Martha Ellis Gellhorn (November 8, 1908 – February 15, 1998) was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist who is considered one of the great war correspondents of the 20th century.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martha_Gellhorn
Martha Ellis Gellhorn (November 8, 1908 – February 15, 1998) was an American novelist, travel writer, and journalist who is considered one of the great war correspondents of the 20th century.
- Martha Gellhorn: On the Recordyoutube.com
- Legendary war correspondent Martha Gellhorn gets her own novel | Your Morningyoutube.com
- Martha Gellhorn | Extraordinary Women | on TVOyoutube.com
- Martha Gellhorn: The World’s Greatest War Correspondentyoutube.com
But Gellhorn, "a cocky, raspy-voiced, chain-smoking maverick," as New York Times writer Rick Lyman described her, lived a life at least as exciting, world-spanning, and passionate as her ex-husband's. Wanderlust Martha Ellis Gellhorn was born in St. Louis on November 8, 1908.
Martha Ellis Gellhorn, American journalist and novelist (born Nov. 8, 1908, St. Louis, Mo.—died Feb. 15, 1998, London, Eng.), as one of the first female war correspondents, candidly described ordinary people in times of unrest. Though often remembered for her brief marriage to American author E
Feb 17, 1998 · Martha Ellis Gellhorn, who as one of the first female war correspondents covered a dozen major conflicts in a writing career spanning more than six decades, died on Sunday at her home in London.
Martha Gellhorn was born in St Louis, Missouri, in 1908; her father was a doctor and her mother, whom she described as a "wonder", was a believer in excellence and a campaigner for female suffrage ...
Martha Gellhorn was born on November 8, 1908 in St. Louis, Missouri to Edna Fischel Gellhorn, a suffragist and George Gellhorn, a gynecologist. She was of Jewish origin. Her brothers, Walter Gellhorn and Alfred Gellhorn were also well-known personalities; Walter was a renowned law professor at Columbia University and Alfred was an oncologist.
- Early Life and Education
- Early Career
- Coverage of War
- Later Career
- Personal Life
Martha Gellhorn was born on November 8, 1908, in St Louis, Missourito Edna Fischel Gellhorn and George Gellhorn. Her father was a German-borngynaecologistand his mother a suffragist. She had two other siblings Walter Gellhorn who was a law professor at Columbia University and Alfred Gellhorn who was an oncologist and became a dean of the UniversityOf Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Martha Gellhorn was educated at the John Burroughs School in St Louis where she graduated in 1926. She then enrolled at the Bryn Mawr College in Philadelphia but dropped out to pursue a career in journalism in 1927.
After dropping out of school, Martha Gellhorn traveled to France in 1930 after resolving to become a foreign correspondent. In France, she worked with the United Press bureau in Paris for two years. While practicing journalism, she also ventured into writing by joining the pacifist movement. Her first book was What Mad Pursuit in 1934 in which she highlighted experiences. Upon her return to the United States,Martha Gellhorn worked as a field investigator for the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) after being hired by Harry Hopkins. President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the FERA to help in the war against the Great Depression. Martha Gellhornwas charged to report on the effects of the Depression on the country by traveling around the country. Her first destination was Gastonia, North Carolina to document the situation. Martha Gellhorn in discharging her duties worked with a photographer, Dorothea Lange to record the daily lives of the homeless and hungry during the...
In 1936, Martha Gellhorn met Hemingway who became her first husband during a trip to Kay West, Florida. Gellhorn who was at the time hired by Collier’s Weekly agreed to travel with Hemingway for a report on the Spanish Civil War. After the war, she moved to Germany to report on the assuming powers of Adolf Hitler and later moved to Czechoslovakia in 1938. During the World War II, Martha Gellhornreported from England, Burma, Finland, Singapore and Hong Kong. She became the only woman to land at Normandy on D-Day by hiding in a hospital ship bathroom and faking to be a stretcher bearer when it landed. This was because she did not have the official press id to witness the landing. Her quest to report on every singular activity of war had no bounds. After the Dachau concentration camp was liberated by the Allied Troops, Gellhorn became one of the first journalists to report the incident.
After the World War II, Martha Gellhorn worked with the Atlantic Monthly. Between the 1960 and 1970s, she covered the Vietnam War and the Arab-Israel war. Though Martha Gellhorn was ageing and naturally things may turn down, she continued to work as a war correspondent. She covered the Central American civil war and the United States invasion of Panama in 1989. Martha Gellhornbegan to have a problem with her sight and underwent a cataract surgery, which was unsuccessful. She retired from journalism in the 1990s after her last report in Brazil to report on the poverty situation in that country in 1995.
Martha Gellhorn wrote many books aside from her journalism career. Her debut book was What Mad Pursuit, 1934 and followed it with The Trouble I've Seen, 1936, A Stricken Field 1940, The Heart of Another, 1941, Liana 1944, The Undefeated, 1945 and Love Goes to Press: A Comedy in Three Acts in1947. Others include The Wine of Astonishment 1948, The Honeyed Peace: Stories, 1953, Two by Two, 1958, The Face of War, 1959 and The Lowest Trees Have Tops in 1967 among several others.
In 1930, Martha Gellhorn during her stay in France had a romantic relationship with French economist Bertrand de Jouvenel who was married at the time. The relationship lasted until 1934. In 1936, Martha Gellhorn dated Ernest Hemingway who she met in Key West, Florida. The two married in 1940 with Gellhorn becoming the third wife of Hemingway. The couple divorced in 1945. Despite her marriage to Hemingway, Martha Gellhorn had a romantic relationship with US paratrooper Major General James M. Gavin. She also had series of relationships with the likes of an American businessman, Laurance Rockefeller, 1945, William Walton, a journalist in 194 and doctor David Gurewitsch, 1950. She later married a former managing director of the Times Magazine, T.S Matthews in 1954 and moved to London. The two divorced in 1963. She adopted a child from an Italian orphanage called Sandy in 1949 but did not have a close relationship with the boy due to the nature of her work. Sandy was mostly in the care o...
In pursuit of a story, war correspondent Martha Gellhorn pushed the boundaries of her profession, the military, and even common sense. Martha Gellhorn was determined to cover D-Day, and she wasn’t about to let a little thing like the American military stop her.
May 27, 2019 · Martha Gellhorn became the only woman to land in Normandy the same day the troops did. Other women followed, but much later. The first batch of women—members of the United States Women’s Army Corps—landed in Normandy thirty-eight days later. Soon after Gellhorn had filed her story to Collier’s, the military police arrested her. They ...
Aug 12, 2006 · Martha Gellhorn was a gorgeous, brilliant foreign correspondent once married to Hemingway. But underneath her glamorous exterior, her letters reveal a woman of awe-inspiring rage.