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4 days ago · Latin script is the basis for the largest number of alphabets of any writing system and is the most widely adopted writing system in the world (commonly used by about 70 percent of the world's population). Latin script is used as the standard method of writing in most Western, Central, as well as in some Eastern European languages, as well as ...
5 days ago · The Latin script is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world. It is the standard script of the English language and is often referred to simply as "the alphabet" in English.
- Middle Ages
- Early modern period
- 19th century
This article discusses the geographic spread of the Latin script throughout history, from its archaic beginnings in Latium to the dominant writing system on Earth in modernity. The Latin letters' ancestors are found in the Etruscan, Greek and ultimately Phoenician alphabet. As the Roman Empire expanded in late antiquity, the Latin script and language spread along with its conquests, and remained in use in Italy, Iberia and Western Europe after the Western Roman Empire's disappearance. During the
The Latin script originated in archaic antiquity in the Latium region in central Italy. It is generally held that the Latins, one of many ancient Italic tribes, adopted the western variant of the Greek alphabet in the 7th century BCE from Cumae, a Greek colony in southern Italy – making the early Latin alphabet one among several Old Italic alphabets emerging at the time. The early Latin script was heavily influenced by the then regionally dominant Etruscan civilization; the Latins ...
Along with the Latin language, the Latin writing system first spread over the Italian Peninsula with the rise of the Roman Republic, especially after 350 BCE. For example, the region of Umbria seems to have switched from its own script in the 2nd century BCE to Latin in the 1st. Next were the lands surrounding the Western Mediterranean Sea: Sicily, Sardinia and Corsica, Africa Proconsularis, Numidia, Hispania, and Gallia Transalpina. This continued during the early period of expansion of the Rom
With the spread of Western Christianity during the Middle Ages, the Latin alphabet was gradually adopted by the peoples of Northern Europe who spoke Celtic languages or Germanic languages or Baltic languages, as well as by the speakers of several Uralic languages, most notably Hu
The Latin script also came into use for writing the West Slavic languages and several South Slavic languages such as Slovene and Croatian, as the people who spoke them adopted Roman Catholicism. The speakers of East Slavic languages generally adopted Cyrillic along with Orthodox
As late as 1500, the Latin script was limited primarily to the languages spoken in Western, Northern, and Central Europe, Iberia and Italy. The Orthodox Christian Slavs of Eastern and Southeastern Europe mostly used Cyrillic, and the Greek alphabet was in use by Greek-speakers around the eastern Mediterranean. The Arabic script was widespread within Islamdom, both among Arabs and non-Arab nations like the Iranians, Indonesians, Malays, and Turkic peoples, as well as amongst Arab Christians. Most
The Scramble for Africa, meaning the rapid occupation, colonisation and annexation of inland Africa by European powers, went hand in hand with the spread of literacy amongst native Africans, as the Latin script was introduced where there were other writing systems or none. Until
As a Romance language, Romanian continued to be written in Latin script until the Council of Florence in 1439. Increasingly influenced by Russia as the Greek Byzantine Empire declined and was gradually conquered by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century, the Eastern Orthodox Chur
Tsar Nicholas I of the Russian Empire introduced a policy of Russification, including Cyrillisation. From the 1840s on, Russia considered introducing the Cyrillic script for spelling the Polish language, with the first school books printed in the 1860s. The imperial government's
The Latin or Roman alphabet is the writing system originally used by the ancient Romans to write the Latin language.
The term Latin alphabet may refer to either the alphabet used to write Latin or other alphabets based on the Latin script, which is the basic set of letters common to the various alphabets descended from the classical Latin alphabet, such as the English alphabet. These Latin-script alphabets may discard letters, like the Rotokas alphabet or add new letters, like the Danish and Norwegian alphabets. Letter shapes have evolved over the centuries, including the development in Medieval Latin of lower
Due to its use in writing Germanic, Romance and other languages first in Europe and then in other parts of the world and due to its use in Romanizing writing of other languages, it has become widespread. It is also used officially in Asian countries such as China, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Vietnam, and has been adopted by Baltic and some Slavic states. The Latin alphabet evolved from the visually similar Etruscan alphabet, which evolved from the Cumaean Greek version of the Greek alphabet, which
It was not until the Middle Ages that the letter ⟨W⟩ was added to the Latin alphabet, to represent sounds from the Germanic languages which did not exist in medieval Latin, and only after the Renaissance did the convention of treating ⟨I⟩ and ⟨U⟩ as vowels, and ...
