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  1. Mileva Marić (Serbian Cyrillic: Милева Марић; December 19, 1875 – August 4, 1948), sometimes called Mileva Marić-Einstein or Mileva Marić-Ajnštajn (Serbian Cyrillic: Милева Марић-Ајнштајн), was a Serbian physicist and mathematician and the first wife of Albert Einstein from 1903 to 1919.

    • Friedhof Nordheim, Zürich, Switzerland
    • August 4, 1948 (aged 72), Zürich, Switzerland
  2. Apr 02, 2014 · Mileva Einstein-Maric was born in 1875 in Titel, Austria-Hungary (now Serbia). Maric came from a fairly affluent family of Serbian descent. Well educated, she was allowed to attend an all-boys ...

  3. Jul 21, 2020 · Mileva Marić. Born in 1875 in Titel, Vojvodina, then part of the Austro-Hungarian empire and now a province of Serbia, Marić endured a shaky road as a girl wishing to study physics because education beyond four years of elementary school was reserved for men only. Seeing her potential, her father, Milos, sent her across the border where girls ...

    • Biography
    • Role in Physics
    • Honours
    • References
    • External Links

    On December 19, 1875, Mileva Marić was born into a wealthy family in Titel in the Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (today in Serbia) the eldest of three children of Miloš Marić (1846-1922) and Marija Ruzić - Marić (1847-1935). Shortly after her birth, her father ended his military career and took a job at the court in Ruma and later in Zagreb.She began her secondary education in 1886 at a high school for girls in Újvidék (today Novi Sad in Serbia), but changed the following year to a high school in Sremska Mitrovica.Beginning in 1890, she attended the Royal Serbian Grammar School in Šabac. In 1891 her father obtained special permission to enroll Marić as a private student at the all male Royal Classical High School in Zagreb. She passed the entrance exam and entered the tenth grade in 1892. She won special permission to attend physics lectures in February 1894 and passed the final exams in September 1894. Her grades in mathematics and physics were the highest awarded. That year s...

    The question whether (and if so, to what extent) Marić contributed to Einstein's early work, and to the Annus Mirabilis Papers in particular, has been the subject of some debate.However, the overwhelming consensus among professional historians of physics is that she did not.A few academics, outside the consensus among historians, have argued that she may have played some role. The case which has been presented for Marić as a co-author of some of Einstein's early work, putatively culminating in the 1905 papers, mostly depends on the following evidence: 1. The testimony of the well known Russian physicist Abram Joffe, who gave the name of the author of the three Annus Mirabilis Papers as Einstein-Marity, erroneously attributing the addition of the name Marity, Marić's official name, to a non-existing Swiss custom. However, in the paragraph in question, in which Joffe stated that Einstein'sentrance into the arena of science in 1905 was "unforgettable", he described the author (singular...

    In 2005 Marić was honoured in Zurich by the ETH and the "Gesellschaft zu Fraumünster", and a memorial plate was unveiled on the house Huttenstrasse english 62, her residence in Zurich, in her memory. In the same year a bust was placed in her high-school town, Sremska Mitrovica. Another bust is located on the campus of the University of Novi Sad. A high-school in her birth town Titel is also named after her.Sixty years after her death, a memorial plate was placed on the house of the former clinic in Zurich where she died, and in June 2009 a memorial gravestone was dedicated to her at the Nordheim-Cemetery where she rests. In 1995 the novel Mileva Marić Ajnštajn by dragovic Bukumirović was published in Serbian; three years later it was followed by the play Mileva Ajnštajn by Vida Ognjenović, later also translated into English.

    Calaprice, A. & Lipscombe, T. (2005). Albert Einstein: A Biography. Westport and London: Greenwod Press. ISBN 0-313-33080-8
    Clark, R. W. Einstein: The Life and Times. New York 1971 ISBN 0-690-00664-0, HarperCollins, New York 2007 ISBN 0-06-135184-9
    Einstein, A. (1987). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Volume 1. Ed. J. Stachel et al. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-08475-0
    Einstein, A. (1987). The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Volume 1. (English translation). Trans. by A. Beck, Consultant P. Havas. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-08475-0
    Tesla Memorial Society of New York Website Mileva Maric-Einstein
    PBS website: Einstein's Wife. The Life of Mileva Maric Einstein
    Michael Getler: Einstein's Wife: The Relative Motion of 'Facts'PBS Ombudsman; The Ombudsman Column, December 15, 2006
    The Einstein Controversy. Letter by Gerald Holton, Robert Schulmann, John StachelDecember 17, 2008
    • Relationship with Albert Einstein
    • The Case For Mileva
    • Mileva’S Story Disputed
    • What’s Really Important
    • Conclusion

