Lope de Rueda was a Spanish dramatist and author, regarded by some as the best of his era. A versatile writer, he also wrote comedies, farces, and pasos. He was the precursor to what is considered the golden age of Spanish literature. His plays are considered a transitional stage between Torres Naharro and Lope de Vega.
Lope de Rueda, (born c. 1510, Sevilla, Spain—died 1565, Córdoba), outstanding figure of the early Spanish theatre who did much to popularize it and prepared the way for Lope de Vega. A gold-beater by trade, Rueda was probably attracted to the stage by touring Italian actors; he organized a traveling theatre company and as its autor , or author-manager, took his troupe throughout Spain .
Great thing about their early years of existence is not known. Apparently, he/she belonged to a poor family and had no access to a careful education. He held the office of batihoja, consisting of rolling gold and other precious metals to get a material called "gold leaf", which was used in painting. He/She then left this profession to begin to represent theatrical works. It is known that, in 1534 was an actor, because that year appeared in Toledo. In 1552 he/she married Mariana, Maid of the Duke of Medinaceli, woman who used to dress up like a man (trait of the character of comedians or actors of the time). For many years, Lope de Rueda and Mariana had lawsuits with the Duke of Medinaceli, demanding him to pay wages owed to her former maid. In 1554 he/she was, as well as actor, director of his own company. That year he/she was hired to act in Benavente (in the province of Zamora), before the Prince Felipe (future King Felipe II). This means that, by then, it must be one of the autho...
Lope de Rueda was a true genius of the theatre, activity which stood out in all its facets (authored works, director of company and actor). Its great merit is to have created a theatre truly popular prose, which reflects perfectly the language and the customs of the people. Set on the techniques and the arguments used by the companies of the Commedia dell'Arte; but they learned these Italian models adapted to Spanish taste, and ended up writing a purely indigenous theatre. He wrote comedies in which adapted to Spanish taste Italian actors techniques, and a series of short pieces, humorous tone, called steps. One of the greatest originality of his theatre is that almost all of his works are written in prose, in an era in which the theatre was in verse.
In his comedies, Lope de Rueda was inspired by arguments of other Italian theatre pieces. But he/she managed to reflect perfectly, with great realism, the mentality of the mid-16th century Spanish. The titles of these comedies are: Eufemia, Armelinda, comedy of the deceived, Medora and discord and question of love, the only work that he/she wrote in verse. Everyday (realism) got that perfect reflection of life, in part, thanks to his amazing mastery of the popular language. Lope de Rueda knows perfectly the expressions of the people of the village (sayings and proverbs) and write in prose, gets his characters speak as you would anyone in the street. Even enters his works other typical traits of the colloquial language as speech of certain social groups (such as the Gypsies, who express themselves with their own twists and such).
The steps are the more famous works have given to Lope de Rueda, above even of its comedies. Short pieces of jocular tone that fulfilled a function: to be represented in the intermissions (or intermediate) more extensive works, so people are not bored during these breaks. A few years later, the end of the 16th century and beginning of the 17TH, these steps will be called starters. The mastery of Lope de Rueda in these steps got to create a series of characters who had their own psychology, well known for the Viewer as soon as they came on stage. They were, on the one hand, typical characters of satirical and burlesque literature of the period (such as the doctor, the Sheriff or the student); and, on the other hand, characters who used to mock the people to accentuate his features more ugly or ridiculous, making them caricatures. Lope de Rueda wrote ten steps: olives, the guest, the land of Jauja, the cover and the servants, horned and content, paid and unpaid, the cowardly ruffian,...
Lope de Rueda (lō´pā dā rōōā´ŧħä), 1510?–1565, Spanish dramatist. A precursor of the Golden Age  of Spanish literature , Rueda was an actor and a manager as well as a playwright.
From 1551 until 1559, Lope de Rueda lived in Valladolid, although he continued to travel to other cities with his troupe. He was active in theater productions in Segovia, Seville, Valencia, and ...
Lope de Rueda. Theatre. Actor and playwright. He is considered to be the first professional actor in Spain and the Golden Age forebear of commercial theatre.. Official information on culture in Spain.
Lope de Rueda (Sevilla, c. 1510-Córdoba, c. 1565) fue uno de los primeros actores profesionales españoles. Además, fue un dramaturgo de gran versatilidad que escribió comedias, farsas y pasos (o entremeses). Se le considera el precursor del Siglo de Oro del teatro en España.
Lope de Rueda (Sevilla, h. 1500 - Córdoba, 1565) Dramaturgo español. De oficio batidor de oro, lo abandonó, no se sabe en qué fecha, para dedicarse al teatro y fundar una compañía propia que actuó en diversas ciudades españolas con gran éxito. Como autor teatral produjo comedias, coloquios pastoriles, algún auto sacramental y pasos.
Lope de Rueda Es sin duda la figura más destacada del teatro del siglo xvi. Escritor, autor y director de una compañía con la que recorre España, es asimismo el introductor en la Península Ibérica de las innovaciones de la escena italiana.
Lope de Rueda Los lacayos ladrones Introdúcense en él las personas siguientes: MADRIGALEJO, lacayo ladrón. MOLINA, lacayo. ALGUACIL UN PAJE MADRIGALEJO.- ¡Reñego del gran Taborlán y de todos sus consortes y bien allegados, y de toda la canalla que rige y gobierna la infernalísima barca del viejo