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  1. Thought experiment. Schrödinger wrote: One can even set up quite ridiculous cases. A cat is penned up in a steel chamber, along with the following device (which must be secured against direct interference by the cat): in a Geiger counter, there is a tiny bit of radioactive substance, so small, that perhaps in the course of the hour one of the atoms decays, but also, with equal probability ...

  2. Mar 27, 2001 · 12. 1282b18–23). The crucial question is which respects are normatively relevant and which are not. Some authors see this formal principle of equality as a specific application of a rule of rationality: it is irrational, because inconsistent, to treat equal cases unequally without sufficient reasons (Berlin 1955–56).

  3. The anthropic principle, also known as the "observation selection effect", is the hypothesis, first proposed in 1957 by Robert Dicke, that there is a restrictive lower bound on how statistically probable our observations of the universe are, because observations could only happen in a universe capable of developing intelligent life.

  4. May 12, 2022 · The Pareto Principle is a concept that has shown to be powerful when applied to many areas of life, including in business, relationships, learning, and marketing, to name a few. For example, in any retail organization, the Pareto Principle states that 80% of the sales will be accounted for by 20% of the customers.

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