The Latin alphabet spread, along with the Latin language, from the Italian Peninsula to the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea with the expansion of the Roman Empire. The eastern half of the Empire, including Greece, Anatolia, the Levant, and Egypt, continued to use Greek as
- Key types of differences
A Latin-script alphabet is an alphabet that uses letters of the Latin script. The 23-letter Latin alphabet belongs to the oldest of this group.
The 26-letter ISO basic Latin alphabet contains the 26 letters of the English alphabet. To handle the many other alphabets also derived from the classical Latin one, ISO and other telecommunications groups "extended" the ISO basic Latin multiple times in the late 20th century. More recent international standards include those that achieved ISO adoption.
Apart from alphabets for modern spoken languages, there exist phonetic alphabets and spelling alphabets in use derived from Latin script letters. Historical languages may also have used alphabets that are derived but still distinct from those of classical Latin and their modern forms. The Latin script was typically slightly altered to function as an alphabet for each different language, although the main letters are largely the same. A few general classes of alteration cover many particular case
Coverage of the letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet can be
Most alphabets have the letters of the ISO basic Latin alphabet in the same order as that alphabet. Some alphabets regard digraphs as distinct letters, e.g. the old Spanish alphabet had CH and LL sorted apart from C and L. Some Spanish dictionaries still list "ll" separately. Som
Oct 13, 2020 · The definition of a Latin-script letter for this list is a character encoded in the Unicode Standard that has a script property of 'Latin' and the general category of 'Letter'. An overview of the distribution of Latin-script letters in Unicode is given in Latin script in Unicode .LetterNameNotesSmall capital ANonstandard phonetic symbol; Uralic Phonetic AlphabetTurned AAlpha (Script A)Open back unrounded vowel. Duka, Fe'fe, Manenguba, Medumba, Tigon, Tawellemmet Berber cf. Greek: Α αBarred AlphaTeuthonista phonetic transcription system for German dialectology
2 days ago · čh is used in Romani orthography and the Chechen Latin alphabet for /tʃʰ/. In the Ossete Latin alphabet, it was used for /tʃʼ/. ci is used in the Italian alphabet for /tʃ/ before the non-front vowel letters a, o, u . In English orthography, it usually represents /ʃ/ whenever it precedes any vowel other than i .
2 days ago · The tables below summarize and compare the letter inventory of some of the Latin-script alphabets.In this article, the scope of the word "alphabet" is broadened to include letters with tone marks, and other diacritics used to represent a wide range of orthographic traditions, without regard to whether or how they are sequenced in their alphabet or the table.
From New Latin glagoliticus, from Old Church Slavonic глаголица (glagolica), from глаголъ (glagolŭ, “word, speech”), Glagolitic spelling ⰳⰾⰰⰳⱁⰾⰻⱌⰰ (glagolica).(UK) IPA(key): /ˌɡlæɡəʊˈlɪtɪk/(US) IPA(key): /ˌɡlæɡəˈlɪtɪk/
Glagolitic (not comparable) 1. Of or written with the Glagolitic alphabet.quotations ▼ 1.1. 1778, Alberto Fortis, Travels Into Dalmatia: Containing General Observations on the Natural History of that Country and the Neighboring Islands; the Natural Productions, Arts, Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants, p. 401: 1.1.1. The Slavic, and Illyric language has two alphabets. The first is called Glagolitic…, and in our times, is only used in the sacred books. 2. Denoting Slavic Roman Catholic rites in Dalmatia.quotations ▼ 2.1. 1861, John Mason Neale, Notes Ecclesiological & Picturesque, on Dalmatia, Croatia, Istria, Styria: With a Visit to Montenegro, p. 98: 2.1.1. In the case of mixed marriages between a Glagolitic and Latin Catholic, the children follow the rite of the father; but there is an exception in favour of the eldest daughter of a Glagoliticfamily.
Glagolitic (uncountable) 1. (linguistics) The oldest known Slavonic alphabet, designed around 862–863 by Saint Cyril in order to translate the Bible and other texts into Old Church Slavonic. Mostly replaced by Cyrillic alphabet in Orthodox Christian Slavic countries, but still in use in the Croatian Church along the Dalmatian coast, in Czech and Croatian recensions of Church Slavic.
Sep 21, 2020 · The thirteenth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet. See also (Latin script): A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I i J j K k L l M m N n O o P p Q q R r S ſ s T t U u V v W w X x Y y Z z (Variations of letter M): Ḿ ḿ Ṁ ṁ Ṃ ṃ ᵯ ᶆ Ɱ ɱ ᴍ M m M̄ m̄ (other scripts) μ (m, “ mu ”), м (m, “ em ”) Turned: ɯ