Jun 22, 2022 · The Legion of Honour is a national order of France, meaning a public incorporated body. The Legion is regulated by a civil law code, the "Code of the Legion of Honour and of the Military Medal".
- Excellent civil or military conduct, delivered, upon official investigation
- Honneur et patrie ("Honour and Country")
- 19 May 1802
- President of France
- Classes and Insignia
- See Also
- External Links
During the French Revolution, all of the French orders of chivalry were abolished, and replaced with Weapons of Honour. It was the wish of Napoleon Bonaparte, the First Consul, to create a reward to commend civilians and soldiers. From this wish was instituted a Légion d'honneur, a body of men that was not an order of chivalry, for Napoleon believed that France wanted a recognition of merit rather than a new system of nobility. However, the Légion d'honneur did use...
In a decree issued on the 10 Pluviôse XIII (30 January 1805), a grand decoration was instituted. This decoration, a cross on a large sash and a silver star with an eagle, symbol of the Napoleonic Empire, became known as the Grand aigle (Grand Eagle), and later in 1814 as the Grand cordon (big sash, literally "big ribbon"). After Napoleon crowned himself Emperor of the French in 1804 and established the Napoleonic nobility in 1808, award of the Légion d'honneur gave...
Restoration of the Bourbon King of France in 1814
Louis XVIII changed the appearance of the order, but it was not abolished. To have done so would have angered the 35,000 to 38,000 members. The images of Napoleon and his eagle were removed and replaced by the image of King Henry IV, the popular first king of the Bourbon line. Three Bourbon fleurs-de-lys replaced the eagle on the reverse of the order. A king's crown replaced the imperial crown. In 1816, the grand cordons were renamed grand crosses and the legionnaires be...
Legal status and leadership
The Legion of Honour is a national order of France, meaning a public incorporated body. The Legion is regulated by a civil law code, the "Code of the Legion of Honour and of the Military Medal". While the President of the French Republic is the Grand Master of the order, day-to-day running is entrusted to the Grand Chancery (Grande Chancellerie de la Légion d'honneur).
There are five classes in the Legion of Honour: 1. Chevalier(Knight): minimum 20 years of public service or 25 years of professional activity with "eminent merits" 2. Officier (Officer): minimum 8 years in the rank of Chevalier 3. Commandeur (Commander): minimum 5 years in the rank of Officier 4. Grand officier (Grand Officer): minimum 3 years in the rank of Commandeur 5. Grand-croix (Grand Cross): minimum 3 years in the rank of Grand-officier The "eminent merits" required to be awarde...
The order has had five levels since the reign of King Louis XVIII, who restored the order in 1815. Since the reform, the following distinctions have existed: 1. Three ranks: 1.1. Chevalier(knight): badge worn on left breast suspended from ribbon. 1.2. Officier (Officer): badge worn on left breast suspended from a ribbon with a rosette. 1.3....Original Légionnaireinsignia (1804).Late Empire Légionnaireinsignia: the front features Napoleon's profile and the rear, the imperial Eagle. An imperial crown joins the cross and the ribbon.Louis XVIII era (1814) Knight insignia: the front features Henry IV's profile and the rear, the arms of the French Kingdom (three fleurs-de-lis). A royal crown joins the cross and the ribbon.Rear of a Republican cross, with two crossed French flags.List of Légion d'honneurrecipients by nameList of British recipients of the Légion d'Honneurfor the Crimean WarList of foreign recipients of the Légion d'Honneur"Legion of Honor" . New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
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Jun 18, 2022 · A guard of honour ( GB ), also honor guard ( US ), also ceremonial guard, is a group of people, usually military in nature, appointed to receive or guard a head of state or other dignitaries, the fallen in war, or to attend at state ceremonials, especially funerals.
4 days ago · Romaine par son nom (inspirée par la Legio honoratorum conscripta de l' Antiquité) 3, par son symbolisme (les aigles) et son organisation (seize cohortes pour la France ), la Légion d'honneur infléchit la tradition des ordres d' Ancien Régime en étant ouverte à tous, et non plus seulement aux officiers a.
- Militaires ou civils
- Ordre honorifique civil et militaire
- Toujours décerné
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