Nabopolassar ( Babylonian cuneiform: Nabû-apla-uṣur, meaning " Nabu, protect the son") was the founder and first king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, ruling from his coronation as king of Babylon in 626 BC to his death in 605 BC. Though initially only aimed at restoring and securing the independence of Babylonia, Nabopolassar's uprising ...
Nabopolassar, king of Babylon (626-605 b.c. ), was the first king of the Chaldean Dynasty, and the father of Nebuchadnezzar II. He was originally a petty Chaldean chieftain in southern Babylonia, but at the death of King Ashurbanipal of Assyria in 626 b.c., Nabopolassar became king of Babylon, and quickly thereafter seized Nippur and Uruk from ...
Mar 08, 2017 · Nabopolassar was the first king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, ruling from November 626 - August 605 B.C. He had been general in a revolt against Assyria after the Assyrian king Assurbanipal died in 631. Nabopolassar was made king on November 23, 626*. In 614, the Medes, led by Cyaxares ( [Uvakhshatra] king of the Umman Manda), conquered Assur ...
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Nabopolassar [Akk. Nabuɾ-apal-us̄ur —‘may Nabû protect the son’]. The ruler of a small southern Babylonian state who became king of Babylon (626–605 b.c.) after rebelling against Sin-šar-iškun, the son and successor of Ashurbanipal, in 626 b.c. Of professedly lowly origins, Nabopolassar was the founder
Aug 22, 2018 · Nabopolassar was the founder of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which existed between the 7th and 6th centuries BC. But the Neo-Assyrians that were losing power at the time didn’t make his rise easy. If the rebel ruler wanted to gain control he’d have to fight for it. Thankfully for him, the gods were apparently on his side.
- Neo-Babylonian Empire
- Death & Legacy
Nabopolassar (658-605 BC) was a Chaldean that was able to take control over the civilization of Babylonia and eventually defeat the Assyrian Empirewith a combined military alliance of people from throughout the region. Nabopolassar was the father to Nebuchadnezzar II who oversaw the brief golden age of Neo-Babylonia. It was under the brief Chaldean dynasty that Babylonia saw a resurrection in culture and prestige that would last even through the time of Alexander the Great.
Nabopolassar was instrumental in creating the military alliance that led to the final defeat of the Assyrian Empire. The death of King Ashurbanipal around 627 BCE created massive internal chaos and instability within Assyria. Conquering the city of Babylonfirst in 626 BCE he declared himself King of Babylonia. He made Babylon his new capital city and by 616 BCE he had united all of the territory of Babylonia back together and was able to launch an assault on the Assyrian capital cities. Nabopolassar joined forces with the Median King Cyaxares and battled with Ashurbanipal's son Ashur-etil-ilani for control over Assyria. By 615 BCE the Babylonians and Medias had won a decisive victory and conquered Nippur. While Nabopolassar was moving his forces to siege the capital city of Ashur the Medians were able to conquer it first. This only left the capital city of Ninevehas the major sphere of influence of Assyrian power.
Nabopolassar was very ill at the time and abdicated the throne soon before his death. Just after winning the fight in the Battle of Carchemish, Nebuchadnezzar was forced to rush back to Babylon to secure the throne. Thus when Nabopolassar died in 605 BCE the leadership of the new Chaldean Babylonia passed successfully and Nebuchadnezzar was able to rule over one of the greatest golden ages in the history of Babylon.
Other articles where Nabopolassar is discussed: Nebuchadnezzar II: …eldest son and successor of Nabopolassar, founder of the Chaldean empire. He is known from cuneiform inscriptions, the Bible and later Jewish sources, and classical authors. His name, from the Akkadian Nabu-kudurri-uṣur, means “O Nabu, watch over my heir.”