- By the time Russian troops arrived to liberate the camps in January of 1945, only Eva and her mother remained among the living. They returned to Amsterdam, where Eva’s mother eventually married Otto Frank, the father of Anne, making them stepsisters (Anne died of typhus at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945).
- Early Life
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Otto Frank was born into a liberal Jewish family. He was the second of four children born to Alice Betty (née Stern, 1865–1953) and Michael Frank (1851–1909). His elder brother was Robert Frank, and younger siblings were Herbert Frank and Helene (Leni) Frank. Otto was a cousin of the furniture designer Jean-Michel Frank and a grandson of Zacharias Frank. His father originally came from the town of Landau, and moved to Frankfurt in 1879, marrying Alice Stern in 1886. Alice and Michael Frank placed value on a middle-class education. Otto had music lessons, learned to ride a horse and visited the theatre and opera regularly. The Frank family enjoyed a large circle of friends, and kept a welcoming home. Otto studied economics in Heidelberg from 1908 to 1909 and had a work experience placement at Macy's Department Store in New York Citythanks to a college friend his age, Nathan Straus Jr. However, after leaving for New York, he had to return...
Frank served in the Imperial German Army during the First World War. He and his two brothers were called up for military service in August 1915 and after training at a depot in Mainz, he served in an artillery unit on the Western Front in which most soldiers were mathematicians and surveyors. He was attached to the infantry as a range-finder at the Battle of the Somme in 1916. In 1917 he was promoted in the field to lieutenant and served at the Battle of Cambraibut two of his French cousins, Oscar and Georges, were killed in action. According to other sources, Otto was late returning home because he was ordered to confiscate two horses from a farmer and returned them to the farmer when the war ended in defeat .
Frank worked in the bank that his father initially ran, which subsequently he and his brothers took over until its collapse in the early 1930s. He married Edith Holländer – an heiress to a scrap-metal and industrial-supply business – on his 36th birthday, 12 May 1925, at the synagogue in Aachen, Edith's home town. Edith was 25 when they married. Their elder daughter, Margot Frank (Margot Betti), was born 16 February 1926, followed by their younger daughter, Anne (Annelies Marie), on 12 June 1929. Edith died of starvation and disease in Auschwitz on 6 January 1945. In late October 1944, Margot and Anne were transferred from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp where they died, possibly of typhus. Frank married Elfriede Geiringer in 1953, who assisted him with the Anne Frank Foundation, founded by Otto Frank ten years later. Geiringer's daughter, Eva Schloss, is a Holocaust survivor, peace activist and international speaker.
As the tide of Nazism rose in Germany and anti-Jewish decrees encouraged attacks on Jewish individuals and families, Otto decided to evacuate his family. In August 1933, they relocated to Aachen, where his mother-in-law resided, in preparation for a subsequent and final move to Amsterdamin the Netherlands. In the same year, Otto's widowed mother Alice fled to Switzerland. Otto's brother-in-law Erich Elias (husband of his younger sister Leni and father of Buddy Elias) worked in Basel for Opekta, a company that sold spices and pectin for use in the manufacture of jam. Originating in Germany, the company was looking to expand its operations in Europe, and Erich arranged for Otto to work as Opekta's agent in Amsterdam, allowing Otto to have an income to support his family. Otto and his family lived in Merwedeplein in the modern suburb of Amsterdam-Zuid; they came to know many other German emigrant families. In 1938, Ot...
After Anne Frank's death was confirmed in the summer of 1945, her diary and papers were given to Otto Frank by Miep Gies, who rescued them from the ransacked hiding place. Frank left them unread for some time but eventually began transcribing them for his relatives in Switzerland. He was persuaded that Anne's writing shed light on the experiences of those who suffered persecution under the Nazis and was urged to consider publishing it. He typed out the diary into a single manuscript, editing out sections he thought too personal to his family or too mundane to be of interest to the general reader. The manuscript was read by Dutch historian Jan Romein, who reviewed it on 3 April 1946 for the Het Paroolnewspaper. This attracted the interest of Amsterdam's Contact Publishing, which accepted it for publication in the summer of 1946. Otto Frank is now recognized as a co-author of the diary. On 25 June 1947, the first Dutch edi...The Diary of a Young Girl, Anne Frank ISBN 0-553-29698-1Anne Frank Remembered, Miep Gies and Alison Leslie Gold ISBN 0-671-66234-1Anne Frank: The Untold Story. The hidden truth about Elli Vossen, the youngest helper of the Secret Annex, Jeroen De Bruyn and Joop van Wijk ISBN 9789082901306The Hidden Life of Otto Frank, Carol Ann Lee ISBN 0-670-91331-6
Otto Frank was played by British actor, Ben Kingsley in the miniseries Anne Frank: The Whole Story. Otto was portrayed by Italian actor, Emilio Solfrizziin the TV movie "Memories of Anne Frank"
Jun 11, 2021 · 1 hour ago Otto Frank, Anne Frank’s father, with fellow soldiers 1915-1916 [939 x 1536] 5 hours ago Italian soldier with his dog in an outpost in Ukraine, 1942 9 hours ago Shirley Lee dresses, 1950s 12 hours ago US Marine giving a child candy, Tinian, Mariana Islands, 1944 21 hours ago Reporter Percy Knauth examines the dirt and debris at the bottom of the trench in the garden of the Reich ...
