E. Kinck countered and viewed Haakon as an insignificant king subordinated to forces outside of his control, a view which influenced historians such as Halvdan Koht and Edvard Bull, Sr.. Haakon has often been compared with Skule Bårdsson, and historians have taken sides in the old conflict. While Munch saw Skule as a traitor to the rightful Norwegian king, Koht viewed Skule as a heroic figure. On more sketchy grounds, Kinck praised Skule as representing the original and dying Norse culture, and Haakon as a superficial emulator of foreign culture. Since the 1960s, historians including Narve Bjørgo, Per Sveaas Andersen, Knut Helle, Svein Haga and Kåre Lundenhave in turn professed a reaction against Koht's view....
Haakon had two illegitimate children with his mistress Kanga the Young (who is only known by name) before 1225.They were: 1. Sigurd (died 1252). 2. Cecilia (died 1248). Married lendmann Gregorius Andresson, a nephew of the last bagler king Philip Simonsson in 1241. Widowed in 1246, she married Harald Olafsson, King of Mann and the Islesin 1248. They both drowned the same year on the return voyage to Great Britain. Haakon married Margrete Skulesdatter on 25 May 1225, daughter of his rival Earl Skule Bårdsson.Their children were: 1. Olav (born 1226). Died in infancy. 2. Haakon the Young (1232–1257). Married Rikissa Birgersdotter, daughter of the Swedish statesman Earl Birger in 1251. He was appointed king and co-ruler by his father in 1240, but predeceased his father. 3. Christina (1234–1262). Married Infante Philip of Castile, brother of Alfonso X of Castile in 1258. She died childless. 4. Magnus VI of Norway(1238–1280). Married Ingeborg, daughter of Eric IV of Denmark in 1261. Was a...
Håkon and Kristin are the mascots of the 1994 Winter Olympics. Håkon is named after Haakon IV of Norway and Kristin after Christina of Norway.
- c. March/April 1204 Folkenborg, Norway
- Haakon III of Norway
- Roman Catholicism
Knut Haakonsson (em nórdico antigo, Knútr Hákonarson; em norueguês, Knut Håkonsson) (ca. 1208 - Bergen, 1261) foi um nobre norueguês, durante um tempo pretendente ao trono pela facção do grupo insurrecional dos Ribbung, em oposição a Haakon IV.  Depois da reconciliação com o rei, obteve desde 1239 o título de jarl de Noruega.
Skule also tried, unsuccessfully, to have jarl Knut Haakonsson, his other son-in-law to his side. He raised a military host against king Haakon IV of Norway and won a battle at Låka in Nannestad, but lost in Oslo.His party was called the "Vårbelgs"(spring pelts i.e. bad quality fur=poor people) In May 1240 he was defeated by king Haakon and ...
Dec 29, 2019 · Erik Haakonsson, Earl of Hlathir was born before 998. He married Gytha Sveynsdottir, daughter of Sveyn I 'Forkbeard' Haraldsson, King of Denmark and England and Gunhilda of Poland, in 1013.1 He died in 1024.
Oct 02, 2018 · Sven Haakonsson Jarl (d. 1016) had a half brother: Erik Haaksonsson Jarl (d. 1023/24) who was his co ruler in Norway 1000-1015. NORWAY NOBILITY Father of: Haakon Eriksson (997/98-1030) Ruled Norway as an danish vassal from 1012-1015, and again 1028-1030. Married Gunhild, daughter of Burislaw Prince of the Wends. Father of: 1. Bodil Haakonsdatter.
14th-century portrait of Cnut the Great Cnut died at Shaftesbury in Dorset and was buried in the Old Minster, Winchester . With the events of 1066 the new regime of Normandy was keen to signal its arrival with an ambitious programme of grandiose cathedrals and castles throughout the High Middle Ages .