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  1. Plains of Abraham - Wikipedia › wiki › Plains_of_Abraham

    The Plains of Abraham is a historic area within the Battlefields Park in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. The land is the site of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, which took place on 13 September 1759, but hundreds of acres of the fields became used for grazing, housing, and minor industrial structures. Only in 1908 was the land ceded to Quebec City, though administered by the specifically created and federally-run National Battlefields Commission. The park is today used by 4 million visitors an

    • 98 ha (240 acres)
    • National Battlefields Commission (Canadian Crown)
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  3. Battle of the Plains of Abraham - Wikipedia › Battle_of_the_Plains_of_Abraham

    The Battle of the Plains of Abraham, also known as the Battle of Quebec, was a pivotal battle in the Seven Years' War. The battle, which began on 13 September 1759, was fought on a plateau by the British Army and Royal Navy against the French Army, just outside the walls of Quebec City on land that was originally owned by a farmer named Abraham Martin, hence the name of the battle. The battle involved fewer than 10,000 troops in total, but proved to be a deciding moment in the conflict between F

    • British victory
  4. Plains of Abraham | plateau, Quebec, Canada | Britannica › place › Plains-of-Abraham

    Plains of Abraham, also called Heights Of Abraham, French Plaines D’abraham, plains in Québec region, southern Quebec province, Canada. The plains lie at the western edge of the old walled city, overlooking the St. Lawrence River. The plateau was the scene of a battle (Sept. 13, 1759) between the French under the Marquis de Montcalm and the British under James Wolfe in which both leaders were killed but which secured Quebec for the British.

  5. Battle of the Plains of Abraham | Visit Québec City › battle-plains-abraham

    Battle of the Plains of Abraham. The fate of New France was decided on September 13, 1759, in Québec City, on the Plains of Abraham. This famous battle pitted French troops against English, with their respective Generals Louis‑Joseph de Montcalm and James Wolfe leading the charge. What most people don’t know is that the battle was part of a global conflict.

  6. Plains of Abraham (Quebec City) - 2021 All You Need to Know ... › Attraction_Review-g155033-d

    Hiking on the Plains of Abraham provided a panoramic view of Old Quebec City. It is breathtaking and will give pause to the beauty of it all. The British were fighting the French and Indian War in America and the Seven Years War in Europe at the time of the battle on September 13, 1759. During the battle.

    • (2.4K)
    • 835 Wilfrid-Laurier Ave, Quebec City, G1R 2L3
  7. Battle of the Plains of Abraham | The Canadian Encyclopedia › en › article
    • Seven Years’ War
    • Expedition to Quebec
    • The British Attack
    • The Battle of The Plains of Abraham
    • Aftermath
    • Legacy and Significance

    The battle was a key moment in the Seven Years’ War(1756–63), which was fought in Europe, India and North America (American history books refer to the conflict in North America as the French and Indian War). On one side was the alliance of France, Austria, Sweden, Saxony, Russia and Spain; on the other, the alliance of Britain, Prussia and Hanover. While France was preoccupied by the hostilities in Europe, Britain targeted French colonies overseas and attacked the French navy and merchant fleet, in the hope of destroying France as a commercial rival. Although the French repulsed several British attacks in North America — including the successful defence of Fort Carillon by Montcalm — the British had made significant gains by 1759. On 26 July 1758, they captured the fortress of Louisbourg on Île Royale (Cape Breton Island), which led to the seizure of other French positions in Atlantic Canada, and left New France exposed to British ships, which could now sail up the St. Lawrence Rive...

    James Wolfe was appointed commanding officer of the British assault against the fortress city of Quebec in 1759. He was supported by a naval force under Vice-Admiral Charles Saunders. Wolfe’s army comprised more than 8,000 British regular soldiers and nearly 900 Americans (Rangers and Colonial Pioneers) as well as 2,100 Royal Marines. Quebec’s defenders numbered more than 18,000 men. The majority of these (about 11,000) were Canadian militiamen, who had little military training and no experience in pitched battles. The French force included approximately 5,600 professionals: 2,400 regular troops, 1,100 Troupes de la Marine and 2,100 members of the French navy. Nearly 1,800 Indigenous warriors (including Mi’kmaq, Wolastoqiyik(Maliseet), Abenaki, Potawatomi, Odawa and Wendat) were also involved in the defence of Quebec. On 27 June 1759, Wolfe and his men landed on the Île d’Orléans; by the middle of July, the British also occupied positions on the southern bank of the St. Lawrence Riv...

    James Wolfe decided to land at L’Anse-au-Foulon, about 3 km upstream from Quebec City, at the base of a cliff 53 m high. While historians have debated the logic and merits of this decision, the British were fortunate, as the area was only lightly defended. Operating in darkness and silence, the naval boats fought the strong currents of the St. Lawrence and landed the advance force at just after 4 a.m. on 13 September 1759. A British force of light infantrymen led by Colonel William Howe (who would later command British forces during the American Revolution) scrambled up the cliff and subdued the French picket (advance guard). By the time the sun rose, Wolfe and the first division were on the plateau, and by 8 a.m. the entire force of 4,500 men had assembled. The British force stretched across the Plains of Abraham (named for 17th-century fisherman Abraham Martin) in a shallow horseshoe formation about 1 km long and two ranks deep.

    When Montcalm heard about the British landing and ascent, he decided to attack quickly before the British had the chance to establish themselves. Historians have criticized his response, suggesting that he should have waited for reinforcements to arrive from French detachments in the area. The French force consisted of about 4,500 men from the army at Beauport, many of whom were militia or Indigenous warriors (see Indigenous-French Relations). Wolfe’s army was very close in size, but was composed almost entirely of regular soldiers, highly disciplined and trained for the field battle to come. Indigenous marksmen were positioned with Canadian militiamen in the bushes along the British flanks. According to one British soldier’s account, “The enemy lined the bushes in their front, with 1500 Indians and Canadians, and I dare say had placed most of their best marksmen there, who kept up a very galling, though irregular, fire upon our whole line.” Historian Peter Macleod has noted that so...

    The British position at Quebec was not secure. Soon after the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, the British navy was forced to leave the St.Lawrence River before ice closed the mouth of the river. The British at Quebec were therefore isolated over the winter, and many suffered from scurvy. In April 1760, the Chevalierde Lévis (Montcalm’s successor) marched about 7,000 troops to Quebec, outnumbering the defending British by about 3,000 men. On 28 April, Lévis’s force defeated the British at the Battleof Sainte-Foy, just west of the city. In a reversal of events from the previous year, the British retreated to Quebec, and the French laid siege. However, in mid-May the British navy returned, and Lévis retreated to Montreal. On 20 November 1759, the French fleet was destroyed at the battle at Quiberon Bay, just off the French coast; there would be no reinforcements for New France. On 8 September 1760, Montreal surrendered to the British (see Capitulationof Montreal). With the 1763Treaty...

    The Battle of the Plains of Abraham marked a turning point in the history of New France and what would eventually become Canada. By defeating and securing the French stronghold at Quebec, the British established a strong presence in New France, foreshadowing the eventual defeat of the French and the beginning of British hegemony in North America (see Conquest). However, the removal of France as a North American power increased the confidence of British colonies such as New York, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, which subsequently agitated for greater independence from Great Britain. The Battle of the Plains of Abraham therefore led not only to the British control of Canada, but also indirectly to the American Revolution, the creation of the United States and the migration of Loyalists northwards (see also British North America). The British victory at Quebec in 1759 (and in the Seven Years’ Warmore generally) had a long legacy, affecting the borders, culture and identity of Canada.

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