4 days ago · Anne's father, Otto Frank, was the only member of the family to survive the war. He returned to Amsterdam and stayed with his former secretary, Miep Gies. After the Franks and their friends were discovered and taken away, Gies had found and saved Anne's diary in hopes of being able to return it to her.
Jun 12, 2021 · After the war, her father Otto Frank, who miraculously survived Auschwitz concentration camp, made her diary into a book. Early Life Anne Frank was born on 12 June 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany, she lived most of her life in or near Amsterdam, Netherlands, having moved there with her family at the age of four and a half when the Nazis gained ...
Jun 08, 2021 · Anne’s great-great grandfather was a wealthy merchant, and most of her other descendants were historically academics and booksellers. In 1889, Anne’s father (Otto) was born, and in 1925, Otto married Anne’s mother, Edith. The Franks placed great emphasis on a good education.
Jun 15, 2021 · Otto Frank (Anne Frank’s father) also left a note that hinted they were going to Switzerland. How did Anne Frank Bathe? All of this affected Anne, so she would crawl into her father’s bed, shaking with nerves and trying to find protection from the sounds and noises. While in hiding, they only had a messy, torn-up tin tub to bathe in.
- Why Should We Watch The Anne Frank Film?
- The Diary. The Play. The Film.
- The Plot
- The End of The Diary…
- The End of The Film…
- in The End…What Happened to Them All?
In 2020, we also became more keenly aware of the rise of anti-Semitism and white nationalism in America and around the world. In this sense as well, “The Diary of Anne Frank”is more important than ever. 2018 marked the 60th anniversary of the first release of this historic film, the first American-made Holocaust film. With the hate rhetoric we are seeing, where people divide others round them, we see what can happen when hatred goes unchecked. Beth Kern, executive director of the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust, feels that the Anne Frank’s message is more important than ever.She thinks that it is an important time to show the film again because Anne’s diary is really a coming-of-age story, something to which a lot of young people can relate in today’s world. Today’s young people can relate to Anne’s experience after having been cooped up with their families in their homes for much of 2020. She desperately missed her friends, her daily life, youthful fun–in the same way today’s y...
The film was positively received by critics and is still often considered the best film adaptation of Anne Frank’s diary. The exteriors were filmed at the actual building in Amsterdam. The film was shot in Los Angeles on a sound stage duplicate of the factory. As I watched the movie again, after recently visiting the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam, I can attest to its authenticity.
Anne Frank’s older sister, Margot, received a letter ordering her to report to a work camp in Germany in July 1942. This was the impetus that caused the Frank family, living in Amsterdam, to go into hiding in an attic apartment behind Otto Frank’s business, located at Prinsengracht 263 in Amsterdam, on July 6, 1942.
In April 1944, amid talk of liberation, the Franks watch helplessly as more Jews are marched through the streets. By July 1944, the invasion has bogged down. Anne writes that her diary provides her with a way to go on living after her death. The Van Daans quarrel. Peter declares that he cannot tolerate the situation. Anne reminds him of the goodness of those who have come to their aid. Sirens of an approaching police truck. Certain of their impending arrest, Anne and Peter bravely stand arm in arm, passionately kiss. Uniformed German police break down the bookcase entrance to the hideout. Otto declares they no longer have to live in fear, but can go forward in hope. The curtain closes on this part of their story. We don’t see them taken away, but history has filled in the blanks for us. We know the end of the story.
The lights return and we are once again in the attic with Otto, Miep and Kraler in 1945. Otto tells them that, after his release from Auschwitz, he learned that Edith, Margot, the Van Daans, and Dussell had all perished. He held out hope that perhaps Anne had somehow survived. Sadly, just the day before, he met a woman who had been in Bergen-Belsen with Anne; she confirmed her death as well. Otto glances at Anne’s diary in his lap and reads, “In spite of everything, I still believe that people are really good at heart,”and reflects upon her unshakeable optimism.
In the German documents surviving the war, we learn that Anne Frank and the others from the annex were arrested on August 4th, 1944 and moved to Auschwitz in early September, 1944. That same night, a group including Hans Van Daan was gassed. Otto and Edith Frank remained at Auschwitz where Edith perished from starvation and exhaustion in early January, 1945. In October/November, 1944, Anne and Margot were sent to Bergen-Belsen where they both died of typhus; Margo died in March and Anne in April, 1945. The others were sent to various other camps; none survived.
Jun 11, 2021 · Unfortunately, Anne along with her family were eventually captured and killed, except for her father Otto Frank, who ended up finding the book and publishing it.
May 24, 2021 · Only her father, Otto Frank, survived the war, devastated to learn that Anne and her sister Margot both died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in February or March 1945. Their mother, Edith, died of starvation in Auschwitz, sneaking her food to her daughters.
- related to: Otto Frank, Father of Anne