    He was 17 and she was 20 when they both enrolled in physics and mathematics studies at the State Polytechnical school in Zurich. The attraction was almost immediate. For Albert, she was the smartest woman that he had ever met. For her, he was the most interesting man that she had ever encountered. Not long had passed, and they were spending all their free time together, studying, reading, playing music, and discussing science and philosophy. This is where the book makes its most controversial claims. It suggests that, next to emotional attachment, Mileva and Albert shared a fruitful intellectual relationship. That they cooperated closely in the early years of his career, that she helped immensely with the mathematics of Einstein’s complex problems, and that she also supported his research with ideas of her own. Consequently, a great injustice was done to Ms. Maric since she received no credit for her contribution, a case that was more common than not among female scientists at the t...

    Regardless of these outrageous claims, the book mainly went unnoticed until the late 1980s and the publishing of the Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Containing some fifty letters that the couple exchanged throughout the years, it shed more light on the nature of their relationship. In these letters, Albert Einstein lovingly praises Mileva’s rationality and intellect and relates scientific topics to her as to his equal. More importantly, he often writes about their joined studies and refers to his work on the Special Theory of Relativity as Our Work. For many, this meant that the case for Mileva was shut. Itseemed that all the evidence needed to prove her participation in his work was there, including the words from Einstein himself. Analysis, essays, and studies appearing in great numbers concluded that Mileva was not only an emotionally steadfast but a reliable research partner. According to these works, Mileva would have had a bright future in academia had she not abandoned s...

    Nevertheless, in the 1990s, a group of scholars and science historians rejected what was called Mileva’s story as an unsubstantiated theory, based on nothing more than misinterpretations, hearsay, and manipulated testimonials. They interpreted the content found in Einstein/Maric letters as an emotional exchange between the two lovers and as such inconsequential for science. It was taken as a crucial matter that she never sought any credit for Einstein’s discoveries. Also, no mentioning of joined projects was ever found in her letters to him. In contrast, Albert’s correspondence with his close friend Michele Angelo Besso was full of lively discussions about formulas and new ideas. Touching on STR (Special Theory of Relativity), recent evidence suggested that Einstein pondered it before he met Mileva. Moreover, when presented to the public, Mileva’s and Albert’s school records showed that her grades were no better than his and that there were no areas where she seriously outperformed...

    Despite everything written in the lines above, the fascinating part of Mileva’s story is not resting in the question of whether or not she participated in Einstein’s research but rather in the circumstances surrounding her entire life. You see, she was born in a relatively traditional and patriarchal part of Central Europe, where women were barred from higher education. On her path towards university education in Switzerland, she had to overcome many obstacles not placed in front of the men. This must have been not easy to do, especially for the girl born with a congenital hip disorder, a disability that will cause her problems until the rest of her life. Notwithstanding the hurdles, she became only the fifth woman to enroll at Zurich Polytechnic and the only female in her class. Here she met the love of her life, the most famous genius of the 20th century, Albert Einstein, with whom she became pregnant before marriage. At the time, this was considered morally unacceptable, and it w...

    Do partners and spouses influence each other’s growth and development? Absolutely. Is that influence especially significant when the two have the same professional interests? Without a doubt. Does or does not Mileva deserve the credit for her husband’s work? The definite and unequivocal answer to that question we will probably never get. It will remain one more of those discussions that depend on the person’s emotions, mentality, culture, and possibly political affiliation.

  4. The real “Mileva Story.”. Albert Einstein's first wife, Mileva Einstein-Marić, was forgotten for decades. When a trove of correspondence between them beginning in their student days was discovered in 1986, her story began to be told. Some of the tellers of the “Mileva Story” made startling claims: that she was a brilliant mathematician ...

  5. Dec 19, 2016 · Mileva Marić, Albert Einstein's first wife, was born 141 years ago today on Dec. 19, 1875. To celebrate, we've curated some intriguing factoids about her life. 1. She was smart in her own right. Mileva with her two sons, Hans Albert (left) and Eduard (right). (Photo: Courtesy photo)

    • Benyamin Cohen
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