Philip III (1 May 1245 – 5 October 1285), called the Bold (French: le Hardi), was king of France from 1270 until his death in 1285. His father, Louis IX, died in Tunis during the Eighth Crusade. Philip, who was accompanying him, returned to France and was anointed king at Reims in 1271.
Sep 29, 2020 · Philip III of France,called the Bold (French: Philippe III le Hardi) (30 April 1245 – 5 October 1285), reigned as King of France from 1270 to 1285. A member of the House of Capet, he was born in Poissy, the son of Louis IX of France and of Marguerite of Provence.
- "el Atrevido"
- Poissy, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France
- May 01, 1245
- Saint Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, France
Oct 01, 2021 · Philip III, byname Philip the Bold, French Philippe le Hardi, (born April 3, 1245, Poissy, Fr.—died Oct. 5, 1285, Perpignan), king of France (1270–85), in whose reign the power of the monarchy was enlarged and the royal domain extended, though his foreign policy and military ventures were largely unsuccessful.
- Review from Dante
- Marriage and Children
Philip was born in Poissy to King Saint Louis IX of France and Margaret of Provence, queen consort of France. As a younger son, Philip was not expected to rule a kingdom. At the death of his elder brother Louisin 1260, he became the heir to the throne. He was then 15 years old and had less skill than his brother, being of a gentle character, submissive, timid and versatile, almost crushed by the strong personalities of his parents. His mother Margaret made him promise to remain under her tute...
Advent of Sorrow
Following the Treaty of Corbeil (1258), concluded on March 11, 1258 between James I of Aragon and his father, Philip was married in 1262 to Isabella of Aragon in Clermont by the archbishop of Rouen Eudes Rigaud. As Count of Orléans, he accompanied his father to the Eighth Crusade in Tunis, 1270. Shortly before his departure, St. Louis had given the regency of the kingdom into the hands of Mathieu de Vendôme and Simon II de Clermont-Nesle, Count of Clermont, to whom he had also entrusted the r...
Alphonse, Count of Poitiers and Toulouse, uncle of the newly crowned king Philip III, returning from the crusade, died childless in Italy on 21 August 1271. Philip inherited the counties from his uncle and united them to the Crown lands of France, the royal domain. His inheritance included a portion of Auvergne, then the Terre royale d'Auvergne, later the Duchy of Auvergne. In accordance with wishes of Alphonse, he granted the Comtat Venaissin to Blessed Pope Gregory X in 1274. This inheritan...
In Divine Comedy, Dante envisions the spirit of Philip outside the gates of Purgatory with a number of other contemporary European rulers. Dante does not name Philip directly, but refers to him as "the small-nosed" and "the father of the Pest of France," a reference to king Philip IV of France.
On 28 May 1262, Philip married Isabella, daughter of King James I of Aragon and his second wife Yolande of Hungary.They had the following children: 1. Louis(died May 1276). He was poisoned, possibly by orders of his stepmother. 2. Philip IV of France (1268 – 29 November 1314), his successor, married Joan I of Navarre 3. Robert (1269–1271) 4. Charles, Count of Valois (12 March 1270 – 16 December 1325), Count of Valois from 1284, married first to Margaret of Anjou in 1290, second to Catherine I of Courtenay in 1302, and last to Mahaut of Chatillonin 1308 5. Stillborn son (1271) After death of Queen Isabella, he married on 21 August 1274 Marie, daughter of the late Henry III, Duke of Brabant, and Adelaide of Burgundy, Duchess of Brabant. Their children were: 1. Louis, Count of Évreux (May 1276 – 19 May 1319), Count of Évreux from 1298, married Margaret of Artois 2. Blanche of France, Duchess of Austria (1278 – 19 March 1305, Vienna), married the duke, the future king Rudolf I of Bohemi...
Philip III of France. Philip III (1 May 1245 – 5 October 1285), called the Bold (French: le Hardi), was king of France from 1270 until his death in 1285. His father, Louis IX, died in Tunis during the Eighth Crusade. Read more on Wikipedia. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philip III of France has received more than 760,479 page views.
- King of France
- Final Year
Philip III’s accession began on a sad note. Shortly after his father’s death, the king’s wife, Isabella, died after falling from her horse. Devastated by these losses, Philip retreated into governing. During his reign, the king retained many of Louis IX’s advisors. By doing this, the king hoped to continue his father’s successful administration. In 1276, Philip experienced another loss after his heir, Prince Louis, died.
After his second failed military campaign, Philip III and his remaining men traveled back to France. As he traveled, the king began to suffer from a fever. Unable to recover, Philip would succumb to it on October 5, 1285. Upon his death, Prince Philip succeeded his father as King Philip IV.
Philip III’s reign followed one of the most successful in France’s history: Louis IX. Despite being overshadowed by his father, Philip succeeded in his own right. Over fifteen years, the king expanded the monarchy’s territory and increased Capetian power. These advancements would prove invaluable to his descendants. Although he failed militarily, the king left behind a secure and powerful France to Philip IV.
Bradbury, J. (2010). The Capetians: Kings of France, 987-1328. London: Hambledon Continuum. Dougherty, M. J. (2018). Crusaders, Persecutors and Religious Reformers. In Kings & Queens of the Medieval World: From Conquerors and Exiles to Madmen and Saints (pp. 76-78). London: Amber Books. Philip III. (n.d.). Retrieved January 19, 2021, from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Philip-III-king-of-France
Philip III made numerous territorial acquisitions during his reign, the most notable being the County of Toulouse, which was annexed to the Crown lands of France in 1271. Following the Sicilian Vespers, a rebellion triggered by Pedro III of Aragon against Philippe’s uncle Charles I of Naples.