Legnica is an economic, cultural and academic centre in Lower Silesia, together with Wrocław. The city is renowned for its varied architecture, spanning from early medieval to modern period, and its preserved Old Town with the Piast Castle, one of the largest in Poland.
- +48 76
- 113 m (371 ft)
- city county
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The Battle of Legnica (Polish: bitwa pod Legnicą), also known as the Battle of Liegnitz (German: Schlacht von Liegnitz) or Battle of Wahlstatt (German: Schlacht bei Wahlstatt), was a battle between the Mongol Empire and the combined defending forces of European fighters that took place at Legnickie Pole (Wahlstatt) near the city of Legnica in the Duchy of Silesia on 9 April 1241.
Legnica is the capital of the local Roman Catholic diocese, established in 1992. The city operates a copper museum, art gallery, theatre, cultural centre, and public library. Pop. (2011) 103,238. This article was most recently revised and updated by Michael Ray, Editor.
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The dynamic town of Legnica is mostly known as a minor industrial centre with several copper processing plants. It has over 100,000 inhabitants, being the third largest city of the province. Legnica is also visited as a transit town with the A4 Motorway (with easy access to Krakow excursions) and E65 running through it. However, Legnica also has many historical sights that are traces of its long history. Among them, the most interesting are the Medieval castle and Lubiaz Abbot House, which hosts the Musuem of Copper. There are also many old churches, including St. John’s, St. Peter’s and Paul’s and St. Mary’s. The Old Town district of Legnica has a nice market square with a Baroque Town Hall in its middle. Another noteworthy building is the Jesuits’ College.
Legnica is situated in the Lower Silesian Province, it takes about an hour of driving to make a trip to Wroclaw. The area of the town is crossed by three rivers: the Kaczawa, the Czarna Woda and the Wierzbak.
The history of Legnica starts as early as the 9th Century, when the centre of the copper industry emerged there, but there were ancient settlements on this site even earlier, described by Ptolemy. First mentioned in 1149, it received city laws about a century later. Legnica was the capital of a separate duchy ruled by Piast princes under the Czech Crown for a very long period of time – the last ruler of the Piast dynasty died in 1675. Then the area fell under Habsburg and later Hohenzollern rule. Legnica is believed to be the hometown of Vitello (1230-1280), outstanding physicist, scientist and philosopher of the Middle Ages. In the 16th Century, Legnica became a centre of the Protestant movement. The town suffered seriously during the Thirty Years’ War, never again reaching its previous level of prosperity. The Silesian wars in the 18th Century fortunately excluded Legnica. The town hosted foreign armies again during the Napoleonic Wars, and in 1813 the Battle of Kaczawa between Na...
Urząd Miasta Legnica, Plac Słowiański 8, 59-220 Legnica, tel. 76 721 23 52, fax 76 721 21 15, e-mail: bok(at)legnica.eu; webmaster(at)legnica.eu, Bank Pekao S.A. I ...
Witamy w Legnicy - dawniej Lignica, czes. Lehnice, niem. Liegnitz – miasto w południowo-zachodniej Polsce, w środkowej części województwa dolnośląskiego na równinie legnickiej położone nad rzeką Kaczawą
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