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Kurt Lewin (/ ləˈviːn / lə-VEEN; 9 September 1890 – 12 February 1947) was a German-American psychologist, known as one of the modern pioneers of social, organizational, and applied psychology in the United States.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Lewin
Kurt Lewin, (born September 9, 1890, Mogilno, Germany [now in Poland]—died February 12, 1947, Newtonville, Massachusetts, U.S.), German-born American social psychologist known for his field theory of behaviour, which holds that human behaviour is a function of an individual’s psychological environment.
Sep 02, 2011 · Kurt Lewin emigrated from Germany to America during the 1930's and is recognised as the "founder of social psychology" which highlights his interest in the human aspect of change. Lewin's interest in groups led to research focusing on factors that influence people to change, and the three stages needed to make change successful.
Kurt Lewin (1890-1947) was a social psychologist whose extensive work covered studies of leadership styles and their effects, work on group decision-making, the development of force field theory, the unfreeze/change/refreeze change management model, the action research approach to research, and the group dynamics approach to training, especially in the form of T-Groups.
Kurt Zadek Lewin was a German-American psychologist who is recognized as the father of modern social psychology. Born to a Jewish family in Prussia in 1890, Kurt studied medicine from University of Freiburg and later biology from University of Munich. He enlisted in the German army during the World War I, obtaining an iron cross for his services.
Experiential learningField TheoryGroup dynamicsConsidered the founder of modern social psychologyBorn on September 9, 1890.1914 - Joined the German army.1916 - Awarded a Ph.D. from the University of Berlin (although he'd completed the requirements two years prior).1921 - Became a lecturer at the Psychological Institute of the University of Berlin.
- Best Known For
- Timeline of Events
- Early Life
- Field Theory
- The Lewin, Lippitt, and White Study
- Contributions to Psychology
- Selected Publications
Born in Prussia to a middle-class Jewish family, Kurt Lewin moved to Berlin at the age of 15 to attend the Gymnasium. He enrolled at the University of Frieberg in 1909 to study medicine before transferring to the University of Munich to study biology. He eventually completed a doctoral degree at the University of Berlin. He originally began his studies with an interest in behaviorism, but he later developed an interest in Gestalt psychology. He served in the German army and was later injured in combat.2 These early experiences had a major impact on the development of his field theory and later study of group dynamics.
In 1921, Kurt Lewin began lecturing on philosophy and psychology at the Psychological Institute of the University of Berlin. His popularity with students and prolific writing drew the attention of Stanford University, and he was invited to be a visiting professor in 1932. Eventually, Lewin emigrated to the U.S. and took a teaching position at the University of Iowa, where he worked until 1945. While Lewin emphasized the importance of theory, he also believed that theories needed to have practical applications. Lewin established the Research Center for Group Dynamics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and the National Training Laboratories (NTL). Lewin died of a heart attack in 1947.
Influenced by Gestalt psychology, Lewin developed a theory that emphasized the importance of individual personalities, interpersonal conflict, and situational variables.
In this study, schoolchildren were assigned to either authoritarian, democratic, or laissez-faire leadership groups. It was demonstrated that democratic leadership was superior to authoritarian and laissez-faire leadership. These findings prompted a wealth of research on leadership styles.3
Kurt Lewin contributed to Gestalt psychology by expanding on gestalt theories and applying them to human behavior. He was also one of the first psychologists to systematically test human behavior, influencing experimental psychology, social psychology, and personality psychology. He was a prolific writer, publishing more than 80 articles and eight books on various psychology topics. Many of his unfinished papers were published by his colleagues after his sudden death at age 56. Lewin is known as the father of modern social psychology because of his pioneering work that utilized scientific methods and experimentation to look at social behavior. Lewin was a seminal theorist whose enduring impact on psychology makes him one of the preeminent psychologists of the 20th century.Lewin, K. (1935) A dynamic theory of personality.New York: McGraw-Hill.Lewin, K. (1936) Principles of topological psychology.New York: McGraw-Hill.Lewin, K. (1951) Field theory in social science: Selected theoretical papers.D. Cartwright (ed.). New York: Harper & Row.
Kurt Lewin is often recognized as one of the pioneers of social psychology. He emigrated to the U.S. in the 1930s from Germany and is the person behind Lewin’s three-stage model for change management.
Kurt Lewin’s Force Field Analysis attempts to explain how the process of change works by diagnosing the driving and the restraining forces that lead to organizational change. One side of the model represents the driving forces, and the other side represents the restraining forces.
4 hours ago · Kurt Lewin - How Communists Brainwashed You Henry Makow (l. Communist Jew, Kurt Lewin) Russ Winter reveals that there is a network of "cultural warriors" numbering in the millions emanating from the Tavistock Institute in London. They infest government, education, psychology and health care, & are dedicated to brainwashing you.
Kurt Lewin’s leadership styles framework is a somewhat older one, as it debuted as early as 1930. However, it's still relevant today because it divides leadership styles in to three easy-to-remember groups. Those three leadership styles are as follows:
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