Louis VI (late 1081 – 1 August 1137), called the Fat (French: le Gros) or the Fighter (French: le Batailleur ), was King of the Franks from 1108 to 1137. Chronicles called him "King of Saint-Denis". Louis was the first member of the house of Capet to make a lasting contribution to centralizing the institutions of royal power.
Louis VI, byname Louis the Fat, French Louis le Gros, (born 1081—died Aug. 1, 1137), king of France from 1108 to 1137; he brought power and dignity to the French crown by his recovery of royal authority over the independent nobles in his domains of the Île-de-France and the Orléanais.
Oct 31, 2019 · Louis VI, Roi de France was a member of the House of Capet.1 Louis VI, Roi de France also went by the nick-name of Louis 'le Gros' (or in English, 'the Fat').1 He succeeded to the title of Roi Louis VI de France in 1108.
- Paris, Île-de-France, France
- Private User
About. Louis VI (1081-1137), Capetian King of France Louis VI, called Louis the Fat (Louis le Gros in French) reigned from 1108 to 1137. His reign was marked by the rise of communes in France, by increasing identification of the Kings of France with the Abbey of Saint-Denis, and by significant consolidation and expansion of royal power.
LOUIS VI, KING OF FRANCE Reigned from 1108 to 1137; b. 1081. The son of philip i and Bertha of Frisia, Louis studied at the abbey school of saint-denis, where he became acquainted with suger, the future abbot of Saint-Denis, who became Louis's biographer and chief adviser.
May 29, 2018 · Louis VI. Louis VI (1081-1137) was king of France from 1108 to 1137. He was the first to curb the violent nobility in the royal domain and to establish the prestige of the Crown on a firm foundation. The fifth Capetian king of France, Louis VI was a giant of a man, proud of his physical strength and courage in battle.
- Early Life
- Challenges to Royal Authority
- Struggles with The Robber Barons
- War with Henry I Over Gisors
- Intervention in Flanders
- Invasion of Henry V
- Alliance of The Anglo-Normans and Anjou
- Final Years
- Marriages and Children
Louis was born around 1081 in Paris, the son of Philip I and Bertha of Holland.[a] Suger tells us: "In his youth, growing courage matured his spirit with youthful vigour, making him bored with hunting and the boyish games with which others of his age used to enjoy themselves and forget the pursuit of arms." And "How valiant he was in youth, and with what energy he repelled the king of the English, William Rufus, when he attacked Louis' inherited kingdom." Louis married Lucienne de Rochefort, the daughter of his father's seneschal, in 1104, but repudiated her three years later. They had no children. On 3 August 1115 Louis married Adelaide of Maurienne, daughter of Humbert II of Savoy and of Gisela of Burgundy, and niece of Pope Callixtus II. They had eight children. Adelaide was one of the most politically active of all France's medieval queens. Her name appears on 45 royal charters from the reign of Louis VI. During her time as queen (1115–1137), royal charters were dated with both...
When Louis ascended the throne, the Kingdom of France was a collection of feudal principalities. Beyond the Isle de France the French kings had little authority over the great duke and countsof the realm but slowly Louis began to change this and assert Capetian power. This process would take two centuries to complete but began in the reign of Louis VI. The second great challenge facing Louis was to counter the rising power of the Anglo-Normans under their capable new king, Henry I of England.
From early in his reign (and during his father's reign) Louis faced the problem of the robber baronswho resisted the King's authority and engaged in brigandry, making the area around Paris unsafe. From their castles, such as Le Puiset, Châteaufort, and Montlhéry, these barons would charge tolls, waylay merchants and pilgrims, terrorize the peasantry and loot churches and abbeys, the latter deeds drawing the ire of the writers of the day, who were mostly clerics. In 1108, soon after he ascended the throne, Louis engaged in war with Hugh of Crécy, who was plaguing the countryside and had captured Eudes, Count of Corbeil, and imprisoned him at La Ferté-Alais. Louis besieged that fortress to free Eudes. In early 1109, Louis besieged his half-brother, Philip, the son of Bertrade de Montfort, who was involved in brigandry and conspiracies against the King, at Mantes-la-Jolie. Philip's plots included the lords of Montfort-l'Amaury. Amaury III de Montfortheld many castles which, when linked...
