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      • By the time Russian troops arrived to liberate the camps in January of 1945, only Eva and her mother remained among the living. They returned to Amsterdam, where Eva’s mother eventually married Otto Frank, the father of Anne, making them stepsisters (Anne died of typhus at Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945).
  1. Otto Frank — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Otto_Frank
    • Early Life
    • World War I
    • Marriage and Children
    • World War II
    • Post-War Life
    • Books
    • Films
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    Otto Frank was born into a lib­eral Jew­ish fam­ily. He was the sec­ond of four chil­dren born to Alice Betty (née Stern, 1865–1953) and Michael Frank (1851–1909). His elder brother was Robert Frank, and younger sib­lings were Her­bert Frank and He­lene (Leni) Frank. Otto was a cousin of the fur­ni­ture de­signer Jean-Michel Frank and a grand­son of Zacharias Frank. His fa­ther orig­i­nally came from the town of Lan­dau, and moved to Frank­furt in 1879, mar­ry­ing Alice Stern in 1886. Alice and Michael Frank placed value on a mid­dle-class ed­u­ca­tion. Otto had music lessons, learned to ride a horse and vis­ited the the­atre and opera reg­u­larly. The Frank fam­ily en­joyed a large cir­cle of friends, and kept a wel­com­ing home. Otto stud­ied eco­nom­ics in Hei­del­berg from 1908 to 1909 and had a work ex­pe­ri­ence place­ment at Macy's De­part­ment Store in New York Citythanks to a col­lege friend his age, Nathan Straus Jr. How­ever, after leav­ing for New York, he had to re­turn...

    Frank served in the Im­pe­r­ial Ger­man Army dur­ing the First World War. He and his two broth­ers were called up for mil­i­tary ser­vice in Au­gust 1915 and after train­ing at a depot in Mainz, he served in an ar­tillery unit on the West­ern Front in which most sol­diers were math­e­mati­cians and sur­vey­ors. He was at­tached to the in­fantry as a range-finder at the Bat­tle of the Somme in 1916. In 1917 he was pro­moted in the field to lieu­tenant and served at the Bat­tle of Cam­braibut two of his French cousins, Oscar and Georges, were killed in ac­tion. Ac­cord­ing to other sources, Otto was late re­turn­ing home be­cause he was or­dered to con­fis­cate two horses from a farmer and re­turned them to the farmer when the war ended in de­feat .

    Frank worked in the bank that his fa­ther ini­tially ran, which sub­se­quently he and his broth­ers took over until its col­lapse in the early 1930s. He mar­ried Edith Holländer – an heiress to a scrap-metal and in­dus­trial-sup­ply busi­ness – on his 36th birth­day, 12 May 1925, at the syn­a­gogue in Aachen, Edith's home town. Edith was 25 when they mar­ried. Their elder daugh­ter, Mar­got Frank (Mar­got Betti), was born 16 Feb­ru­ary 1926, fol­lowed by their younger daugh­ter, Anne (An­nelies Marie), on 12 June 1929. Edith died of star­va­tion and dis­ease in Auschwitz on 6 Jan­u­ary 1945. In late Oc­to­ber 1944, Mar­got and Anne were trans­ferred from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen con­cen­tra­tion camp where they died, pos­si­bly of ty­phus. Frank mar­ried El­friede Geiringer in 1953, who as­sisted him with the Anne Frank Foun­da­tion, founded by Otto Frank ten years later. Geiringer's daugh­ter, Eva Schloss, is a Holo­caust sur­vivor, peace ac­tivist and in­ter­na­tional speaker.

    As the tide of Nazism rose in Ger­many and anti-Jew­ish de­crees en­cour­aged at­tacks on Jew­ish in­di­vid­u­als and fam­i­lies, Otto de­cided to evac­u­ate his fam­ily. In Au­gust 1933, they re­lo­cated to Aachen, where his mother-in-law resided, in prepa­ra­tion for a sub­se­quent and final move to Am­s­ter­damin the Nether­lands. In the same year, Otto's wid­owed mother Alice fled to Switzer­land. Otto's brother-in-law Erich Elias (hus­band of his younger sis­ter Leni and fa­ther of Buddy Elias) worked in Basel for Opekta, a com­pany that sold spices and pectin for use in the man­u­fac­ture of jam. Orig­i­nat­ing in Ger­many, the com­pany was look­ing to ex­pand its op­er­a­tions in Eu­rope, and Erich arranged for Otto to work as Opekta's agent in Am­s­ter­dam, al­low­ing Otto to have an in­come to sup­port his fam­ily. Otto and his fam­ily lived in Mer­wede­plein in the mod­ern sub­urb of Am­s­ter­dam-Zuid; they came to know many other Ger­man em­i­grant fam­i­lies. In 1938, Ot...

