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  1. Rev: Crowned shield of Philip IV within Golden Fleece collar. Philip IV ( Spanish: Felipe, Portuguese: Filipe; 8 April 1605 – 17 September 1665), also called the Planet King (Spanish: Rey Planeta ), was King of Spain from 1621 to his death and (as Philip III) King of Portugal from 1621 to 1640.

  2. Apr 4, 2023 · Philip IV, (born April 8, 1605, Valladolid, Spain—died Sept. 17, 1665, Madrid), king of Spain (1621–65) and of Portugal (1621–40), during the decline of Spain as a great world power. He succeeded his father, Philip III of Spain, in 1621, and, for the first 22 years of his reign, Philip’s valido, or chief minister, was the Conde-Duque de Olivares, who took the spread of the Thirty Years ...

    • The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
  3. Philip IV’s reign Spain and the Thirty Years’ War. In 1620, following the defeat of Frederick V (the elector palatine, or prince, from the Rhineland who had accepted the crown of Bohemia when it was offered to him in 1618) and the Bohemians, Spanish troops from the Netherlands entered the “Winter King’s” hereditary dominions of the Rhenish Palatinate.

  4. Philip IV. as Philip IV king of Spain from 1621; as Philip III king of Portugal 1621–1640. Born in Valladolid (Spain) on 8 April 1605. Died in Madrid on 17 September 1665. His reign represented an epoch of cultural brilliance for Spain in the latter years of the ‘Golden Age’, but also marked the political decline and fall of this great ...

  5. Philip IV of Spain. (King of Portugal (1621 - 1640), King of Spain (1621 - 1665)) Philip IV was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip III) in the 17th century. Shortly after he came to power in 1621, the conflicts against the Dutch that were rampant in his father's reign, resumed. Even though Philip was an intelligent ruler, he relied too ...

  6. May 23, 2018 · Philip IV (1605-1665) was king of Spain from 1621 to 1665. During his reign Spain was engaged in foreign wars and torn by internal revolt. Born on April 8, 1605, Philip IV succeeded his father, Philip III, in 1621. He was more intelligent than his father but like him allowed his government to be run by minister-favorites.

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