After seizing the English Crown, Henry I of England deprived his brother, Robert Curthose, of the Duchy of Normandy and quickly took possession of the castle at Gisors, a fortress of strategic importance on the right bank of the Epte, commanding the road between Rouen and Paris. This violated an earlier agreement between Henry and the French King that Gisors should remain in the hands of a neutral castellan, or else be demolished. This move threatened the Capetian domain and Louis was outraged, demanding Henry, as his vassal, appear before him to account for his actions. The two kings met, in force, in March 1109 at the borders of their respective territories at the bridge of Neauphle on the Epte. Henry refused to relinquish Gisors. Louis challenged the English King to single combatto settle the issue. When Henry refused, war was inevitable, a war which would last, on and off, for twenty years. The first years of the war went well for Louis until the influential Theobald II, Count o...
On 2 March 1127, the count of Flanders, Charles the Good, was assassinated in St. Donatian's Cathedral at Bruges. It was a scandal in itself but made worse because it precipitated a succession crisis. Soon a number of relatives raised claims, including William of Ypres, popularly thought to be complicit in the murder; Thierry of Alsace; and Arnold of Denmark, nephew of Charles who seized Saint-Omer; Baldwin, Count of Hainault, who seized Oudenarde, and Godfrey I, Count of Louvain and Duke of Brabant. Louis had his own candidate in mind and marched into Flanders with an army and urged the barons to elect William Clito, son of Robert Curthose, who had been disinherited of Normandy by his uncle Henry I of England, as their new Count. He had no better claim to Flanders than being the King's candidate but on 23 March 1127 he was elected Count by the Flemings. Louis then moved decisively to secure Flanders, apprehending the murderers of Charles the Good and ousting the rival claimants. On...
On 25 November 1120, Louis' fortunes against Henry I of England were raised when Henry's heir, William Ætheling, drunkenly perished aboard the White Shipen route from Normandy to England, putting the future of Henry's dynasty and his position in doubt. By 1123 Louis was involved with a coalition of Norman and French seigneurs opposed to Henry. The plan was to drive the English King from Normandy and replace him with William Clito. Henry, however, easily defeated this coalition then instigated his son-in-law, Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, to invade France. Henry V had married the Empress Matilda, the English King's daughter and the future mother of Henry II of England, 9 years earlier, in hopes of creating an Anglo-German empire, though the couple remained childless. Like Louis, Henry V had designs on the Low Countriesand an invasion of Northern France would enable him to strengthen his ambitions in Flanders, as well as support his father-in-law. Thus in 1124, Henry V assembled an arm...
In 1128 Henry I married his sole surviving legitimate child, the dowager Empress Matilda, to Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou. This would prove to be a dangerous alliance for Louis during the reign of his successor, Louis VII of France.
As Louis VI approached his end, there seemed to be reasons for optimism. Henry I of England had died on 1 December 1135 and Stephen of Bloishad seized the English crown, reneging on the oath he had sworn to Henry I to support Matilda. Stephen was thus in no position to bring the combined Anglo-Norman might against the French crown. Louis had also made great strides in exercising his royal authority over his barons, and even Theobald II had finally rallied to the Capetian cause. Finally, on 9 April 1137, a dying William X, Duke of Aquitaine appointed Louis VI guardian of his fifteen-year-old daughter and heiress, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Eleanor was suddenly the most eligible heiress in Europe, and Louis wasted no time in marrying her to his own heir, the future Louis VII, at the Cathedral of Saint-André in Bordeaux on 25 July 1137. At a stroke Louis had added one of the most powerful duchiesin France to the Capetian domains. Louis died of dysentery 7 days later, on 1 August 1137. Despi...
He married in 1104: 1) Lucienne de Rochefort — the marriage was annulled on 23 May 1107 at the Council of Troyes by Pope Paschal II. He married in 1115: 2) Adélaide de Maurienne(1092–1154) 1. Their children: 1.1. Philip(29 August 1116 – 13 October 1131), King of the Franks (1129–31), not to be confused with his brother of the same name; he died as a result of a fall from a horse. 1.2. Louis VII(1120 – 18 September 1180), King of the Franks. 1.3. Henry (1121 – 13 November 1175), Archbishop of Reims. 1.4. Hugh (ca1122 – died young). 1.5. Robert (ca 1123 – 11 October 1188), count of Dreux. 1.6. Peter (September 1126 – 10 April 1183), married Elizabeth, Lady of Courtenay. 1.7. Constance (ca 1128 – 16 August 1176), married first Eustace IV, count of Boulogne, and then Raymond V of Toulouse. 1.8. Philip (c.1132 -1160), Archdeacon of Paris With Marie de Breuillet, daughter of Renaud de Breuillet de Dourdan,Louis VI was the father of a daughter: 1. Isabelle (ca1105 – before 1175), married (...