    After Anne Frank's death was con­firmed in the sum­mer of 1945, her diary and pa­pers were given to Otto Frank by Miep Gies, who res­cued them from the ran­sacked hid­ing place. Frank left them un­read for some time but even­tu­ally began tran­scrib­ing them for his rel­a­tives in Switzer­land. He was per­suaded that Anne's writ­ing shed light on the ex­pe­ri­ences of those who suf­fered per­se­cu­tion under the Nazis and was urged to con­sider pub­lish­ing it. He typed out the diary into a sin­gle man­u­script, edit­ing out sec­tions he thought too per­sonal to his fam­ily or too mun­dane to be of in­ter­est to the gen­eral reader. The man­u­script was read by Dutch his­to­rian Jan Romein, who re­viewed it on 3 April 1946 for the Het Pa­roolnews­pa­per. This at­tracted the in­ter­est of Am­s­ter­dam's Con­tact Pub­lish­ing, which ac­cepted it for pub­li­ca­tion in the sum­mer of 1946. Otto Frank is now rec­og­nized as a co-au­thor of the diary. On 25 June 1947, the first Dutch edi­...

    The Diary of a Young Girl, Anne Frank ISBN 0-553-29698-1
    Anne Frank Remembered, Miep Gies and Alison Leslie Gold ISBN 0-671-66234-1
    Anne Frank: The Untold Story. The hidden truth about Elli Vossen, the youngest helper of the Secret Annex, Jeroen De Bruyn and Joop van Wijk ISBN 9789082901306
    The Hidden Life of Otto Frank, Carol Ann Lee ISBN 0-670-91331-6

    Otto Frank was played by British actor, Ben Kings­ley in the minis­eries Anne Frank: The Whole Story. Otto was por­trayed by Ital­ian actor, Emilio Sol­frizziin the TV movie "Mem­o­ries of Anne Frank"

  2. Otto Frank, Anne Frank's father, with fellow soldiers 1915 ... › 2021/06/11 › otto-frank-anne-franks

    Jun 11, 2021 · 1 hour ago Otto Frank, Anne Frank’s father, with fellow soldiers 1915-1916 [939 x 1536] 5 hours ago Italian soldier with his dog in an outpost in Ukraine, 1942 9 hours ago Shirley Lee dresses, 1950s 12 hours ago US Marine giving a child candy, Tinian, Mariana Islands, 1944 21 hours ago Reporter Percy Knauth examines the dirt and debris at the bottom of the trench in the garden of the Reich ...

  3. Why Anne Frank's Diary Wasn't Published At First › 434688 › why-anne-franks-diary-wasn

    4 days ago · Anne's father, Otto Frank, was the only member of the family to survive the war. He returned to Amsterdam and stayed with his former secretary, Miep Gies. After the Franks and their friends were discovered and taken away, Gies had found and saved Anne's diary in hopes of being able to return it to her.

  4. Remembering Anne Frank - Observer Voice › remembering-anne-frank-2550

    Jun 12, 2021 · After the war, her father Otto Frank, who miraculously survived Auschwitz concentration camp, made her diary into a book. Early Life Anne Frank was born on 12 June 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany, she lived most of her life in or near Amsterdam, Netherlands, having moved there with her family at the age of four and a half when the Nazis gained ...

  5. The Story of the Anne Frank Family | Literature Essay Samples › the-story-of-the-anne

    Jun 08, 2021 · Anne’s great-great grandfather was a wealthy merchant, and most of her other descendants were historically academics and booksellers. In 1889, Anne’s father (Otto) was born, and in 1925, Otto married Anne’s mother, Edith. The Franks placed great emphasis on a good education.

