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  1. Money creation - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money_creation

    Jun 20, 2020 · Money creation, or money issuance, is the process by which the money supply of a country, or of an economic or monetary region, is increased. In most modern economies, most of the money supply is in the form of bank deposits. Central banks monitor the amount of money in the economy by measuring the so-called monetary aggregates.

  2. History of money - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_money

    Jun 24, 2020 · Money is a mechanism that facilitates this process. Money may take a physical form as in coins and notes, or may exist as a written or electronic account. It may have intrinsic value (commodity money), be legally exchangeable for something with intrinsic value (representative money), or only have nominal value (fiat money).

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  4. Money - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money

    Jun 25, 2020 · Legal tender, or narrow money (M0) is the cash money created by a Central Bank by minting coins and printing banknotes. Bank money, or broad money (M1/M2) is the money created by private banks through the recording of loans as deposits of borrowing clients, with partial support indicated by the cash ratio.

  5. Quantitative easing - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantitative_easing

    5 days ago · However, QE is a very different form of money creation than it is commonly understood when talking about "money printing". Indeed, the term printing money usually implies that newly created money is used to directly finance government deficits or pay off government debt (also known as monetizing the government debt).

  6. Money multiplier - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money_multiplier

    6 days ago · In the "reserves first" model of money creation, a given reserve is lent out by a bank, then deposited at a bank (possibly different), which is then lent out again, the process repeating and the ultimate result being a geometric series. Formula. The money multiplier, m, is the inverse of the reserve requirement, RR:

  7. Modern Monetary Theory - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_monetary_theory

    3 days ago · Modern Monetary Theory or Modern Money Theory is a heterodox macroeconomic theory that describes currency as a public monopoly and unemployment as evidence that a currency monopolist is overly restricting the supply of the financial assets needed to pay taxes and satisfy savings desires. MMT is an alternative to neoclassical economic theory and may be more effective in describing the global economy in the years following the Great Recession. MMT argues that governments create new money by using

  8. Fractional-reserve banking - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fractional-reserve_banking

    6 days ago · Main article: Money creation When a loan is made by the commercial bank, the bank is keeping only a fraction of central bank money as reserves and the money supply expands by the size of the loan. This process is called "deposit multiplication". The proceeds of most bank loans are not in the form of currency.

  9. 信用創造 - Wikipedia

    ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/信用創造

    Jun 15, 2020 · 信用創造(しんようそうぞう、英: money creation )とは、銀行が貸し付けによって預金通貨を創造できる仕組みを表す 。 簡易には準備預金制度のもとで、銀行のみが有する「貨幣を生み出す」機能を指す 。

  10. Federal Reserve - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Reserve_System

    5 days ago · The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve or simply the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States of America.It was created on December 23, 1913, with the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act, after a series of financial panics (particularly the panic of 1907) led to the desire for central control of the monetary system in order to alleviate financial crises.

  11. Other ways to give - Wikimedia Foundation

    donate.wikimedia.org/wiki/Ways_to_Give

    Jun 18, 2020 · The gift does not cost you anything right now, but will be a future gift to the Wikimedia Endowment to help us preserve, build and ensure the future of free knowledge for future generations. The gift from your estate is exempt from U.S. federal estate taxes and ensures that your entire gift will support Wikipedia and its sister sites.

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