Margaret I (Danish: Margrete Valdemarsdatter; 15 March 1353 – 28 October 1412) was the queen who founded the Kalmar Union of the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, spanning Scandinavia for over a century.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Margaret_I_of_Denmark
Margaret I, (born 1353, Søborg, Den.—died Oct. 28, 1412, Flensburg), regent of Denmark (from 1375), of Norway (from 1380), and of Sweden (from 1389), who, by diplomacy and war, pursued dynastic policies that led to the Kalmar Union (1397), which united Denmark, Norway, and Sweden until 1523 and Denmark and Norway until 1814.
- Eric of Pomerania
- Death and Legacy
She was born in Vordingborg Castle, the daughter of Valdemar IV of Denmark and Helvig of Sønderjylland in 1353. She married, at the age of ten, King Haakon VI of Norway, who was the younger and only surviving son to Magnus VII of Norway, Magnus II of Sweden. Her first act after her father's death in (1375) was to procure the election of her infant son Olaf as king of Denmark, despite the claims of the husband of her elder sister and her son (the husband was Duke Henry of Mecklenburg). Olaf died in 1387, having in 1380 also succeeded his father in Norway and in claims to Sweden; and in the following year Margaret, who had ruled both kingdoms in his name, was chosen regent of Norway and Denmark. She had already given proofs of her superior statesmanship by recovering possession of Schleswig from the Holstein counts, who had held it absolutely for a generation, and who now received it back indeed as a gift (by the compact of Nyborg 1386), but under such stringent conditions that the Da...
It had been understood that Margaret should, at the first convenient opportunity, provide the three kingdoms with a king who was to be a kinsman of all the three old dynasties, although in Norway it was specified that she would continue ruling alongside the new king. In 1389, she proclaimed her great-nephew, Eric of Pomerania (grandson of Henry of Mecklenburg), king of Norway. In 1396, homage was rendered to him in Denmark and Sweden likewise, Margaret reserving to herself the office of regent during his minority. To weld the united kingdoms still more closely together, Margaret summoned a congress of the three Councils of the Realm to Kalmar in June 1397; and on Trinity Sunday, on June 17, Eric was solemnly crowned king of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The proposed act of union divided the three Councils, but the actual deed embodying the terms of the union never got beyond the stage of an unratified draft. Margaret revolted at the clauses which insisted that each country should reta...
So long as the union was insecure, Margaret had tolerated the presence near the throne of "good men" from all three realms (the Rigsraad, or council of state, as these councilors now began to be called); but their influence was always insignificant. In every direction the royal authority remained supreme. The offices of high constable and earl marshal were left vacant; the Danehofer or national assemblies fell into desuetude, and the great queen, an ideal despot, ruled through her court officials acting as superior clerks. But law and order were well maintained; the license of the nobility was sternly repressed; the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway were treated as integral parts of the Danish state, and national aspirations were frowned upon or checked, though Norway, as being more loyal, was treated more indulgently than Sweden. Margaret also recovered for the Crown all the landed property which had been alienated during the troubled days before Valdemar IV. This so-called "reduktion,...
Margaret died suddenly on board her ship in Flensburg harbour on October 28, 1412. Her sarcophagus made by the Lübeck sculptor Johannes Junge (1423) stands behind the high altar in the Roskilde Cathedral, near Copenhagen. She had left property to the cathedral on the condition that Masses for her soul would be said regularly in the future. At the Reformationin 1536, this was discontinued; however, to this day a special bell is being rung twice daily in commemoration of the Queen.Bain, Robert Nisbet. Scandinavia; a Political History of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Boston: Adamant Media Corporation, 2002. ISBN 0543939006.Jespersen, Knud J.V. A History of Denmark (Palgrave Essential Histories). NY: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. ISBN 0333659171.Renouf, Norman. Copenhagen & the Best of Denmark Alive! (Alive Guides Series). Edison, NJ: Hunter Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1588433552.Saxo Grammaticus and Oliver Elton. The Danish History. Charleston, SC: BiblioBazaar; Reprint of 1905 translation edition, 2007. ISBN 1426400454.
Margaret Of Denmark, Margaret of Denmark Margaret of Denmark Margaret of Denmark (1353-1412) was a fourteenth-century Danish queen and first medieval queen to rule in Eur… Saint Margaret Of Scotland , St. Margaret of Scotland (1045-1093), wife of the Scottish king Malcolm III, introduced important religious reforms into Scotland and was a ...
In Denmark Margaret was called "sovereign lady and lord and guardian of the entire kingdom of Denmark" (Norway and Sweden later bestowed on her similar titles). This special, double-gendered title bestowed upon the holder the power and authority of a man (lord), of a woman (sovereign lady) and of the gender-neutral guardian.
- 15 March 1353 Søborg Castle, Denmark
- Roman Catholicism
- Haakon VI of Norway
Margaret of Denmark (1353-1412) was a fourteenth-century Danish queen and first medieval queen to rule in Europe, who united three powerful Scandinavian kingdoms. In the 11th century, the kingdoms of Scandinavia were a relatively new feature of medieval Europe.
Denmark - Denmark - Margaret I and the Kalmar Union: Valdemar’s heirs brought the kingdom to its medieval apogee. His youngest and only surviving child, Margaret I (Margrethe I), had married a prince of Sweden, Haakon VI Magnusson, then king of Norway. Their son Olaf (Oluf) was chosen as king of Denmark in 1376. Margaret, as guardian and regent, followed a policy of peace abroad and ...
Margaret of Denmark was born on 23 June 1456 as the daughter of Christian I, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and Dorothea of Brandenburg. She had been named after Queen Margaret I, who had ruled Denmark, Norway and Sweden in her own right. There is very little information on Margaret’s youth. In 1468, the Scottish embassy to Denmark set out.
Margaret of Denmark is perhaps the most underrated monarch Denmark has ever had. To call Margaret of Denmark the Queen of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway is inaccurate because with the exception of Sweden, where she was married to Swedish King Haakon VI in 1363, she was only a regent to these countries.
Margaret I of Denmark: She ruled as regent on behalf of her son Denmark, and then later Norway and Sweden. Margaret was a successful ruler and was in power even after her son came of age. Her political maneuverings and warfare lead to the Kalmar Union in 1397 which bound the three countries together until the early 16th century. 4.