  6. Where is the secret annex located? › where-is-the-secret-annex-located

    Jun 15, 2021 · Otto Frank (Anne Frank’s father) also left a note that hinted they were going to Switzerland. How did Anne Frank Bathe? All of this affected Anne, so she would crawl into her father’s bed, shaking with nerves and trying to find protection from the sounds and noises. While in hiding, they only had a messy, torn-up tin tub to bathe in.

  7. Film Discussion – Anne Frank: the Diary of a Young Girl ... › 2021/05/24 › film-anne-frank
    • Why Should We Watch The Anne Frank Film?
    • The Diary. The Play. The Film.
    • The Plot
    • The End of The Diary…
    • The End of The Film…
    • in The End…What Happened to Them All?

    In 2020, we also became more keenly aware of the rise of anti-Semitism and white nationalism in America and around the world. In this sense as well, “The Diary of Anne Frank”is more important than ever. 2018 marked the 60th anniversary of the first release of this historic film, the first American-made Holocaust film. With the hate rhetoric we are seeing, where people divide others round them, we see what can happen when hatred goes unchecked. Beth Kern, executive director of the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust, feels that the Anne Frank’s message is more important than ever.She thinks that it is an important time to show the film again because Anne’s diary is really a coming-of-age story, something to which a lot of young people can relate in today’s world. Today’s young people can relate to Anne’s experience after having been cooped up with their families in their homes for much of 2020. She desperately missed her friends, her daily life, youthful fun–in the same way today’s y...

    The film was positively received by critics and is still often considered the best film adaptation of Anne Frank’s diary. The exteriors were filmed at the actual building in Amsterdam. The film was shot in Los Angeles on a sound stage duplicate of the factory. As I watched the movie again, after recently visiting the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam, I can attest to its authenticity.

    Anne Frank’s older sister, Margot, received a letter ordering her to report to a work camp in Germany in July 1942. This was the impetus that caused the Frank family, living in Amsterdam, to go into hiding in an attic apartment behind Otto Frank’s business, located at Prinsengracht 263 in Amsterdam, on July 6, 1942.

    In April 1944, amid talk of liberation, the Franks watch helplessly as more Jews are marched through the streets. By July 1944, the invasion has bogged down. Anne writes that her diary provides her with a way to go on living after her death. The Van Daans quarrel. Peter declares that he cannot tolerate the situation. Anne reminds him of the goodness of those who have come to their aid. Sirens of an approaching police truck. Certain of their impending arrest, Anne and Peter bravely stand arm in arm, passionately kiss. Uniformed German police break down the bookcase entrance to the hideout. Otto declares they no longer have to live in fear, but can go forward in hope. The curtain closes on this part of their story. We don’t see them taken away, but history has filled in the blanks for us. We know the end of the story.

    The lights return and we are once again in the attic with Otto, Miep and Kraler in 1945. Otto tells them that, after his release from Auschwitz, he learned that Edith, Margot, the Van Daans, and Dussell had all perished. He held out hope that perhaps Anne had somehow survived. Sadly, just the day before, he met a woman who had been in Bergen-Belsen with Anne; she confirmed her death as well. Otto glances at Anne’s diary in his lap and reads, “In spite of everything, I still believe that people are really good at heart,”and reflects upon her unshakeable optimism.

    In the German documents surviving the war, we learn that Anne Frank and the others from the annex were arrested on August 4th, 1944 and moved to Auschwitz in early September, 1944. That same night, a group including Hans Van Daan was gassed. Otto and Edith Frank remained at Auschwitz where Edith perished from starvation and exhaustion in early January, 1945. In October/November, 1944, Anne and Margot were sent to Bergen-Belsen where they both died of typhus; Margo died in March and Anne in April, 1945. The others were sent to various other camps; none survived.

  8. My learning from Anne Frank as she turns 92 | The Daily Star › book-reviews › news

    Jun 11, 2021 · Unfortunately, Anne along with her family were eventually captured and killed, except for her father Otto Frank, who ended up finding the book and publishing it.

  9. Novel Discussion – Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl ... › 2021/05/24 › anne-frank-diary

    May 24, 2021 · Only her father, Otto Frank, survived the war, devastated to learn that Anne and her sister Margot both died in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany in February or March 1945. Their mother, Edith, died of starvation in Auschwitz, sneaking her food to her daughters.

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