1 day ago · The following is a list of proved scandals in India since independence, including political, financial and corporate scandals.Entries are arranged in reverse chronological order by year (or decade, for older scandals).
6 days ago · In 2020, the average age of an Indian is 29 years, compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan; and, by 2030, India's dependency ratio will be just over 0.4. However, the number of children in India peaked more than a decade ago and is now falling.
- 18.2 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
- 1.1% (2020 est.)
- 500 people per.sq.km (2011 est.)
- 1,392,700,000, (April, 2021 est.)
People also ask
When did the number of children in India peak?
What's the average life span of a person in India?
Which is the final two years of secondary education in India?
How old is the average secondary school student in India?
5 days ago · British India (1858–1947) Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India company came to end and the British crown now began to rule over India directly as per the Government of India Act 1858 through the British Raj. India was now a single empire comprising British India and the Princely states.
5 days ago · Education in India is primarily managed by state-run public education system, which fall under the command of the government at three levels: Central, state and local.Under various articles of the Indian Constitution and the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children aged 6 to 14.
5 days ago · From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Indian National Congress (often called the Congress Party or simply Congress, abbr. INC) is a political party in India with widespread roots. Founded in 1885, it was the first modern nationalist movement to emerge in the British Empire in Asia and Africa. From the late 19th century, and especially ...
- Origins and History
- Constitutional Framework and Position of Prime Minister
- Appointment, Tenure and Removal
- Role and Power of The Prime Minister
- Compensation and Benefits
- Living Former Prime Ministers
- Deputy Prime Minister
- See Also
India follows a parliamentary system in which the prime minister is the presiding head of the government and chief of the executive of the government. In such systems, the head of state, or, the head of state's official representative (i.e., the monarch, president, or governor-general) usually holds a purely ceremonial position and acts—on most matters—only on the advice of the prime minister. The prime minister—if they are not already—shall become a member of parliamentwithin six months of beginning his/her tenure. A prime minister is expected to work with other central ministers to ensure the passage of bills by the parliament.
The Constitution envisions a scheme of affairs in which the president of India is the head of state; in terms of Article 53 with office of the prime minister being the head of Council of Ministers to assist and advise the president in the discharge of his/her constitutional functions. To quote, Article 53, 74and 75 provide as under; Like most parliamentary democracies, the president's duties are mostly ceremonial as long as the constitution and the rule of law is obeyed by the cabinet and the legislature. The prime minister of India is the head of government and has the responsibility for executive power. The president's constitutional duty is to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution and the law per article 60. In the constitution of India, the prime minister is mentioned in only four of its articles (articles 74, 75, 78 and 366), however he/she plays a crucial role in the government of India by enjoying majority in the Lok Sabha.
According to Article 84 of the Constitution of India, which sets the principle qualification for member of Parliament, and Article 75 of the Constitution of India, which sets the qualifications for the minister in the Union Council of Ministers, and the argument that the position of prime minister has been described as primus inter pares (the first among equals),A prime minister must: 1. be a citizen of India. 2. be a member of the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha. If the person chosen as the pri...
Oaths of office and secrecy
The prime minister is required to make and subscribe in the presence of the President of Indiabefore entering office, the oath of office and secrecy, as per the Third Schedule of the Constitution of India. Oath of office: Oath of secrecy:
Tenure and removal from office
The prime minister serves on 'the pleasure of the president', hence, a prime minister may remain in office indefinitely, so long as the president has confidence in him/her. However, a prime minister must have the confidence of Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. However, the term of a prime minister can end before the end of a Lok Sabha's term, if a simple majority of its members no longer have confidence in him/her, this is called a vote-of-no-confidence. Three prime minis...
The prime minister leads the functioning and exercise of authority of the government of India. The president of India—subject to eligibility—invites a person who is commanding support of majority members of Lok Sabha to form the government of India—also known as the central government or Union government—at the national level and exercise its powers. In practice the prime minister nominates the members of their council of ministers to the president. They also work upon to decide a core group...
The prime minister acts as the leader of the house of the chamber of parliament—generally the Lok Sabha—he/she belongs to. In this role, the prime minister is tasked with representing the executive in the legislature, he/she is also expected to announce important legislation, and is further expected to respond to the opposition's concerns. Article 85 of the Indian constitutionconfers the president with the power to convene and end extraordinary sessions of the parliament, this power, however,...
Article 75 of the Constitution of India confers the parliament with the power to decide the remuneration and other benefits of the prime minister and other ministers are to be decided by the Parliament.and is renewed from time to time. The original remuneration for the prime minister and other ministers were specified in the Part B of the second schedule of the constitution, which was later removed by an amendment. In 2010, the prime minister's office reported that he/she does not receive a formal salary, but was only entitled to monthly allowances. That same year The Economist reported that, on a purchasing power parity basis, the prime minister received an equivalent of $4106 per year. As a percentage of the country's per-capita GDP (gross domestic product), this is the lowest of all countries The Economistsurveyed.
The prime minister's spouse sometimes accompany him/her on foreign visits. The prime minister's family is also assigned protection by the Special Protection Group, though it was removed after Special Protection Group Act in 2019. The most prominent of the family of prime-minister is Nehru–Gandhi family, which has given 3 prime minister, J. L. Nehru, Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.Many of the family members of the former prime ministers are politicians.
Former prime ministers are entitled to a bungalow, former prime ministers are also entitled the same facilities as those given to a serving cabinet minister, this includes a fourteen-member secretarial staff, for a period of five years; reimbursement of office expenses; six domestic executive-class air tickets each year; and security cover from the Special Protection Group. In addition, former prime ministers rank seventh on the Indian order of precedence, equivalent to chief ministers of states (within their respective states) and cabinet ministers. As a former member of the parliament, the prime minister also receives pension after they leave office. In 2015, a former MP receives a minimum pension of ₹20,000 (US$280) per month, plus—if he/she served as an MP for more than five years—₹1,500 (US$21) for every year served.[needs update] Some prime ministers have had significant careers after their tenure, including H. D. Deve Gowda, who remained a Member of the Lok Sabha until 2019,...
As of 15 July 2021, there are two living former prime ministers of India: 1. Living former prime ministers 2. H. D. Deve Gowda (1996–1997) (1933-05-18) 18 May 1933(age 88) 3. Manmohan Singh (2004–2014) (1932-09-26) 26 September 1932(age 88)
The post of Deputy Prime Minister of India is not technically a constitutional post, nor is there any mention of it in an Act of the parliament. But historically, on various occasions, different governments have assigned one of their senior ministers as the deputy prime minister. There is neither constitutional requirement for filling the post of deputy PM, nor does the post provide any kind of special powers. Typically, senior cabinet ministers like the finance minister or the home minister are appointed as Deputy Prime Minister. The post is considered to be the senior most in the cabinet after the prime minister and represents the government in his/her absence. Generally, deputy prime ministers have been appointed to strengthen the coalition governments. The first holder of this post was Vallabhbhai Patel, who was also the home minister in Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet.