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    Nabonidus ( Babylonian cuneiform: Nabû-naʾid, [2] [3] meaning "May Nabu be exalted" [3] or "Nabu is praised") [4] was the last king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, ruling from 556 BC to the fall of Babylon to the Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus the Great in 539 BC.

    • 25 May 556 BC – 13 October 539 BC
    • Adad-guppi
  2. Nabonidus, also spelled Nabu-Naʾid (“Reverer of Nabu”), king of Babylonia from 556 until 539 bc, when Babylon fell to Cyrus, king of Persia. After a popular rising led by the priests of Marduk, chief god of the city, Nabonidus, who favoured the moon god Sin, made his son Belshazzar coregent and spent much of his reign in Arabia.

    • Reign
    • The Persian Conquest
    • Nabonidus' Death and Legacy
    • See Also
    • References
    • External Links

    In most ancient accounts, Nabonidus is depicted as a royal anomaly. He worshiped the moon god Sîn (mythology) beyond all the other gods, and paid special devotion to Sîn's temple in Harran, where his mother was a priestess. After successful campaigns in Edom and Cilicia (modern Turkey) early in his reign, he left Babylon, residing at the rich deser...

    Various accounts survive describing the fall of Babylon during the reign of Nabonidus. According to the Cyrus cylinder, the people opened their gates for Cyrus and greeted him as a liberator. Herodotus says that Cyrus defeated the Babylonian army outside the city, after which he instituted a siege of city. When this took too long, he diverted the E...

    Accounts by Berossus and others mention that Nabonidus' life was spared, and that he was allowed to retire in Carmania. This conforms with other accounts indicating that Cyrus the Greatwas known for sparing the lives of the kings whom he had defeated when it served his purposes. Nabonidus successor, Cyrus, brought an end to the Neo-Babylonian Empir...

    Beard, Mary, and John A. North. Pagan Priests: Religion and Power in the Ancient World. London: Duckworth, 1990. ISBN 9780715622063.
    Beaulieu, Paul-Alain. The Reign of Nabonidus, King of Babylon, 556-539 B.C.E. Yale Near Eastern researches, 10. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989. ISBN 9780300043143.
    —. Legal and Administrative Texts from the Reign of Nabonidus. Yale oriental series, v. 19. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000. ISBN 9780300057706.
    Crawford, Harriet E. W. Regime Change in the Ancient Near East and Egypt: From Sargon of Agade to Saddam Hussein. Proceedings of the British Academy, 136. Oxford: Oxford University Press for The Br...

    All links retrieved November 2, 2018. 1. Nabonidus Cylinder from Sippar www.livius.org 2. Nabonidus Cylinder from Ur www.livius.org 3. Nabonidus Chronicle www.livius.org

    • The Early Years of Nabonidus
    • Last Years of Nabonidus
    • Resources
    • References

    In an inscription from early in his reign, Nabonidus relates “I am Nabonidus, the only son, who has nobody. In my mind there was no thought of kingship.” Yet he came to the throne by being part of the conspiracy against the child king Labashi-Marduk, after which he was then chosen and installed by the conspirators to be the next king (556 BC). Noth...

    The Nabonidus Chronicle relates that in the final battles with the forces under Cyrus, Nabonidus, who apparently was defending Sippar, fled from the forces of Cyrus. Neither Nabonidus nor Cyrus were present at Babylon when Cyrus’s generals Gadatas and Gobryas (Ugbaru) took the city, Cyrus entering seventeen days later. Nabonidus therefore was not k...

    Paul-Alain Beaulieu, The Reign of Nabonidus, King of Babylon 556–539 B.C. (New Haven CT: Yale University Press, 1989).
    Xenophon, Cyropaedia: the education of Cyrus, translated by Henry Graham Dakyns and revised by F.M. Stawell.
    The Nabonidus Chronicle.
    J. B. Pritchard, ed., Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament (3rd ed.; Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1969). Abbreviated as ANET.
    Jump up ↑ Beaulieu, Reign of Nabonidus, 68.
    Jump up ↑ Ibid.
    Jump up ↑ Herodotus, "Histories" 1.188.1
    Jump up ↑ Beaulieu, Reign of Nabonidus, 67.
    • Labashi-Marduk
    • Cyaxares II (=“Darius the Mede”)
    • 556-539 BC
  3. NABONIDUS nă’ bə nī’ dəs (Lat. form of Gr. Ναβουνάιδος, also Herodotus [i. 74], Ααβυνητος; Akkad. Nabū-Na’id [“the god Nabū is to be revered”]). The last king of Chaldaean Babylonia, 556-539 b.c. 1. Sources.

  4. Aug 20, 2014 · Nabonidus was the last king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, reigning from 556-539 BC. He took the throne after the assassination of the boy-king Labashi-Marduk, who was murdered in a conspiracy only nine months after his inauguration. It is not known whether Nabonidus played a role in his death, but he was chosen as the new king soon after.

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